Psalm 91:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You will not fear the terror of the night, nor the arrow that flies by day,

King James Bible
Thou shalt not be afraid for the terror by night; nor for the arrow that flieth by day;

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not be afraid for the terror by night, Nor for the arrow that flieth by day;

Douay-Rheims Bible
His truth shall compass thee with a shield: thou shalt not be afraid of the terror of the night.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not be afraid for the terror by night, nor for the arrow that flieth by day;

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt not be afraid for the terror by night; nor for the arrow that flieth by day;

Psalm 91:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The prayer for a salutary knowledge, or discernment, of the appointment of divine wrath is now followed by the prayer for the return of favour, and the wish that God would carry out His work of salvation and bless Israel's undertakings to that end. We here recognise the well-known language of prayer of Moses in Exodus 32:12, according to which שׁוּבה is not intended as a prayer for God's return to Israel, but for the turning away of His anger; and the sigh עד־מתי that is blended with its asks how long this being angry, which threatens to blot Israel out, is still to last. והנּהם is explained according to this same parallel passage: May God feel remorse or sorrow (which in this case coincide) concerning His servants, i.e., concerning the affliction appointed to them. The naming of the church by עבדיך (as in Deuteronomy 9:27, cf. Exodus 32:13 of the patriarchs) reminds one of Deuteronomy 32:36 : concerning His servants He shall feel compassion (Hithpa. instead of the Niphal). The prayer for the turning of wrath is followed in Psalm 90:14 by the prayer for the turning towards them of favour. In בּבּקר there lies the thought that it has been night hitherto in Israel. "Morning" is therefore the beginning of a new season of favour. In שׂבּענוּ (to which הסדּך is a second accusative of the object) is implied the thought that Israel whilst under wrath has been hungering after favour; cf. the adjective שׂבע in the same tropical signification in Deuteronomy 33:23. The supplicatory imperatives are followed by two moods expressive of intention: then will we, or: in order that we may rejoice and be glad; for futures like these set forth the intention of attaining something as a result or aim of what has been expressed just before: Ew. 325, a. בּכל־ימינוּ is not governed by the verbs of rejoicing (Psalm 118:24), in which case it would have been בּחיּינוּ, but is an adverbial definition of time (Psalm 145:2; Psalm 35:8): within the term of life allotted to us. We see from Psalm 90:15 that the season of affliction has already lasted for a long time. The duration of the forty years of wrath, which in the midst of their course seemed to them as an eternity, is made the measure of the reviving again that is earnestly sought. The plural ימות instead of ימי is common only to our Psalm and Deuteronomy 32:7; it is not known elsewhere to Biblical Hebrew. And the poetical שׁנות instead of שׁני, which also occurs elsewhere, appears for the first time in Deuteronomy 32:7. The meaning of ענּיתנוּ, in which ימות hcihw is specialized after the manner of a genitive, is explained from Deuteronomy 8:2., according to which the forty years' wandering in the wilderness was designed to humble (ענּות) and to prove Israel through suffering. At the close of these forty years Israel stands on the threshold of the Promise Land. To Israel all final hopes were closely united with the taking possession of this land. We learn from Genesis 49 that it is the horizon of Jacob's prophetic benediction. This Psalm too, in Psalm 90:16-17, terminates in the prayer for the attainment of this goal. The psalmist has begun in Psalm 90:1 his adoration with the majestic divine name אדני; in Psalm 90:13 he began his prayer with the gracious divine name יהוה; and now, where he mentions God for the third time, he gives to Him the twofold name, so full of faith, אדני אלהינוּ. אל used once alternates with the thrice repeated על: salvation is not Israel's own work, but the work of Jahve; it therefore comes from above, it comes and meets Israel. It is worthy of remark that the noun פּעל occurs only in Deuteronomy in the whole Tra, and that here also of the gracious rule of Jahve, Psalm 32:4, cf. Psalm 33:11. The church calls the work of the Lord מעשׂה ידינוּ in so far as He executes it through them. This expression מעשׂה ידים as a designation of human undertakings runs through the whole of the Book of Deuteronomy: Deuteronomy 2:7; Deuteronomy 4:28; Deuteronomy 11:7; Deuteronomy 14:29; Deuteronomy 16:15; Deuteronomy 24:19; Deuteronomy 27:15; Deuteronomy 28:12; Deuteronomy 30:9. In the work of the Lord the bright side of His glory unveils itself, hence it is called הדר; this too is a word not alien at least to the language of Deuteronomy, Deuteronomy 33:17. Therein is made manifest נעם ה, His graciousness and condescension - an expression which David has borrowed from Moses in Psalm 27:4. יראה and יהי are optatives. כּוננה is an urgent request, imperat. obsecrantis as the old expositors say. With Waw the same thought is expressed over again (cf. Isaiah 55:1, וּלכוּ, yea come) - a simple, childlike anadiplosis which vividly reminds us of the Book of Deuteronomy, which revolves in thoughts that are ever the same, and by that very means speaks deeply to the heart. Thus the Deuteronomic impression of this Psalm accompanies us from beginning to end, from מעון to מעשׂה ידים. Nor will it now be merely accidental that the fondness for comparisons, which is a peculiarity of the Book of Deuteronomy (Deuteronomy 1:31, Deuteronomy 1:44; Deuteronomy 8:5; Deuteronomy 28:29, Deuteronomy 28:49, cf. Deuteronomy 28:13, Deuteronomy 28:44; Deuteronomy 29:17-18), is found again in this Psalm.

Psalm 91:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

thou

Psalm 3:6 I will not be afraid of ten thousands of people, that have set themselves against me round about.

Psalm 27:1-3 The LORD is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? the LORD is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid...

Psalm 46:2 Therefore will not we fear, though the earth be removed, and though the mountains be carried into the middle of the sea;

Psalm 112:7 He shall not be afraid of evil tidings: his heart is fixed, trusting in the LORD.

Job 5:19 He shall deliver you in six troubles: yes, in seven there shall no evil touch you.

Proverbs 28:1 The wicked flee when no man pursues: but the righteous are bold as a lion.

Isaiah 43:2 When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow you...

Matthew 8:26 And he said to them, Why are you fearful, O you of little faith? Then he arose, and rebuked the winds and the sea...

Hebrews 13:6 So that we may boldly say, The Lord is my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do to me.

terror

Psalm 3:5 I laid me down and slept; I awaked; for the LORD sustained me.

2 Kings 7:6 For the LORD had made the host of the Syrians to hear a noise of chariots, and a noise of horses, even the noise of a great host...

Job 4:13-15 In thoughts from the visions of the night, when deep sleep falls on men...

Job 24:14-16 The murderer rising with the light kills the poor and needy, and in the night is as a thief...

Proverbs 3:23-25 Then shall you walk in your way safely, and your foot shall not stumble...

Isaiah 21:4 My heart panted, fearfulness affrighted me: the night of my pleasure has he turned into fear to me.

Luke 12:20,39 But God said to him, You fool, this night your soul shall be required of you: then whose shall those things be...

nor

Job 6:4 For the arrows of the Almighty are within me, the poison whereof drinks up my spirit...

Lamentations 3:12,13 He has bent his bow, and set me as a mark for the arrow...

Cross References
Job 5:19
He will deliver you from six troubles; in seven no evil shall touch you.

Job 5:21
You shall be hidden from the lash of the tongue, and shall not fear destruction when it comes.

Psalm 23:4
Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me.

Psalm 27:1
The LORD is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? The LORD is the stronghold of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?

Psalm 64:4
shooting from ambush at the blameless, shooting at him suddenly and without fear.

Psalm 121:6
The sun shall not strike you by day, nor the moon by night.

Proverbs 3:25
Do not be afraid of sudden terror or of the ruin of the wicked, when it comes,

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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