Psalm 9:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The LORD is a stronghold for the oppressed, a stronghold in times of trouble.

King James Bible
The LORD also will be a refuge for the oppressed, a refuge in times of trouble.

American Standard Version
Jehovah also will be a high tower for the oppressed, A high tower in times of trouble;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord is become a refuge for the poor: a helper in due time in tribulation.

English Revised Version
The LORD also will be a high tower for the oppressed, a high tower in times of trouble;

Webster's Bible Translation
The LORD also will be a refuge for the oppressed, a refuge in times of trouble.

Psalm 9:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 9:4-5) The call upon himself to thanksgiving sounds forth, and the ב-strophe continues it by expressing the ground of it. The preposition בּ in this instance expresses both the time and the reason together (as in Psalm 76:10; 2 Chronicles 28:6); in Latin it is recedentibus hostibus meis retro. אחור serves to strengthen the notion of being driven back, as in Psalm 56:10, cf. Psalm 44:11; and just as, in Latin, verbs compounded of re are strengthened by retro. In Psalm 9:4 finite verbs take the place of the infinitive construct; here we have futt. with a present signification, just as in 2 Chronicles 16:7 we find a praet. intended as perfect. For the rendering which Hitzig adopts: When mine enemies retreat backwards, they stumble... is opposed both by the absence of any syntactic indication in Psalm 9:4 of an apodosis (cf. Psalm 27:2); and also by the fact that יכּשׁלוּ is well adapted to be a continuation of the description of שׁוּב אחור (cf. John 18:6), but is tame as a principal clause to the definitive clause בשוב אויבי אחור. Moreover, אחור does not signify backwards (which would rather be אחרנּית Genesis 9:23; 1 Samuel 4:18), but back, or into the rear. The מן of מפּניך is the מן of the cause, whence the action proceeds. What is intended is God's angry countenance, the look of which sets his enemies on fire as if they were fuel (Psalm 21:10), in antithesis to God's countenance as beaming with the light of His love. Now, while this is taking place, and because of its taking place, will be sing praise to God. From Psalm 9:2 we see that the Psalm is composed directly after the victory and while the destructive consequences of it to the vanquished are still in operation. David sees in it all an act of Jahve's judicial power. To execute any one's right, משׁפּט (Micah 7:9), to bring to an issue any one's suit or lawful demand, דּין (Psalm 140:13), is equivalent to: to assist him and his good cause in securing their right. The phrases are also used in a judicial sense without the suffix. The genitive object after these principal words never denotes the person against whom, but the person on whose behalf, the third party steps forward with his judicial authority. Jahve has seated Himself upon His judgment-seat as a judge of righteousness (as in Jeremiah 11:20), i.e., as a judge whose judicial mode of procedure is righteousness, justice,

(Note: Also Proverbs 8:16 is probably to be read צדק כּל־שׁכּטי, with Norzi, according to the Targum, Syriac version, and old Codices; at any rate this is an old various reading, and one in accordance with the sense, side by side with כל־שׁפטי ארץ.)

and has decided in his favour. In ישׁב ל (as in Psalm 132:11), which is distinguished in this respect from ישׁב על (Psalm 47:9), the idea of motion, considere, comes prominently forward.

Psalm 9:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The Lord

Psalm 18:2 The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler...

Psalm 32:7 You are my hiding place; you shall preserve me from trouble; you shall compass me about with songs of deliverance. Selah.

Psalm 37:39 But the salvation of the righteous is of the LORD: he is their strength in the time of trouble.

Psalm 46:1 God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble.

Psalm 48:3 God is known in her palaces for a refuge.

Psalm 62:8 Trust in him at all times; you people, pour out your heart before him: God is a refuge for us. Selah.

Psalm 91:1,2 He that dwells in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty...

Psalm 142:4 I looked on my right hand, and beheld, but there was no man that would know me: refuge failed me; no man cared for my soul.

Deuteronomy 33:27 The eternal God is your refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms: and he shall thrust out the enemy from before you...

Proverbs 18:10 The name of the LORD is a strong tower: the righteous runs into it, and is safe.

Isaiah 4:5,6 And the LORD will create on every dwelling place of mount Zion, and on her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day...

Isaiah 8:14 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offense to both the houses of Israel...

Isaiah 32:2 And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place...

Nahum 1:7 The LORD is good, a strong hold in the day of trouble; and he knows them that trust in him.

Luke 13:34 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which kill the prophets, and stone them that are sent to you...

Hebrews 6:18 That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation...

be a refuge. Heb. be a high place

Psalm 20:1 The LORD hear you in the day of trouble; the name of the God of Jacob defend you;

Psalm 46:7 The LORD of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah.

in times

Psalm 50:15 And call on me in the day of trouble: I will deliver you, and you shall glorify me.

Psalm 77:1,2 I cried to God with my voice, even to God with my voice; and he gave ear to me...

Psalm 108:12 Give us help from trouble: for vain is the help of man.

Cross References
2 Samuel 22:3
my God, my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold and my refuge, my savior; you save me from violence.

Psalm 10:18
to do justice to the fatherless and the oppressed, so that man who is of the earth may strike terror no more.

Psalm 12:5
"Because the poor are plundered, because the needy groan, I will now arise," says the LORD; "I will place him in the safety for which he longs."

Psalm 14:6
You would shame the plans of the poor, but the LORD is his refuge.

Psalm 32:7
You are a hiding place for me; you preserve me from trouble; you surround me with shouts of deliverance. Selah

Psalm 37:39
The salvation of the righteous is from the LORD; he is their stronghold in the time of trouble.

Psalm 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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