Psalm 9:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The wicked shall return to Sheol, all the nations that forget God.

King James Bible
The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God.

American Standard Version
The wicked shall be turned back unto Sheol, Even all the nations that forget God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The wicked shall be turned into hell, all the nations that forget God.

English Revised Version
The wicked shall return to Sheol, even all the nations that forget God.

Webster's Bible Translation
The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God.

Psalm 9:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 9:12-13) Thus then the z-strophe summons to the praise of this God who has done, and will still do, such things. The summons contains a moral claim, and therefore applies to all, and to each one individually. Jahve, who is to be praised everywhere and by every one, is called ישׁב ציּון, which does not mean: He who sits enthroned in Zion, but He who inhabiteth Zion, Ges. 138, 1. Such is the name by which He is called since the time when His earthly throne, the ark, was fixed on the castle hill of Jerusalem, Psalm 76:3. It is the epithet applied to Him during the period of the typical kingship of promise. That Jahve's salvation shall be proclaimed from Zion to all the world, even outside Israel, for their salvation, is, as we see here and elsewhere, an idea which throbs with life even in the Davidic Psalms; later prophecy beholds its realisation in its wider connections with the history of the future. That which shall be proclaimed to the nations is called עלילותיו, a designation which the magnalia Dei have obtained in the Psalms and the prophets since the time of Hannah's song, 1 Samuel 2:3 (from עלל, root על, to come over or upon anything, to influence a person or a thing, as it were, from above, to subject them to one's energy, to act upon them).

With כּי, quod, in Psalm 9:13, the subject of the proclamation of salvation is unfolded as to its substance. The praett. state that which is really past; for that which God has done is the assumption that forms the basis of the discourse in praise of God on account of His mighty acts. They consist in avenging and rescuing His persecuted church-persecuted even to martyrdom. The אותם, standing by way of emphasis before its verb, refers to those who are mentioned afterwards (cf. Psalm 9:20): the Chethb calls them עניּים, the Keri ענוים. Both words alternate elsewhere also, the Ker at one time placing the latter, at another the former, in the place of the one that stands in the text. They are both referable to ענה to bend (to bring low, Isaiah 25:5). The neuter signification of the verb ענה equals ענו, Arab.. ‛nâ, fut o., underlies the noun ענו (cf. שׁלו), for which in Numbers 12:3 there is a Ker עניו with an incorrect Jod (like שׁליו Job 21:23). This is manifest from the substantive ענוה, which does not signify affliction, but passiveness, i.e., humility and gentleness; and the noun עני is passive, and therefore does not, like ענו, signify one who is lowly-minded, in a state of ענוה, but one who is bowed down by afflictions, עני. But because the twin virtues denoted by ענוה are acquired in the school of affliction, there comes to be connected with עני - but only secondarily - the notion of that moral and spiritual condition which is aimed at by dispensations of affliction, and is joined with a suffering life, rather than with one of worldly happiness and prosperity, - a condition which, as Numbers 12:3 shows, is properly described by ענו (ταπεινός and πραΰ́ς). It shall be proclaimed beyond Israel, even among the nations, that the Avenger of blood, דּמים דּרשׁ, thinks of them (His דּרשׁים), and has been as earnest in His concern for them as they in theirs for Him. דּמים always signifies human blood that is shed by violence and unnaturally; the plur. is the plural of the product discussed by Dietrich, Abhandl. S. 40. דּרשׁ to demand back from any one that which he has destroyed, and therefore to demand a reckoning, indemnification, satisfaction for it, Genesis 9:5, then absolutely to punish, 2 Chronicles 24:22.

Psalm 9:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The wicked

Proverbs 14:32 The wicked is driven away in his wickedness: but the righteous has hope in his death.

Isaiah 3:11 Woe to the wicked! it shall be ill with him: for the reward of his hands shall be given him.

Isaiah 5:14 Therefore hell has enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp...

Matthew 25:41-46 Then shall he say also to them on the left hand, Depart from me, you cursed, into everlasting fire...

Romans 2:8,9 But to them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath...

2 Thessalonians 1:7-9 And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels...

Revelation 20:15 And whoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.

Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and fornicators, and sorcerers, and idolaters...

forget

Psalm 44:17,20 All this is come on us; yet have we not forgotten you, neither have we dealt falsely in your covenant...

Psalm 50:22 Now consider this, you that forget God, lest I tear you in pieces, and there be none to deliver.

Psalm 106:13 They soon forgot his works; they waited not for his counsel:

Job 8:13 So are the paths of all that forget God; and the hypocrite's hope shall perish:

Jeremiah 2:32 Can a maid forget her ornaments, or a bride her attire? yet my people have forgotten me days without number.

Jeremiah 3:21 A voice was heard on the high places, weeping and supplications of the children of Israel: for they have perverted their way...

Jeremiah 13:25 This is your lot, the portion of your measures from me, said the LORD; because you have forgotten me, and trusted in falsehood.

Jeremiah 18:15 Because my people has forgotten me, they have burned incense to vanity...

Hosea 2:13 And I will visit on her the days of Baalim, wherein she burned incense to them, and she decked herself with her earrings and her jewels...

Cross References
Job 8:13
Such are the paths of all who forget God; the hope of the godless shall perish.

Psalm 49:14
Like sheep they are appointed for Sheol; death shall be their shepherd, and the upright shall rule over them in the morning. Their form shall be consumed in Sheol, with no place to dwell.

Psalm 50:22
"Mark this, then, you who forget God, lest I tear you apart, and there be none to deliver!

Jeremiah 13:25
This is your lot, the portion I have measured out to you, declares the LORD, because you have forgotten me and trusted in lies.

Ezekiel 31:17
They also went down to Sheol with it, to those who are slain by the sword; yes, those who were its arm, who lived under its shadow among the nations.

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