Psalm 88:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Is your steadfast love declared in the grave, or your faithfulness in Abaddon?

King James Bible
Shall thy lovingkindness be declared in the grave? or thy faithfulness in destruction?

American Standard Version
Shall thy lovingkindness be declared in the grave? Or thy faithfulness in Destruction?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Shall any one in the sepulchre declare thy mercy: and thy truth in destruction?

English Revised Version
Shall thy lovingkindness be declared in the grave? or thy faithfulness in Destruction?

Webster's Bible Translation
Shall thy loving-kindness be declared in the grave? or thy faithfulness in destruction?

Psalm 88:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The poet finds himself in the midst of circumstances gloomy in the extreme, but he does not despair; he still turns towards Jahve with his complaints, and calls Him the God of his salvation. This actus directus of fleeing in prayer to the God of salvation, which urges its way through all that is dark and gloomy, is the fundamental characteristic of all true faith. Psalm 88:2 is not to be rendered, as a clause of itself: "by day I cry unto Thee, in the night before Thee" (lxx and Targum), which ought to have been יומם, but (as it is also pointed, especially in Baer's text): by day, i.e., in the time (Psalm 56:4; Psalm 78:42, cf. Psalm 18:1), when I cry before Thee in the night, let my prayer come... (Hitzig). In Psalm 88:3 he calls his piercing lamentation, his wailing supplication, רנּתי, as in Psalm 17:1; Psalm 61:2. הטּה as in Psalm 86:1, for which we find הט in Psalm 17:6. The Beth of בּרעות, as in Psalm 65:5; Lamentations 3:15, Lamentations 3:30, denotes that of which his soul has already had abundantly sufficient. On Psalm 88:4, cf. as to the syntax Psalm 31:11. איל (ἅπαξ λεγομ. like אילוּת, Psalm 22:20) signifies succinctness, compactness, vigorousness (ἁδρότης): he is like a man from whom all vital freshness and vigour is gone, therefore now only like the shadow of a man, in fact like one already dead. חפשׁי, in Psalm 88:6, the lxx renders ἐν νεκροῖς ἐλεύθερος (Symmachus, ἀφεὶς ἐλεύθερος); and in like manner the Targum, and the Talmud which follows it in formulating the proposition that a deceased person is חפשׁי מן חמצוות, free from the fulfilling of the precepts of the Law (cf. Romans 6:7). Hitzig, Ewald, Kster, and Bttcher, on the contrary, explain it according to Ezekiel 27:20 (where חפשׁ signifies stragulum): among the dead is my couch (חפשׁי equals יצועי, Job 17:13). But in respect of Job 3:19 the adjectival rendering is the more probable; "one set free among the dead" (lxx) is equivalent to one released from the bond of life (Job 39:5), somewhat as in Latin a dead person is called defunctus. God does not remember the dead, i.e., practically, inasmuch as, devoid of any progressive history, their condition remains always the same; they are in fact cut away (נגזר as in Psalm 31:23; Lamentations 3:54; Isaiah 53:8) from the hand, viz., from the guiding and helping hand, of God. Their dwelling-place is the pit of the places lying deep beneath (cf. on תּחתּיּות, Psalm 63:10; Psalm 86:13; Ezekiel 26:20, and more particularly Lamentations 3:55), the dark regions (מחשׁכּים as in Psalm 143:3, Lamentations 3:6), the submarine depths (בּמצלות; lxx, Symmachus, the Syriac, etc.: ἐν σκιᾷ θανάτου equals בצלמות, according to Job 10:21 and frequently, but contrary to Lamentations 3:54), whose open abyss is the grave for each one. On Psalm 88:8 cf. Psalm 42:8. The Mugrash by כל־משׁבריך stamps it as an adverbial accusative (Targum), or more correctly, since the expression is not עניתני, as the object placed in advance. Only those who are not conversant with the subject (as Hupfeld in this instance) imagine that the accentuation marks ענּית as a relative clause (cf. on the contrary Psalm 8:7, Psalm 21:3, etc.). ענּה, to bow down, press down; here used of the turning or directing downwards (lxx ἐπήγαγες) of the waves, which burst like a cataract over the afflicted one.

Psalm 88:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

in destruction

Psalm 55:23 But you, O God, shall bring them down into the pit of destruction: bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days...

Psalm 73:18 Surely you did set them in slippery places: you cast them down into destruction.

Job 21:30 That the wicked is reserved to the day of destruction? they shall be brought forth to the day of wrath.

Job 26:6 Hell is naked before him, and destruction has no covering.

Proverbs 15:11 Hell and destruction are before the LORD: how much more then the hearts of the children of men?

Matthew 7:13 Enter you in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leads to destruction...

Romans 9:22 What if God, willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known...

2 Peter 2:1 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you...

Cross References
Revelation 9:11
They have as king over them the angel of the bottomless pit. His name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in Greek he is called Apollyon.

Psalm 88:10
Do you work wonders for the dead? Do the departed rise up to praise you? Selah

Psalm 88:12
Are your wonders known in the darkness, or your righteousness in the land of forgetfulness?

Psalm 89:1
I will sing of the steadfast love of the LORD, forever; with my mouth I will make known your faithfulness to all generations.

Isaiah 38:18
For Sheol does not thank you; death does not praise you; those who go down to the pit do not hope for your faithfulness.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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