Psalm 80:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You have fed them with the bread of tears and given them tears to drink in full measure.

King James Bible
Thou feedest them with the bread of tears; and givest them tears to drink in great measure.

American Standard Version
Thou hast fed them with the bread of tears, And given them tears to drink in large measure.

Douay-Rheims Bible
How long wilt thou feed us with the bread of tears: and give us for our drink tears in measure?

English Revised Version
Thou hast fed them with the bread of tears, and given them tears to drink in large measure.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou feedest them with the bread of tears; and givest them tears to drink in great measure.

Psalm 80:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The victory of the world is indeed not God's aim; therefore His own honour does not suffer that the world of which He has made use in order to chasten His people should for ever haughtily triumph. שׁמך is repeated with emphasis at the end of the petition in Psalm 79:9, according to the figure epanaphora. על־דּבר equals למען, as in Psalm 45:5, cf. Psalm 7:1, is a usage even of the language of the Pentateuch. Also the motive, "wherefore shall they say?" occurs even in the Tפra (Exodus 32:12, cf. Numbers 14:13-17; Deuteronomy 9:28). Here (cf. Psalm 115:2) it originates out of Joel 2:17. The wish expressed in Psalm 79:10 is based upon Deuteronomy 32:43. The poet wishes in company with his contemporaries, as eye-witnesses, to experience what God has promised in the early times, viz., that He will avenge the blood of His servants. The petition in Deuteronomy 32:11 runs like Psalm 102:21, cf. Psalm 18:7. אסיר individualizingly is those who are carried away captive and incarcerated; בּני תמוּתה are those who, if God does not preserve them by virtue of the greatness (גדל, cf. גּדל Exodus 15:16) of His arm, i.e., of His far-reaching omnipotence, succumb to the power of death as to a patria potestas.

(Note: The Arabic has just this notion in an active application, viz., benı̂ el-môt equals the heroes (destroyers) in the battle.)

That the petition in Psalm 79:12 recurs to the neighbouring peoples is explained by the fact, that these, who might most readily come to the knowledge of the God of Israel as the one living and true God, have the greatest degree of guilt on account of their reviling of God. The bosom is mentioned as that in which one takes up and holds that which is handed to him (Luke 6:38); חיק- (על) אל (שׁלּם) השׁיב, as in Isaiah 65:7, Isaiah 65:6; Jeremiah 32:18. A sevenfold requital (cf. Genesis 4:15, Genesis 4:24) is a requital that is fully carried out as a criminal sentence, for seven is the number of a completed process.

Psalm 80:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalm 42:3 My tears have been my meat day and night, while they continually say to me, Where is your God?

Psalm 102:9 For I have eaten ashes like bread, and mingled my drink with weeping.

Job 6:7 The things that my soul refused to touch are as my sorrowful meat.

Isaiah 30:20 And though the Lord give you the bread of adversity, and the water of affliction...

Ezekiel 4:16,17 Moreover he said to me, Son of man, behold, I will break the staff of bread in Jerusalem: and they shall eat bread by weight...

Cross References
Psalm 42:3
My tears have been my food day and night, while they say to me all the day long, "Where is your God?"

Psalm 102:9
For I eat ashes like bread and mingle tears with my drink,

Psalm 126:5
Those who sow in tears shall reap with shouts of joy!

Isaiah 30:20
And though the Lord give you the bread of adversity and the water of affliction, yet your Teacher will not hide himself anymore, but your eyes shall see your Teacher.

Jeremiah 9:15
Therefore thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Behold, I will feed this people with bitter food, and give them poisonous water to drink.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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