Psalm 78:38
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Yet he, being compassionate, atoned for their iniquity and did not destroy them; he restrained his anger often and did not stir up all his wrath.

King James Bible
But he, being full of compassion, forgave their iniquity, and destroyed them not: yea, many a time turned he his anger away, and did not stir up all his wrath.

American Standard Version
But he, being merciful, forgave their iniquity, and destroyed them not: Yea, many a time turned he his anger away, And did not stir up all his wrath.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he is merciful, and will forgive their sins: and will not destroy them. And many a time did he turn away his anger: and did not kindle all his wrath.

English Revised Version
But he, being full of compassion, forgave their iniquity, and destroyed them not: yea, many a time turned he his anger away, and did not stir up all his wrath.

Webster's Bible Translation
But he, being full of compassion, forgave their iniquity, and destroyed them not: yes, many a time he turned his anger away, and did not stir up all his wrath.

Psalm 78:38 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Passing over to the giving of the quails, the poet is thinking chiefly of the first occasion mentioned in Exodus 16, which directly preceded the giving of the manna. But the description follows the second: יסּע (He caused to depart, set out) after Numbers 11:31. "East" and "south" belong together: it was a south-east wind from the Aelanitic Gulf. "To rain down" is a figurative expression for a plentiful giving of dispensing from above. "Its camp, its tents," are those of Israel, Numbers 11:31, cf. Exodus 16:13. The תּעוה, occurring twice, Psalm 78:29-30 (of the object of strong desire, as in Psalm 21:3), points to Kibroth-hattaavah, the scene of this carnal lusting; הביא is the transitive of the בּוא in Proverbs 13:12. In Psalm 78:30-31 even in the construction the poet closely follows Numbers 11:33 (cf. also זרוּ with לזרא, aversion, loathing, Numbers 11:20). The Waw unites what takes place simultaneously; a construction which presents the advantage of being able to give special prominence to the subject. The wrath of God consisted in the breaking out of a sickness which was the result of immoderate indulgence, and to which even the best-nourished and most youthfully vigorous fell a prey. When the poet goes on in Psalm 78:32 to say that in spite of these visitations (בּכל־זאת) they went on sinning, he has chiefly before his mind the outbreak of "fat" rebelliousness after the return of the spies, cf. Psalm 78:32 with Numbers 14:11. And Psalm 78:33 refers to the judgment of death in the wilderness threatened at that time to all who had come out of Egypt from twenty years old and upward (Numbers 14:28-34). Their life devoted to death vanished from that time onwards בּהבל, in breath-like instability, and בּבּהלה, in undurable precipitancy; the mode of expression in Psalm 31:11; Job 36:1 suggests to the poet an expressive play of words. When now a special judgment suddenly and violently thinned the generation that otherwise was dying off, as in Numbers 21:6., then they inquired after Him, they again sought His favour, those who were still preserved in the midst of this dying again remembered the God who had proved Himself to be a "Rock" (Deuteronomy 32:15, Deuteronomy 32:18, Deuteronomy 32:37) and to be a "Redeemer" (Genesis 48:16) to them. And what next? Psalm 78:36-37

(Note: According to the reckoning of the Masora this Psalm 78:36 is the middle verse of the 2527 verses of the Psalter (Buxtorf, Tiberias, 1620, p. 133).)

tell us what effect they gave to this disposition to return to God. They appeased Him with their mouth, is meant to say: they sought to win Him over to themselves by fair speeches, inasmuch as they thus anthropopathically conceived of God, and with their tongue they played the hypocrite to Him; their heart, however, was not sincere towards Him (עם like את in Psalm 78:8), i.e., not directed straight towards Him, and they proved themselves not stedfast (πιστοί, or properly βέβαιοι) in their covenant-relationship to Him.

Psalm 78:38 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

but he

Psalm 106:43-45 Many times did he deliver them; but they provoked him with their counsel, and were brought low for their iniquity...

Exodus 34:6-9 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering...

Numbers 14:18-20 The LORD is long-suffering, and of great mercy, forgiving iniquity and transgression, and by no means clearing the guilty...

Numbers 16:44-48 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying...

Isaiah 44:21,22 Remember these, O Jacob and Israel; for you are my servant: I have formed you; you are my servant: O Israel...

many

Isaiah 48:9 For my name's sake will I defer my anger, and for my praise will I refrain for you, that I cut you not off.

Ezekiel 20:8,9,13,14,17,21,22 But they rebelled against me, and would not listen to me: they did not every man cast away the abominations of their eyes...

did not

2 Kings 21:20 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, as his father Manasseh did.

Cross References
Exodus 34:6
The LORD passed before him and proclaimed, "The LORD, the LORD, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness,

Numbers 14:18
The LORD is slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love, forgiving iniquity and transgression, but he will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, to the third and the fourth generation.'

2 Chronicles 12:7
When the LORD saw that they humbled themselves, the word of the LORD came to Shemaiah: "They have humbled themselves. I will not destroy them, but I will grant them some deliverance, and my wrath shall not be poured out on Jerusalem by the hand of Shishak.

Psalm 85:2
You forgave the iniquity of your people; you covered all their sin. Selah

Psalm 85:3
You withdrew all your wrath; you turned from your hot anger.

Psalm 99:8
O LORD our God, you answered them; you were a forgiving God to them, but an avenger of their wrongdoings.

Isaiah 48:9
"For my name's sake I defer my anger; for the sake of my praise I restrain it for you, that I may not cut you off.

Jump to Previous
Anger Angry Compassion Compassionate Destroy Destroyed Destroyeth End Forgave Forgiveness Forgiveth Frequently Full Fury Iniquities Iniquity Merciful Often Pity Restrained Sin Stir Time Times Turn Turned Turning Violently Waketh Wrath
Jump to Next
Anger Angry Compassion Compassionate Destroy Destroyed Destroyeth End Forgave Forgiveness Forgiveth Frequently Full Fury Iniquities Iniquity Merciful Often Pity Restrained Sin Stir Time Times Turn Turned Turning Violently Waketh Wrath
Links
Psalm 78:38 NIV
Psalm 78:38 NLT
Psalm 78:38 ESV
Psalm 78:38 NASB
Psalm 78:38 KJV

Psalm 78:38 Bible Apps
Psalm 78:38 Biblia Paralela
Psalm 78:38 Chinese Bible
Psalm 78:38 French Bible
Psalm 78:38 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Psalm 78:37
Top of Page
Top of Page