Psalm 78:33
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
So he made their days vanish like a breath, and their years in terror.

King James Bible
Therefore their days did he consume in vanity, and their years in trouble.

American Standard Version
Therefore their days did he consume in vanity, And their years in terror.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And their days were consumed in vanity, and their years in haste.

English Revised Version
Therefore their days did he consume in vanity, and their years in terror.

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore their days did he consume in vanity, and their years in trouble.

Psalm 78:33 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Passing over to the giving of the quails, the poet is thinking chiefly of the first occasion mentioned in Exodus 16, which directly preceded the giving of the manna. But the description follows the second: יסּע (He caused to depart, set out) after Numbers 11:31. "East" and "south" belong together: it was a south-east wind from the Aelanitic Gulf. "To rain down" is a figurative expression for a plentiful giving of dispensing from above. "Its camp, its tents," are those of Israel, Numbers 11:31, cf. Exodus 16:13. The תּעוה, occurring twice, Psalm 78:29-30 (of the object of strong desire, as in Psalm 21:3), points to Kibroth-hattaavah, the scene of this carnal lusting; הביא is the transitive of the בּוא in Proverbs 13:12. In Psalm 78:30-31 even in the construction the poet closely follows Numbers 11:33 (cf. also זרוּ with לזרא, aversion, loathing, Numbers 11:20). The Waw unites what takes place simultaneously; a construction which presents the advantage of being able to give special prominence to the subject. The wrath of God consisted in the breaking out of a sickness which was the result of immoderate indulgence, and to which even the best-nourished and most youthfully vigorous fell a prey. When the poet goes on in Psalm 78:32 to say that in spite of these visitations (בּכל־זאת) they went on sinning, he has chiefly before his mind the outbreak of "fat" rebelliousness after the return of the spies, cf. Psalm 78:32 with Numbers 14:11. And Psalm 78:33 refers to the judgment of death in the wilderness threatened at that time to all who had come out of Egypt from twenty years old and upward (Numbers 14:28-34). Their life devoted to death vanished from that time onwards בּהבל, in breath-like instability, and בּבּהלה, in undurable precipitancy; the mode of expression in Psalm 31:11; Job 36:1 suggests to the poet an expressive play of words. When now a special judgment suddenly and violently thinned the generation that otherwise was dying off, as in Numbers 21:6., then they inquired after Him, they again sought His favour, those who were still preserved in the midst of this dying again remembered the God who had proved Himself to be a "Rock" (Deuteronomy 32:15, Deuteronomy 32:18, Deuteronomy 32:37) and to be a "Redeemer" (Genesis 48:16) to them. And what next? Psalm 78:36-37

(Note: According to the reckoning of the Masora this Psalm 78:36 is the middle verse of the 2527 verses of the Psalter (Buxtorf, Tiberias, 1620, p. 133).)

tell us what effect they gave to this disposition to return to God. They appeased Him with their mouth, is meant to say: they sought to win Him over to themselves by fair speeches, inasmuch as they thus anthropopathically conceived of God, and with their tongue they played the hypocrite to Him; their heart, however, was not sincere towards Him (עם like את in Psalm 78:8), i.e., not directed straight towards Him, and they proved themselves not stedfast (πιστοί, or properly βέβαιοι) in their covenant-relationship to Him.

Psalm 78:33 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

days

Psalm 90:7-9 For we are consumed by your anger, and by your wrath are we troubled...

Numbers 14:29,35 Your carcasses shall fall in this wilderness; and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number...

Numbers 26:64,65 But among these there was not a man of them whom Moses and Aaron the priest numbered...

Deuteronomy 2:14-16 And the space in which we came from Kadeshbarnea, until we were come over the brook Zered, was thirty and eight years...

years

Genesis 3:16-19 To the woman he said, I will greatly multiply your sorrow and your conception; in sorrow you shall bring forth children...

Job 5:6,7 Although affliction comes not forth of the dust, neither does trouble spring out of the ground...

Job 14:1 Man that is born of a woman is of few days and full of trouble.

Ecclesiastes 1:2,13,14 Vanity of vanities, said the Preacher, vanity of vanities; all is vanity...

Ecclesiastes 12:8,13,14 Vanity of vanities, said the preacher; all is vanity...

Cross References
Leviticus 26:16
then I will do this to you: I will visit you with panic, with wasting disease and fever that consume the eyes and make the heart ache. And you shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it.

Numbers 14:29
your dead bodies shall fall in this wilderness, and of all your number, listed in the census from twenty years old and upward, who have grumbled against me,

Numbers 14:35
I, the LORD, have spoken. Surely this will I do to all this wicked congregation who are gathered together against me: in this wilderness they shall come to a full end, and there they shall die."

Psalm 90:9
For all our days pass away under your wrath; we bring our years to an end like a sigh.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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