Psalm 7:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
he has prepared for him his deadly weapons, making his arrows fiery shafts.

King James Bible
He hath also prepared for him the instruments of death; he ordaineth his arrows against the persecutors.

American Standard Version
He hath also prepared for him the instruments of death; He maketh his arrows fiery'shafts .

Douay-Rheims Bible
And in it he hath prepared the instruments of death, he hath made ready his arrows for them that burn.

English Revised Version
He hath also prepared for him the instruments of death; he maketh his arrows fiery shafts.

Webster's Bible Translation
He hath also prepared for him the instruments of death; he ordaineth his arrows against the persecutors.

Psalm 7:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 7:7-9) In the consciousness of his own innocence he calls upon Jahve to sit in judgment and to do justice to His own. His vision widens and extends from the enemies immediately around to the whole world in its hostility towards Jahve and His anointed one. In the very same way special judgments and the judgment of the world are portrayed side by side, as it were on one canvas, in the prophets. The truth of this combination lies in the fact of the final judgment being only the finale of that judgment which is in constant execution in the world itself. The language here takes the highest and most majestic flight conceivable. By קוּמה (Milra, ass in Psalm 3:8), which is one of David's words of prayer that he has taken from the lips of Moses (Psalm 9:20; Psalm 10:12), he calls upon Jahve to interpose. The parallel is הנּשׂא lift Thyself up, show thyself in Thy majesty, Psalm 94:2, Isaiah 33:10. The anger, in which He is to arise, is the principle of His judicial righteousness. With this His anger He is to gird Himself (Psalm 76:11) against the ragings of the oppressors of God's anointed one, i.e., taking vengeance on their many and manifold manifestations of hostility. עברות is a shorter form of the construct (instead of עברות Job 40:11, cf. Psalm 21:1-13 :31) of עברה which describes the anger as running over, breaking forth from within and passing over into words and deeds (cf. Arab. fšš, used of water: it overflows the dam, of wrath: it breaks forth). It is contrary to the usage of the language to make משׁפּט the object to עוּרה in opposition to the accents, and it is unnatural to regard it as the accus. of direction equals למּשׂפט (Psalm 35:23), as Hitzig does. The accents rightly unite עוּרה אלי: awake (stir thyself) for me i.e., to help me (אלי like לקלאתי, Psalm 59:5). The view, that צוּית is then precative and equivalent to צוּה: command judgment, is one that cannot be established according to syntax either here, or in Psalm 71:3. It ought at least to have been וצוּית with Waw consec. On the other hand the relative rendering: Thou who hast ordered judgment (Maurer, Hengst.), is admissible, but unnecessary. We take it by itself in a confirmatory sense, not as a circumstantial clause: having commanded judgment (Ewald), but as a co-ordinate clause: Thou hast indeed enjoined the maintaining of right (Hupfeld).

The psalmist now, so to speak, arranges the judgment scene: the assembly of the nations is to form a circle round about Jahve, in the midst of which He will sit in judgment, and after the judgment He is to soar away (Genesis 17:22) aloft over it and return to the heights of heaven like a victor after the battle (see Psalm 68:19). Although it strikes one as strange that the termination of the judgment itself is not definitely expressed, yet the rendering of Hupfeld and others: sit Thou again upon Thy heavenly judgment-seat to judge, is to be rejected on account of the שׁוּבה (cf. on the other hand 21:14) which is not suited to it; שׁוב למּרום can only mean Jahve's return to His rest after the execution of judgment. That which Psalm 7:7 and Psalm 7:8 in the boldness of faith desire, the beginning of Psalm 7:9 expresses as a prophetic hope, from which proceeds the prayer, that the Judge of the earth may also do justice to him (שׁפתני vindica me, as in Psalm 26:1; Psalm 35:24) according to his righteousness and the purity of which he is conscious, as dwelling in him. עלי is to be closely connected with תּמּי, just as one says נפשׁי עלי (Psychol. S. 152 [tr. p. 180]). That which the individual as ego, distinguishes from itself as being in it, as subject, it denotes by עלי. In explaining it elliptically: "come upon me" (Ew., Olsh., Hupf.) this psychologically intelligible usage of the language is not recognised. On תּם vid., on Psalm 25:21; Psalm 26:1.

Psalm 7:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

ordaineth

Psalm 11:2 For, see, the wicked bend their bow, they make ready their arrow on the string, that they may privately shoot at the upright in heart.

Psalm 45:5 Your arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; whereby the people fall under you.

Psalm 64:3,7 Who whet their tongue like a sword, and bend their bows to shoot their arrows, even bitter words...

Psalm 144:6 Cast forth lightning, and scatter them: shoot out your arrows, and destroy them.

Deuteronomy 32:23,42 I will heap mischiefs on them; I will spend my arrows on them...

Job 6:4 For the arrows of the Almighty are within me, the poison whereof drinks up my spirit...

Lamentations 3:12,13 He has bent his bow, and set me as a mark for the arrow...

Habakkuk 3:11,13 The sun and moon stood still in their habitation: at the light of your arrows they went, and at the shining of your glittering spear...

persecutors

2 Thessalonians 1:6 Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you;

Revelation 6:10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true...

Revelation 16:6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and you have given them blood to drink; for they are worthy.

Cross References
Ephesians 6:16
In all circumstances take up the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming darts of the evil one;

Psalm 18:14
And he sent out his arrows and scattered them; he flashed forth lightnings and routed them.

Psalm 21:12
For you will put them to flight; you will aim at their faces with your bows.

Psalm 45:5
Your arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; the peoples fall under you.

Psalm 64:7
But God shoots his arrow at them; they are wounded suddenly.

Psalm 144:6
Flash forth the lightning and scatter them; send out your arrows and rout them!

Isaiah 5:28
their arrows are sharp, all their bows bent, their horses' hoofs seem like flint, and their wheels like the whirlwind.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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