Psalm 58:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
No, in your hearts you devise wrongs; your hands deal out violence on earth.

King James Bible
Yea, in heart ye work wickedness; ye weigh the violence of your hands in the earth.

American Standard Version
Nay, in heart ye work wickedness; Ye weigh out the violence of your hands in the earth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For in your heart you work iniquity: your hands forge injustice in the earth.

English Revised Version
Yea, in heart ye work wickedness; ye weigh out the violence of your hands in the earth.

Webster's Bible Translation
Yes, in heart ye work wickedness; ye weigh the violence of your hands in the earth.

Psalm 58:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In this second half of the Psalm the poet refreshes himself with the thought of seeing that for which he longs and prays realized even with the dawning of the morning after this night of wretchedness. The perfect in Psalm 57:7 is the perfect of certainty; the other perfects state what preceded and is now changed into the destruction of the crafty ones themselves. If the clause כּפף נפשׁי is rendered: my soul was bowed down (cf. חלל, Psalm 109:22), it forms no appropriate corollary to the crafty laying of snares. Hence kpp must be taken as transitive: he had bowed down my soul; the change of number in the mention of the enemies is very common in the Psalms relating to these trials, whether it be that the poet has one enemy κατ ̓ ἐξοχήν before his mind or comprehends them all in one. Even the lxx renders καὶ κατέκαμψαν τὴν ψυχὴν μου, it is true, as though it were וכפפו, but can scarcely have read it thus. This line is still remarkable; one would expect for Psalm 57:7 a thought parallel with Psalm 57:7, and perhaps the poet wrote כפף נפשׁו, his (the net-layer's) own soul bends (viz., in order to fall into the net). Then כפף like נפל would be praet. confidentiae. In this certainty, to express which the music here becomes triumphantly forte, David's heart is confident, cheerful (Symmachus ἐδραία), and a powerful inward impulse urges him to song and harp. Although נכון may signify ready, equipped (Exodus 34:2; Job 12:5), yet this meaning is to be rejected here in view of Psalm 51:12, Psalm 78:37, Psalm 112:7 : it is not appropriate to the emphatic repetition of the word. His evening mood which found expression in Psalm 57:4, was hope of victory; the morning mood into which David here transports himself, is certainty of victory. He calls upon his soul to awake (כּבודי as in Psalm 16:9; Psalm 30:13), he calls upon harp and cithern to awake (הנּבל וכנּור with one article that avails for both words, as in Jeremiah 29:3; Nehemiah 1:5; and עוּרה with the accent on the ultima on account of the coming together of two aspirates), from which he has not parted even though a fugitive; with the music of stringed instruments and with song he will awake the not yet risen dawn, the sun still slumbering in its chamber: אעירה, expergefaciam (not expergiscar), as e.g., in Sol 2:7, and as Ovid (Metam. xi. 597) says of the cock, evocat auroram.

(Note: With reference to the above passage in the Psalms, the Talmud, B. Berachoth 3b, says, "A cithern used to hang above David's bed; and when midnight came, the north wind blew among the strings, so that they sounded of themselves; and forthwith he arose and busied himself with the Tra until the pillar of the dawn (עמוד השׁחר) ascended." Rashi observes, "The dawn awakes the other kings; but I, said David, will awake the dawn (אני מעורר את השׁחר).")

His song of praise, however, shall not resound in a narrow space where it is scarcely heard; he will step forth as the evangelist of his deliverance and of his Deliverer in the world of nations (בעמּים; and the parallel word, as also in Psalm 108:4; Psalm 149:7, is to be written בּלעמּים with Lamed raphatum and Metheg before it); his vocation extends beyond Israel, and the events of his life are to be for the benefit of mankind. Here we perceive the self-consciousness of a comprehensive mission, which accompanied David from the beginning to the end of his royal career (vid., Psalm 18:50). What is expressed in v. 11 is both motive and theme of the discourse among the peoples, viz., God's mercy and truth which soar high as the heavens (Psalm 36:6). That they extend even to the heavens is only an earthly conception of their infinity (cf. Ephesians 3:18). In the refrain, v. 12, which only differs in one letter from Psalm 57:6, the Psalm comes back to the language of prayer. Heaven and earth have a mutually involved history, and the blessed, glorious end of this history is the sunrise of the divine doxa over both, here prayed for.

Psalm 58:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

in heart

Psalm 21:11 For they intended evil against you: they imagined a mischievous device, which they are not able to perform.

Ecclesiastes 3:16 And moreover I saw under the sun the place of judgment, that wickedness was there; and the place of righteousness...

Isaiah 59:4-6 None calls for justice, nor any pleads for truth: they trust in vanity, and speak lies; they conceive mischief...

Jeremiah 22:16,17 He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then it was well with him: was not this to know me? said the LORD...

Ezekiel 22:12,27 In you have they taken gifts to shed blood; you have taken usury and increase...

Micah 3:1-3,9-12 And I said, Hear, I pray you, O heads of Jacob, and you princes of the house of Israel; Is it not for you to know judgment...

John 11:47-53 Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and said, What do we? for this man does many miracles...

weigh

Psalm 94:20 Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with you, which frames mischief by a law?

Isaiah 10:1 Woe to them that decree unrighteous decrees, and that write grievousness which they have prescribed;

Isaiah 26:7 The way of the just is uprightness: you, most upright, do weigh the path of the just.

Cross References
Psalm 94:20
Can wicked rulers be allied with you, those who frame injustice by statute?

Isaiah 10:1
Woe to those who decree iniquitous decrees, and the writers who keep writing oppression,

Micah 3:9
Hear this, you heads of the house of Jacob and rulers of the house of Israel, who detest justice and make crooked all that is straight,

Habakkuk 1:4
So the law is paralyzed, and justice never goes forth. For the wicked surround the righteous; so justice goes forth perverted.

Malachi 3:15
And now we call the arrogant blessed. Evildoers not only prosper but they put God to the test and they escape.'"

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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