Psalm 56:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Be gracious to me, O God, for man tramples on me; all day long an attacker oppresses me;

King James Bible
To the chief Musician upon Jonathelemrechokim, Michtam of David, when the Philistines took him in Gath. Be merciful unto me, O God: for man would swallow me up; he fighting daily oppresseth me.

American Standard Version
Be merciful unto me, O God; for man would swallow me up: All the day long he fighting oppresseth me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Unto the end, for a people that is removed at a distance from the sanctuary for David, for an inscription of a title (or pillar ) when the Philistines held him in Geth. Have mercy on me, O God, for man hath trodden me under foot; all the day long he hath afflicted me fighting against me.

English Revised Version
For the Chief Musician; set to Jonath elem rehokim. A Psalm of David: Michtam: when the Philistines took him in Gath. Be merciful unto me, O God; for man would swallow me up: all the day long he fighting oppresseth me.

Webster's Bible Translation
To the chief Musician upon Jonathelem-rechokim, Michtam of David, when the Philistines took him in Gath. Be merciful to me, O God: for man would swallow me up; he fighting daily oppresseth me.

Psalm 56:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In the third group confidence prevails, the tone that is struck up in Psalm 55:17 being carried forward. Evening morning, and noon, as the beginning, middle, and close of the day, denote the day in its whole compass or extent: David thus gives expression to the incessancy with which he is determined to lay before God, both in the quiet of his spirit and in louder utterances, whatsoever moves him. The fut. consec. ויּשׁמע connects the hearing (answer) with the prayer as its inevitable result. Also in the praet. פּדה expression is given to the certainty of faith; and בּשׁלום side by side with it denotes, with the same pregnancy of meaning as in Psalm 118:5, the state of undisturbed outward and inward safety and prosperity, into which God removes his soul when He rescues him. If we read mi-kerob, then קרב is, as the ancient versions regard it, the infinitive: ne appropinquent mihi; whereas since the time of J. H. Michaelis the preference has been given to the pronunciation mi-kerāb: a conflictu mihi sc. parato, in which case it would be pointed מקּרב־ (with Metheg), whilst the MSS, in order to guard against the reading with ā, point it מקּרב־. Hitzig is right when he observes, that after the negative מן the infinitive is indicated beforehand, and that לי equals עלי, Psalm 27:2, is better suited to this. Moreover, the confirmatory clause Psalm 55:19 is connected with what precedes in a manner less liable to be misunderstood if מקרב is taken as infinitive: that they may not be able to gain any advantage over me, cannot come near me to harm me (Psalm 91:10). For it is not until now less precarious to take the enemies as the subject of היוּ, and to take עמּדי in a hostile sense, as in Job 10:17; Job 13:19; Job 23:6; Job 31:13, cf. עם Psalm 94:16, and this is only possible where the connection suggests this sense. Heidenheim's interpretation: among the magnates were those who succoured me (viz., Hushai, Zadok, and Abiathar, by whom the counsel of Athithopel was frustrated), does not give a thought characteristic of the Psalms. And with Aben-Ezra, who follows Numeri Rabba 294a, to think of the assistance of angels in connection with בּרבּים, certainly strongly commends itself in view of 2 Kings 6:16 (with which Hitzig also compares 2 Chronicles 32:7); here, however, it has no connection, whereas the thought, "as many (consisting of many) are they with me, i.e., do they come forward and fight with me," is very loosely attached to what has gone before. The Beth essentiae serves here, as it does frequently, e.g., Psalm 39:7, to denote the qualification of the subject. The preterite of confidence is followed in Psalm 55:20 by the future of hope. Although side by side with שׁמע, ענה presumptively has the signification to answer, i.e., to be assured of the prayer being heard, yet this meaning is in this instance excluded by the fact that the enemies are the object, as is required by Psalm 55:20 (even if Psalm 55:19 is understood of those who are on the side of the poet). The rendering of the lxx: εἰσακούσεται ὁ Θεὸς καὶ ταπεινώσει αὐτοὺς ὁ ὑπάρχων πρὸ τῶν αἰώνων, is appropriate, but requires the pronunciation to be ויעשנּם, since the signification to bow down, to humble, cannot be proved to belong either to Kal or Hiphil. But even granted that יענם might, according to 1 Kings 8:35 (vid., Keil), signify ταπεινώσει αὐτοὺς, it is nevertheless difficult to believe that ויענם is not intended to have a meaning correlative with ישׁמע, of which it is the continuation. Saadia has explained יענם in a manner worthy of attention, as being for יענה בם, he will testify against them; an interpretation which Aben-Ezra endorses. Hengstenberg's is better: "God will hear (the tumult of the enemies) and answer them (judicially)." The original text may have been ויענמו ישׁב קדם. But as it now stands, וישׁב קדם represents a subordinate clause, with the omission of the הוּא, pledging that judicial response: since He it is who sitteth enthroned from earliest times (vid., on Psalm 7:10). The bold expression ישׁב קדם is an abbreviation of the view of God expressed in Psalm 74:12, Habakkuk 1:12, cf. Deuteronomy 33:27, as of Him who from primeval days down to the present sits enthroned as King and Judge, who therefore will be able even at the present time to maintain His majesty, which is assailed in the person of His anointed one.

Psalm 56:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

2942 B.C.

1062 (Title.) upon Konath-elem-rechokim. Or, as it may be rendered, `concerning the dumb dove, (or oppressed band) in distant places, `i.e, David, or his companions: though some consider it as the name of a tune, and others a musical instrument. Michtam, or, a golden Psalm

Psalm 16:1 Preserve me, O God: for in you do I put my trust.

Psalm 57:1 Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me: for my soul trusts in you: yes, in the shadow of your wings will I make my refuge...

Psalm 58:1 Do you indeed speak righteousness, O congregation? do you judge uprightly, O you sons of men?

Psalm 59:1 Deliver me from my enemies, O my God: defend me from them that rise up against me.

Psalm 60:1 O God, you have cast us off, you have scattered us, you have been displeased; O turn yourself to us again.

when

1 Samuel 21:11-15 And the servants of Achish said to him, Is not this David the king of the land? did they not sing one to another of him in dances...

1 Samuel 29:4 And the princes of the Philistines were wroth with him; and the princes of the Philistines said to him, Make this fellow return...

Be

Psalm 31:9 Have mercy on me, O LORD, for I am in trouble: my eye is consumed with grief, yes, my soul and my belly.

Psalm 57:1-3 Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me: for my soul trusts in you: yes, in the shadow of your wings will I make my refuge...

Psalm 59:10 The God of my mercy shall prevent me: God shall let me see my desire on my enemies.

Psalm 69:13-16 But as for me, my prayer is to you, O LORD, in an acceptable time: O God, in the multitude of your mercy hear me...

Psalm 136:10,15,17-20 To him that smote Egypt in their firstborn: for his mercy endures for ever...

Psalm 143:12 And of your mercy cut off my enemies, and destroy all them that afflict my soul: for I am your servant.

swallow

Psalm 21:9 You shall make them as a fiery oven in the time of your anger: the LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath...

Psalm 27:2 When the wicked, even my enemies and my foes, came on me to eat up my flesh, they stumbled and fell.

Psalm 35:25 Let them not say in their hearts, Ah, so would we have it: let them not say, We have swallowed him up.

Psalm 57:3 He shall send from heaven, and save me from the reproach of him that would swallow me up. Selah...

Psalm 106:17 The earth opened and swallowed up Dathan and covered the company of Abiram.

Psalm 124:3 Then they had swallowed us up quick, when their wrath was kindled against us:

Proverbs 1:12 Let us swallow them up alive as the grave; and whole, as those that go down into the pit:

Lamentations 2:2,5,16 The LORD has swallowed up all the habitations of Jacob, and has not pitied...

Hosea 8:8 Israel is swallowed up: now shall they be among the Gentiles as a vessel wherein is no pleasure.

1 Corinthians 15:54 So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality...

Cross References
1 Samuel 21:10
And David rose and fled that day from Saul and went to Achish the king of Gath.

1 Samuel 21:11
And the servants of Achish said to him, "Is not this David the king of the land? Did they not sing to one another of him in dances, 'Saul has struck down his thousands, and David his ten thousands'?"

Psalm 17:9
from the wicked who do me violence, my deadly enemies who surround me.

Psalm 35:25
Let them not say in their hearts, "Aha, our heart's desire!" Let them not say, "We have swallowed him up."

Psalm 57:3
He will send from heaven and save me; he will put to shame him who tramples on me. Selah God will send out his steadfast love and his faithfulness!

Psalm 119:58
I entreat your favor with all my heart; be gracious to me according to your promise.

Psalm 124:3
then they would have swallowed us up alive, when their anger was kindled against us;

Jump to Previous
Attacks Chief Choirmaster Daily David Director Distant Dove Far-Off Fighting Gath Gracious Lands Merciful Michtam Miktam Miktamwhen Music Musician Oaks Oppress Oppresses Philistines Poem Psalm Seized Silent Swallow Terebinths Trample Trampled Tune Wants
Jump to Next
Attacks Chief Choirmaster Daily David Director Distant Dove Far-Off Fighting Gath Gracious Lands Merciful Michtam Miktam Miktamwhen Music Musician Oaks Oppress Oppresses Philistines Poem Psalm Seized Silent Swallow Terebinths Trample Trampled Tune Wants
Links
Psalm 56:1 NIV
Psalm 56:1 NLT
Psalm 56:1 ESV
Psalm 56:1 NASB
Psalm 56:1 KJV

Psalm 56:1 Bible Apps
Psalm 56:1 Biblia Paralela
Psalm 56:1 Chinese Bible
Psalm 56:1 French Bible
Psalm 56:1 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Psalm 55:23
Top of Page
Top of Page