Psalm 52:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“See the man who would not make God his refuge, but trusted in the abundance of his riches and sought refuge in his own destruction!”

King James Bible
Lo, this is the man that made not God his strength; but trusted in the abundance of his riches, and strengthened himself in his wickedness.

American Standard Version
Lo, this is the man that made not God his strength, But trusted in the abundance of his riches, And strengthened himself in his wickedness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Behold the man that made not God his helper: But trusted in the abundance of his riches: and prevailed in his vanity.

English Revised Version
Lo, this is the man that made not God his strength; but trusted in the abundance of his riches, and strengthened himself in his wickedness.

Webster's Bible Translation
Lo, this is the man that made not God his strength; but trusted in the abundance of his riches, and strengthened himself in his wickedness.

Psalm 52:7 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

It is bad enough to behave wickedly, but bad in the extreme to boast of it at the same time as an heroic act. Doeg, who causes a massacre, not, however, by the strength of his hand, but by the cunning of his tongue, does this. Hence he is sarcastically called גּבּור (cf. Isaiah 5:22). David's cause, however, is not therefore lost; for it is the cause of God, whose loving-kindness endures continually, without allowing itself to be affected, like the favour of men, by calumny. Concerning הוּות vid., on Psalm 5:10. לשׁון is as usual treated as fem; עשׂה רמיּה (according to the Masora with Tsere) is consequently addressed to a person. In Psalm 52:5 רע after אהבתּ has the Dagesh that is usual also in other instances according to the rule of the אתי מרחיק, especially in connection with the letters כפתבגד (with which Resh is associated in the Book of Jezira, Michlol 96b, cf. 63b).

(Note: אתי מרחיק is the name by which the national grammarians designate a group of two words, of which the first, ending with Kametz or Segol, has the accent on the penult., and of which the second is a monosyllable, or likewise is accented on the penult. The initial consonant of the second word in this case receives a Dagesh, in order that it may not, in consequence of the first ictus of the group of words "coming out of the distance," i.e., being far removed, be too feebly and indistinctly uttered. This dageshing, however, only takes place when the first word is already of itself Milel, or at least, as e.g., מצאה בּית, had a half-accented penult., and not when it is from the very first Milra and is only become Milel by means of the retreating of the accent, as עשׂה פלא, Psalm 78:12, cf. Deuteronomy 24:1. The penultima-accent has a greater lengthening force in the former case than in the latter; the following syllables are therefore uttered more rapidly in the first case, and the Dagesh is intended to guard against the third syllable being too hastily combined with the second. Concerning the rule, vid., Baer's Thorath Emeth, p. 29f.)

The מן or מטּוב and מדּבּר is not meant to affirm that he loves good, etc., less than evil, etc., but that he does not love it at all (cf. Psalm 118:8., Habakkuk 2:16). The music which comes in after Psalm 52:5 has to continue the accusations con amarezza without words. Then in Psalm 52:6 the singing again takes them up, by addressing the adversary with the words "thou tongue of deceit" (cf. Psalm 120:3), and by reproaching him with loving only such utterances as swallow up, i.e., destroy without leaving a trace behind (בּלע, pausal form of בלע, like בּצע in Psalm 119:36, cf. the verb in Psalm 35:25, 2 Samuel 17:16; 2 Samuel 20:19.), his neighbour's life and honour and goods. Hupfeld takes Psalm 52:6 as a second object; but the figurative and weaker expression would then follow the unfigurative and stronger one, and "to love a deceitful tongue" might be said with reference to this character of tongue as belonging to another person, not with reference to his own.

Psalm 52:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Lo

Isaiah 14:16,17 They that see you shall narrowly look on you, and consider you, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble...

John 19:5 Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate said to them, Behold the man!

made

Psalm 146:3-5 Put not your trust in princes, nor in the son of man, in whom there is no help...

Jeremiah 17:5 Thus said the LORD; Cursed be the man that trusts in man, and makes flesh his arm, and whose heart departs from the LORD.

trusted

Psalm 49:6 They that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude of their riches;

Psalm 62:9,10 Surely men of low degree are vanity, and men of high degree are a lie: to be laid in the balance...

Job 31:24,25 If I have made gold my hope, or have said to the fine gold, You are my confidence...

1 Timothy 6:17 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not high minded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God...

strengthened

Psalm 73:7,11,18-20 Their eyes stand out with fatness: they have more than heart could wish...

Ecclesiastes 8:8 There is no man that has power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither has he power in the day of death...

Hosea 12:7,8 He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loves to oppress...

wickedness. or, substance

Cross References
Psalm 10:5
His ways prosper at all times; your judgments are on high, out of his sight; as for all his foes, he puffs at them.

Psalm 10:6
He says in his heart, "I shall not be moved; throughout all generations I shall not meet adversity."

Psalm 49:6
those who trust in their wealth and boast of the abundance of their riches?

Psalm 62:10
Put no trust in extortion; set no vain hopes on robbery; if riches increase, set not your heart on them.

Psalm 73:12
Behold, these are the wicked; always at ease, they increase in riches.

Proverbs 10:15
A rich man's wealth is his strong city; the poverty of the poor is their ruin.

Isaiah 47:10
You felt secure in your wickedness; you said, "No one sees me"; your wisdom and your knowledge led you astray, and you said in your heart, "I am, and there is no one besides me."

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