Psalm 50:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I know all the birds of the hills, and all that moves in the field is mine.

King James Bible
I know all the fowls of the mountains: and the wild beasts of the field are mine.

American Standard Version
I know all the birds of the mountains; And the wild beasts of the field are mine.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I know all the fowls of the air: and with me is the beauty of the field.

English Revised Version
I know all the fowls of the mountains: and the wild beasts of the field are mine.

Webster's Bible Translation
I know all the fowls of the mountains: and the wild beasts of the field are mine.

Psalm 50:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The judgment scene. To the heavens above (מעל, elsewhere a preposition, here, as in Genesis 27:39; Genesis 49:25, an adverb, desuper, superne) and to the earth God calls (קרא אל, as, e.g., Genesis 28:1), to both לדין עמּו, in order to sit in judgment upon His people in their presence, and with them as witnesses of His doings. Or is it not that they are summoned to attend, but that the commission, Psalm 50:5, is addressed to them (Olshausen, Hitzig)? Certainly not, for the act of gathering is not one that properly belongs to the heavens and the earth, which, however, because they exist from the beginning and will last for ever, are suited to be witnesses (Deuteronomy 4:26; Deuteronomy 32:1; Isaiah 1:2, 1 Macc. 2:37). The summons אספוּ is addressed, as in Matthew 24:31, and frequently in visions, to the celestial spirits, the servants of the God here appearing. The accused who are to be brought before the divine tribunal are mentioned by names which, without their state of mind and heart corresponding to them, express the relationship to Himself in which God has placed them (cf. Deuteronomy 32:15; Isaiah 42:19). They are called חסידים, as in the Asaph Psalm 79:2. This contradiction between their relationship and their conduct makes an undesigned but bitter irony. In a covenant relationship, consecrated and ratified by a covenant sacrifice (עלי־זבח similar to Psalm 92:4; Psalm 10:10), has God placed Himself towards them (Exodus 24); and this covenant relationship is also maintained on their part by offering sacrifices as an expression of their obedience and of their fidelity. The participle כּרתי here implies the constant continuance of that primary covenant-making. Now, while the accused are gathered up, the poet hears the heavens solemnly acknowledge the righteousness of the Judge beforehand. The participial construction שׁפט הוּא, which always, according to the connection, expresses the present (Nahum 1:2), or the past (Judges 4:4), or the future (Jeremiah 25:31), is in this instance an expression of that which is near at hand (fut. instans). הוּא has not the sense of ipse (Ew. 314, a), for it corresponds to the "I" in אני שׁפט or הנני שׁפט; and כּי is not to be translated by nam (Hitzig), for the fact that God intends to judge requires no further announcement. On the contrary, because God is just now in the act of sitting in judgment, the heavens, the witnesses most prominent and nearest to Him, bear witness to His righteousness. The earthly music, as the סלה directs, is here to join in with the celestial praise. Nothing further is now wanting to the completeness of the judgment scene; the action now begins.

Psalm 50:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

know

Psalm 104:12 By them shall the fowls of the heaven have their habitation, which sing among the branches.

Psalm 147:9 He gives to the beast his food, and to the young ravens which cry.

Genesis 1:20-22 And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that has life...

Job 38:41 Who provides for the raven his food? when his young ones cry to God, they wander for lack of meat.

Job 39:13-18,26-30 Gave you the goodly wings to the peacocks? or wings and feathers to the ostrich...

Matthew 6:26 Behold the fowls of the air: for they sow not, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feeds them...

Matthew 10:29-31 Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father...

Luke 12:24 Consider the ravens: for they neither sow nor reap; which neither have storehouse nor barn; and God feeds them...

wild

Isaiah 56:9 All you beasts of the field, come to devour, yes, all you beasts in the forest.

Ezekiel 14:15,16 If I cause noisome beasts to pass through the land, and they spoil it, so that it be desolate...

mine [heb.] with me

Cross References
Matthew 6:26
Look at the birds of the air: they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of more value than they?

Daniel 2:38
and into whose hand he has given, wherever they dwell, the children of man, the beasts of the field, and the birds of the heavens, making you rule over them all--you are the head of gold.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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