Psalm 45:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
In place of your fathers shall be your sons; you will make them princes in all the earth.

King James Bible
Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children, whom thou mayest make princes in all the earth.

American Standard Version
Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children, Whom thou shalt make princes in all the earth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Instead of thy fathers, sons are born to thee: thou shalt make them princes over all the earth.

English Revised Version
Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children, whom thou shalt make princes in all the earth.

Webster's Bible Translation
Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children, whom thou mayest make princes in all the earth.

Psalm 45:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 45:11-13) The poet next turns to address the one bride of the king, who is now honoured far above the kings' daughters. With שׁמעי he implores for himself a hearing; by ראי yb ;gni he directs her eye towards the new relationship into which she is just entering; by הטּי אזנך he bespeaks her attention to the exhortation that follows; by בּת he puts himself in a position in relation to her similar to that which the teacher and preacher occupies who addresses the bridal pair at the altar. She is to forget her people and her father's house, to sever her natural, inherited, and customary relationships of life, both as regards outward form and inward affections; and should the king desire her beauty, to which he has a right, - for he, as being her husband (1 Peter 3:6), and more especially as being king, is her lord, - she is to show towards him her profoundest, reverent devotion. ויתאו is a hypothetical protasis according to Ges. 128, 2, c. The reward of this willing submission is the universal homage of the nations. It cannot be denied on the ground of syntax that וּבת־צר admits of being rendered "and O daughter of Tyre" (Hitzig), - a rendering which would also give additional support to our historical interpretation of the Psalm, - although, apart from the one insecure passage, Jeremiah 20:12 (Ew. 340, c), there is no instance to be found in which a vocative with ו occurs (Proverbs 8:5; Joel 2:23; Isaiah 44:21), when another vocative has not already preceded it. But to what purpose would be, in this particular instance, this apostrophe with the words בּת־צר, from which it looks as though she were indebted to her ancestral house, and not to the king whose own she is become, for the acts of homage which are prospectively set before her? Such, however, is not the case; "daughter of Tyre" is a subject-notion, which can all the more readily be followed by the predicate in the plural, since it stands first almost like a nomin. absol. The daughter, i.e., the population of Tyre - approaching with presents shall they court (lit., stroke) thy face, i.e., meeting thee bringing love, they shall seek to propitiate thy love towards themselves. (פּני) חלּה corresponds to the Latin mulcere in the sense of delenire; for חלה, Arab. ḥlâ (root חל, whence חלל, Arab. ḥll, solvit, laxavit), means properly to be soft and tender, of taste to be sweet (in another direction: to be lax, weak, sick); the Piel consequently means to soften, conciliate, to make gentle that which is austere. Tyre, however, is named only by way of example; עשׁירי עם is not an apposition, but a continuation of the subject: not only Tyre, but in general those who are the richest among each separate people or nation. Just as אביוני אדם (Isaiah 29:19) are the poorest of mankind, so עשׁירי עם are the richest among the peoples of the earth.

As regards the meaning which the congregation or church has to assign to the whole passage, the correct paraphrase of the words "and forget thy people" is to be found even in the Targum: "Forget the evil deeds of the ungodly among thy people, and the house of the idols which thou hast served in the house of thy father." It is not indeed the hardened mass of Israel which enters into such a loving relationship to God and to His Christ, but, as prophecy from Deuteronomy 32 onward declares, a remnant thoroughly purged by desolating and sifting judgments and rescued, which, in order to belong wholly to Christ, and to become the holy seed of a better future (Isaiah 6:13), must cut asunder all bonds of connection with the stiff-neckedly unbelieving people and paternal house, and in like manner to Abram secede from them. This church of the future is fair; for she is expiated (Deuteronomy 32:43), washed (Isaiah 4:4), and adorned (Isaiah 61:3) by her God. And if she does homage to Him, without looking back, He not only remains her own, but in Him everything that is glorious belonging to the world also becomes her own. Highly honoured by the King of kings, she is the queen among the daughters of kings, to whom Tyre and the richest among peoples of every order are zealous to express their loving and joyful recognition. Very similar language to that used here of the favoured church of the Messiah is used in Psalm 72:10. of the Messiah Himself.

Psalm 45:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Instead

Psalm 22:30 A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation.

Matthew 19:29 And every one that has forsaken houses, or brothers, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children...

Mark 10:29,30 And Jesus answered and said, Truly I say to you, There is no man that has left house, or brothers, or sisters, or father, or mother...

Philippians 3:7,8 But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ...

children

Isaiah 49:21,22 Then shall you say in your heart, Who has begotten me these, seeing I have lost my children, and am desolate, a captive...

Isaiah 54:1-5 Sing, O barren, you that did not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, you that did not travail with child...

Isaiah 60:1-5 Arise, shine; for your light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen on you...

Galatians 4:26,27 But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all...

princes

1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people...

Revelation 1:6 And has made us kings and priests to God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

Revelation 5:10 And have made us to our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.

Revelation 20:6 Blessed and holy is he that has part in the first resurrection: on such the second death has no power...

Cross References
Psalm 45:15
With joy and gladness they are led along as they enter the palace of the king.

Psalm 45:17
I will cause your name to be remembered in all generations; therefore nations will praise you forever and ever.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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