Psalm 40:6
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
In sacrifice and offering you have not delighted, but you have given me an open ear. Burnt offering and sin offering you have not required.

King James Bible
Sacrifice and offering thou didst not desire; mine ears hast thou opened: burnt offering and sin offering hast thou not required.

American Standard Version
Sacrifice and offering thou hast no delight in; Mine ears hast thou opened: Burnt-offering and sin-offering hast thou not required.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Sacrifice and oblation thou didst not desire; but thou hast pierced ears for me. Burnt offering and sin offering thou didst not require :

English Revised Version
Sacrifice and offering thou hast no delight in; mine ears hast thou opened: burnt offering and sin offering hast thou not required.

Webster's Bible Translation
Sacrifice and offering thou didst not desire; my ears hast thou opened: burnt-offering and sin-offering hast thou not required.

Psalm 40:6 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 39:13-14) Finally, the poet renews the prayer for an alleviation of his sufferings, basing it upon the shortness of the earthly pilgrimage. The urgent שׁמעה is here fuller toned, being שׁמעה.

(Note: So Heidenheim and Baer, following Abulwald, Efodi, and Mose ha-Nakdan. The Masoretic observation לית קמץ חטף, "only here with Kametzchateph," is found appended in codices. This Chatephkametz is euphonic, as in לקחה, Genesis 2:23, and in many other instances that are obliterated in our editions, vid., Abulwald, חרקמה ס, p. 198, where even מטּהרו equals מטּהרו, Psalm 89:45, is cited among these examples (Ges. 10, 2rem.).)

Side by side with the language of prayer, tears even appear here as prayer that is intelligible to God; for when the gates of prayer seem to be closed, the gates of tears still remain unclosed (שׁערי דמעות לא ננעלו), B. Berachoth 32b. As a reason for his being heard, David appeals to the instability and finite character of this earthly life in language which we also hear from his own lips in 1 Chronicles 29:15. גּר is the stranger who travels about and sojourns as a guest in a country that is not his native land; תּושׁב is a sojourner, or one enjoying the protection of the laws, who, without possessing any hereditary title, has settled down there, and to whom a settlement is allotted by sufferance. The earth is God's; that which may be said of the Holy Land (Leviticus 25:23) may be said of the whole earth; man has no right upon it, he only remains there so long as God permits him. כּכל־אבותי glances back even to the patriarchs (Genesis 47:9, cf. Psalm 23:4). Israel is, it is true, at the present time in possession of a fixed dwelling-place, but only as the gift of his God, and for each individual it is only during his life, which is but a handbreadth long. May Jahve, then - so David prays - turn away His look of wrath from him, in order that he may shine forth, become cheerful or clear up, before he goes hence and it is too late. השׁע is imper. apoc. Hiph. for השׁעה (in the signification of Kal), and ought, according to the form הרב, properly to be השׁע; it is, however, pointed just like the imper. Hiph. of שׁעע in Isaiah 6:10, without any necessity for explaining it as meaning obline (oculos tuos) equals connive (Abulwald), which would be an expression unworthy of God. It is on the contrary to be rendered: look away from me; on which compare Job 7:19; Job 14:6; on אבליגה cf. ib. Job 10:20; Job 9:27; on אלך בּטרם, ib.Job 10:21; on ואיננּי, ib. Job 7:8, Job 7:21. The close of the Psalm, consequently, is re-echoed in many ways in the Book of Job The Book of Job is occupied with the same riddle as that with which this Psalm is occupied. But in the solution of it, it advances a step further. David does not know how to disassociate in his mind sin and suffering, and wrath and suffering. The Book of Job, on the contrary, thinks of suffering and love together; and in the truth that suffering also, even though it be unto death, must serve the highest interests of those who love God, it possesses a satisfactory solution.

Psalm 40:6 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Sacrifice

Psalm 50:8 I will not reprove you for your sacrifices or your burnt offerings, to have been continually before me.

Psalm 51:16 For you desire not sacrifice; else would I give it: you delight not in burnt offering.

1 Samuel 15:22 And Samuel said, Has the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold...

Isaiah 1:11 To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices to me? said the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams...

Isaiah 66:3 He that kills an ox is as if he slew a man; he that sacrifices a lamb, as if he cut off a dog's neck; he that offers an oblation...

Jeremiah 7:21-23 Thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Put your burnt offerings to your sacrifices, and eat flesh...

Hosea 6:6 For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.

Matthew 9:13 But go you and learn what that means, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the righteous...

Matthew 12:7 But if you had known what this means, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, you would not have condemned the guiltless.

Hebrews 10:5-12 Why when he comes into the world, he said, Sacrifice and offering you would not, but a body have you prepared me...

mine ears

Exodus 21:6 Then his master shall bring him to the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or to the door post...

Job 33:16 Then he opens the ears of men, and seals their instruction,

Isaiah 50:4,5 The Lord GOD has given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is weary...

opened [heb.] digged

Cross References
Hebrews 10:5
Consequently, when Christ came into the world, he said, "Sacrifices and offerings you have not desired, but a body have you prepared for me;

Hebrews 10:6
in burnt offerings and sin offerings you have taken no pleasure.

Hebrews 10:8
When he said above, "You have neither desired nor taken pleasure in sacrifices and offerings and burnt offerings and sin offerings" (these are offered according to the law),

1 Samuel 15:22
And Samuel said, "Has the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to listen than the fat of rams.

Psalm 40:7
Then I said, "Behold, I have come; in the scroll of the book it is written of me:

Psalm 50:8
Not for your sacrifices do I rebuke you; your burnt offerings are continually before me.

Psalm 51:16
For you will not delight in sacrifice, or I would give it; you will not be pleased with a burnt offering.

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Beasts Burned Burnt Burnt-Offering Delight Demanded Desire Desired Ear Ears Earth Fruits Meal Meal-Offering Oblation Offering Offerings Open Opened Pierced Prepared Present Request Require Required Sacrifice Sin Sin-Offering
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Beasts Burned Burnt Burnt-Offering Delight Demanded Desire Desired Ear Ears Earth Fruits Meal Meal-Offering Oblation Offering Offerings Open Opened Pierced Prepared Present Request Require Required Sacrifice Sin Sin-Offering
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