Psalm 4:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness! You have given me relief when I was in distress. Be gracious to me and hear my prayer!

King James Bible
To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm of David. Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer.

American Standard Version
Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness; Thou hast set me at large when I was in distress: Have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Unto the end, in verses. A psalm of David. When I called upon him, the God of my justice heard me: when I was in distress, thou hast enlarged me. Have mercy on me: and hear my prayer.

English Revised Version
For the Chief Musician; on stringed instruments. A Psalm of David. Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness; thou hast set me at large when I was in distress: have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer.

Webster's Bible Translation
To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm of David. Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer.

Psalm 4:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 3:4-5) But cleansed by penitence he stands in a totally different relationship to God and God to him from that which men suppose. Every hour he has reason to fear some overwhelming attack but Jahve is the shield which covers him behind and before (בּעד constr. of בּעד equals Arab. ba‛da, prop. pone, post). His kingdom is taken from him, but Jahve is his glory. With covered head and dejected countenance he ascended the Mount of Olives (2 Samuel 15:30), but Jahve is the "lifter up of his head," inasmuch as He comforts and helps him. The primary passage of this believing utterance "God is a shield" is Genesis 15:1 (cf. Deuteronomy 33:29). Very far from praying in vain, he is assured, that when he prays his prayer will be heard and answered. The rendering "I cried and He answered me" is erroneous here where אקרא does not stand in an historical connection. The future of sequence does not require it, as is evident from Psalm 55:17. (comp. on Psalm 120:1); it is only an expression of confidence in the answer on God's part, which will follow his prayer. In constructions like קולי אקרא, Hitzig and Hupfeld regard קולי as the narrower subject-notion beside the more general one (as Psalm 44:3; Psalm 69:11; Psalm 83:19): my voice - I cried; but the position of the words is not favourable to this in the passage before us and in Psalm 17:10; Psalm 27:7; Psalm 57:5; Psalm 66:17; Psalm 142:2, Isaiah 36:9, though it may be in Psalm 69:11; Psalm 108:2. According to Ew. 281, c, קולי is an accusative of more precise definition, as without doubt in Isaiah 10:30 cf. Psalm 60:7; Psalm 17:13.; the cry is thereby described as a loud cry.

(Note: Bttcher, Collectanea pp. 166f., also adopts the view, that נפשׁי, פּי, קולי are each appositum vicarium subjecti and therefore nomin. in such passages. But 1) the fact that את never stands beside them is explained by the consideration that it is not suited to an adverbial collateral definition. And 2) that elsewhere the same notions appear as direct subjects, just as 3) that elsewhere they alternate with the verbal subject-notion in the parallel member of the verse (Psalm 130:5; Proverbs 8:4) - these last two admit of no inference. The controverted question of the syntax is, moreover, an old one and has been treated of at length by Kimchi in his Book of Roots s. r. אוה.)

To this cry, as ויּענני as being a pure mood of sequence implies, succeeds the answer, or, which better corresponds to the original meaning of ענה (comp. Arab. ‛nn, to meet, stand opposite) reply;

(Note: Vid., Redslob in his treatise: Die Integritat der Stelle Hosea 7.4-10 in Frage gestellt S. 7.)

and it comes from the place whither it was directed: מהר קדשוּ. He had removed the ark from Kirjath Jeraim to Zion. He had not taken it with him when he left Jerusalem and fled before Absolom, 2 Samuel 15:25. He was therefore separated by a hostile power from the resting-place of the divine presence. But his prayer urged its way on to the cherubim-throne; and to the answer of Him who is enthroned there, there is no separating barrier of space or created things.

Psalm 4:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

(Title) chief Musician. or, overseer.

Psalm 22:1 My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? why are you so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring?

Psalm 42:1 As the hart pants after the water brooks, so pants my soul after you, O God.

Psalm 45:1 My heart is gushing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue is the pen of a ready writer.

1 Chronicles 25:1-6 Moreover David and the captains of the host separated to the service of the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun...

Neginoth

Psalm 6:1 O LORD, rebuke me not in your anger, neither chasten me in your hot displeasure.

Psalm 67:1 God be merciful to us, and bless us; and cause his face to shine on us; Selah.

Psalm 76:1 In Judah is God known: his name is great in Israel.

Habakkuk 3:19 The LORD God is my strength, and he will make my feet like hinds' feet, and he will make me to walk on my high places...

O

Psalm 11:7 For the righteous LORD loves righteousness; his countenance does behold the upright.

Psalm 24:5 He shall receive the blessing from the LORD, and righteousness from the God of his salvation.

Psalm 41:12 And as for me, you uphold me in my integrity, and set me before your face for ever.

Isaiah 45:24 Surely, shall one say, in the LORD have I righteousness and strength: even to him shall men come...

Jeremiah 23:6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called...

1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made to us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:

2 Corinthians 5:20,21 Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ's stead, be you reconciled to God...

thou

Psalm 18:18,19 They prevented me in the day of my calamity: but the LORD was my stay...

Psalm 31:8 And have not shut me up into the hand of the enemy: you have set my feet in a large room.

Psalm 40:1-3 I waited patiently for the LORD; and he inclined to me, and heard my cry...

Psalm 116:6,16 The LORD preserves the simple: I was brought low, and he helped me...

1 Samuel 17:37 David said moreover, The LORD that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear...

1 Samuel 19:11,12 Saul also sent messengers to David's house, to watch him, and to slay him in the morning: and Michal David's wife told him, saying...

1 Samuel 23:26-28 And Saul went on this side of the mountain, and David and his men on that side of the mountain...

Job 36:16 Even so would he have removed you out of the strait into a broad place, where there is no narrow place...

2 Corinthians 1:8,10 For we would not, brothers, have you ignorant of our trouble which came to us in Asia, that we were pressed out of measure...

have mercy upon me. or, be gracious unto me

Psalm 56:1 Be merciful to me, O God: for man would swallow me up; he fighting daily oppresses me.

Psalm 57:1 Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me: for my soul trusts in you: yes, in the shadow of your wings will I make my refuge...

Psalm 86:3-5 Be merciful to me, O Lord: for I cry to you daily...

Psalm 119:75-77,132 I know, O LORD, that your judgments are right, and that you in faithfulness have afflicted me...

Psalm 143:2 And enter not into judgment with your servant: for in your sight shall no man living be justified.

Exodus 34:6,7 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering...

Cross References
Genesis 26:22
And he moved from there and dug another well, and they did not quarrel over it. So he called its name Rehoboth, saying, "For now the LORD has made room for us, and we shall be fruitful in the land."

Psalm 3:4
I cried aloud to the LORD, and he answered me from his holy hill. Selah

Psalm 17:6
I call upon you, for you will answer me, O God; incline your ear to me; hear my words.

Psalm 18:6
In my distress I called upon the LORD; to my God I cried for help. From his temple he heard my voice, and my cry to him reached his ears.

Psalm 18:18
They confronted me in the day of my calamity, but the LORD was my support.

Psalm 18:19
He brought me out into a broad place; he rescued me, because he delighted in me.

Psalm 25:16
Turn to me and be gracious to me, for I am lonely and afflicted.

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