Psalm 39:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
When you discipline a man with rebukes for sin, you consume like a moth what is dear to him; surely all mankind is a mere breath! Selah

King James Bible
When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely every man is vanity. Selah.

American Standard Version
When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, Thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth: Surely every man is vanity. Selah

Douay-Rheims Bible
thou hast corrected man for iniquity. And thou hast made his soul to waste away like a spider : surely in vain is any man disquieted.

English Revised Version
When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely every man is vanity. Selah

Webster's Bible Translation
When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely every man is vanity. Selah.

Psalm 39:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 39:5-7) He prays God to set the transitoriness of earthly life clearly before his eyes (cf. Psalm 90:12); for if life is only a few spans long, then even his suffering and the prosperity of the ungodly will last only a short time. Oh that God would then grant him to know his end (Job 6:11), i.e., the end of his life, which is at the same time the end of his affliction, and the measure of his days, how it is with this (מה, interrog. extenuantis, as in Psalm 8:5), in order that he may become fully conscious of his own frailty! Hupfeld corrects the text to אני מה־חלד, after the analogy of Psalm 89:48, because חדל cannot signify "frail." But חדל signifies that which leaves off and ceases, and consequently in this connection, finite and transitory or frail. מה, quam, in connection with an adjective, as in Psalm 8:2; Psalm 31:20; Psalm 36:8; Psalm 66:3; Psalm 133:1. By הן (the customary form of introducing the propositio minor, Leviticus 10:18; Leviticus 25:20) the preceding petition is supported. God has, indeed, made the days, i.e., the lifetime, of a man טפחות, handbreadths, i.e., He has allotted to it only the short extension of a few handbreadths (cf. ימים, a few days, e.g., Isaiah 65:20), of which nine make a yard (cf. πήχυιος χρόνος in Mimnermus, and 1 Samuel 20:3); the duration of human life (on חלד vid., Psalm 17:14) is as a vanishing nothing before God the eternal One. The particle אך is originally affirmative, and starting from that sense becomes restrictive; just as רק is originally restrictive and then affirmative. Sometimes also, as is commonly the case with אכן, the affirmative signification passes over into the adversative (cf. verum, verum enim vero). In our passage, agreeably to the restrictive sense, it is to be explained thus: nothing but mere nothingness (cf. Psalm 45:14; James 1:2) is every man נצּב, standing firmly, i.e., though he stand never so firmly, though he be never so stedfast (Zechariah 11:16). Here the music rises to tones of bitter lament, and the song continues in Psalm 39:7 with the same theme. צלם, belonging to the same root as צל, signifies a shadow-outline, an image; the בּ is, as in Psalm 35:2, Beth essentiae: he walks about consisting only of an unsubstantial shadow. Only הבל, breath-like, or after the manner of breath (Psalm 144:4), from empty, vain motives and with vain results, do they make a disturbance (pausal fut. energicum, as in Psalm 36:8); and he who restlessly and noisily exerts himself knows not who will suddenly snatch together, i.e., take altogether greedily to himself, the many things that he heaps up (צבר, as in Job 27:16); cf. Isaiah 33:4, and on - ām equals αὐτά, Leviticus 15:10 (in connection with which אלה הדברים, cf. Isaiah 42:16, is in the mind of the speaker).

Psalm 39:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

When

Psalm 38:1-8 O lord, rebuke me not in your wrath: neither chasten me in your hot displeasure...

Psalm 90:7-10 For we are consumed by your anger, and by your wrath are we troubled...

1 Corinthians 5:5 To deliver such an one to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.

1 Corinthians 11:30-32 For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep...

Hebrews 12:6 For whom the Lord loves he chastens, and whips every son whom he receives.

Revelation 3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

his beauty [heb.] that which is to be desired in him to melt away

Psalm 102:10,11 Because of your indignation and your wrath: for you have lifted me up, and cast me down...

Job 4:19 How much less in them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, which are crushed before the moth?

Job 13:28 And he, as a rotten thing, consumes, as a garment that is moth eaten.

Job 30:30 My skin is black on me, and my bones are burned with heat.

Isaiah 50:9 Behold, the Lord GOD will help me; who is he that shall condemn me? see, they all shall wax old as a garment...

Hosea 5:12 Therefore will I be to Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness.

surely

Psalm 39:5 Behold, you have made my days as an handbreadth; and my age is as nothing before you...

Cross References
2 Peter 2:16
but was rebuked for his own transgression; a speechless donkey spoke with human voice and restrained the prophet's madness.

Job 11:12
But a stupid man will get understanding when a wild donkey's colt is born a man!

Job 13:28
Man wastes away like a rotten thing, like a garment that is moth-eaten.

Psalm 31:10
For my life is spent with sorrow, and my years with sighing; my strength fails because of my iniquity, and my bones waste away.

Psalm 39:5
Behold, you have made my days a few handbreadths, and my lifetime is as nothing before you. Surely all mankind stands as a mere breath! Selah

Psalm 80:16
They have burned it with fire; they have cut it down; may they perish at the rebuke of your face!

Psalm 90:7
For we are brought to an end by your anger; by your wrath we are dismayed.

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