Psalm 38:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But my foes are vigorous, they are mighty, and many are those who hate me wrongfully.

King James Bible
But mine enemies are lively, and they are strong: and they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied.

American Standard Version
But mine enemies are lively, and are strong; And they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But my enemies live, and are stronger that I : and they hate me wrongfully are multiplied.

English Revised Version
But mine enemies are lively, and are strong: and they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied.

Webster's Bible Translation
But my enemies are lively, and they are strong: and they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied.

Psalm 38:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 38:10-15) Having thus bewailed his suffering before God, he goes on in a somewhat calmer tone: it is the calm of weariness, but also of the rescue which shows itself from afar. He has complained, but not as if it were necessary for him first of all to make God acquainted with his suffering; the Omniscient One is directly cognisant of (has directly before Him, נגד, like לנגד in Psalm 18:25) every wish that his suffering extorts from him, and even his softer sighing does not escape His knowledge. The sufferer does not say this so much with the view of comforting himself with this thought, as of exciting God's compassion. Hence he even goes on to draw the piteous picture of his condition: his heart is in a state of violent rotary motion, or only of violent, quickly repeated contraction and expansion (Psychol. S. 252; tr. p. 297), that is to say, a state of violent palpitation (סחרחר, Pealal according to Ges. 55, 3). Strength of which the heart is the centre (Psalm 40:13) has left him, and the light of his eyes, even of these (by attraction for גּם־הוּא, since the light of the eyes is not contrasted with anything else), is not with him, but has become lost to him by weeping, watching, and fever. Those who love him and are friendly towards him have placed themselves far from his stroke (nega`, the touch of God's hand of wrath), merely looking on (Obadiah 1:11), therefore, in a position hostile (2 Samuel 18:13) rather than friendly. מנּגד, far away, but within the range of vision, within sight, Genesis 21:16; Deuteronomy 32:52. The words וּקרובי מרחק עמדוּ, which introduce a pentastich into a Psalm that is tetrastichic throughout, have the appearance of being a gloss or various reading: מנּגד equals מרחק, 2 Kings 2:7. His enemies, however, endeavour to take advantage of his fall and helplessness, in order to give him his final death-blow. וינקּשׁוּ (with the ק dageshed)

(Note: The various reading וינקּשׁוּ in Norzi rests upon a misapprehended passage of Abulwald (Rikma, p. 166).)

describes what they have planned in consequence of the position he is in. The substance of their words is הוּות, utter destruction (vid., Psalm 5:10); to this end it is מרמות, deceit upon deceit, malice upon malice, that they unceasingly hatch with heart and mouth. In the consciousness of his sin he is obliged to be silent, and, renouncing all self-help, to abandon his cause to God. Consciousness of guilt and resignation close his lips, so that he is not able, nor does he wish, to refute the false charges of his enemies; he has no תּוכחות, counter-evidence wherewith to vindicate himself. It is not to be rendered: "just as one dumb opens not his mouth;" כ is only a preposition, not a conjunction, and it is just here, in Psalm 38:14, Psalm 38:15, that the manifest proofs in support of this are found.

(Note: The passages brought forward by Hupfeld in support of the use of כ as a conjunction, viz., Psalm 90:5; Psalm 125:1; Isaiah 53:7; Isaiah 61:11, are invalid; the passage that seems most to favour it is Obadiah 1:16, but in this instance the expression is elliptical, כּלא being equivalent to כאשׁר לא, like ללא, Isaiah 65:1, equals לאשׁר לא. It is only כּמו (Arab. kmâ) that can be used as a conjunction; but כ (Arab. k) is always a preposition in ancient Hebrew just as in Syriac and Arabic (vid., Fleischer in the Hallische Allgem. Lit. Zeitschr. 1843, Bd. iv. S. 117ff.). It is not until the mediaeval synagogal poetry (vid., Zunz, Synagogal-poesie des Mittelalters, S. 121, 381f.) that it is admissible to use it as a conjunction (e.g., כּמצא, when he had found), just as it also occurs in Himjaritic, according to Osiander's deciphering of the inscriptions. The verbal clause appended to the word to which this כ, instar, is prefixed is for the most part an attributive clause as above, but sometimes even a circumstantial clause (Arab. ḥâl), as in Psalm 38:14; cf. Sur. lxii. 5: "as the likeness of an ass carrying books.")

Psalm 38:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

But

Psalm 3:1 Lord, how are they increased that trouble me! many are they that rise up against me.

Psalm 25:19 Consider my enemies; for they are many; and they hate me with cruel hatred.

Psalm 56:1,2 Be merciful to me, O God: for man would swallow me up; he fighting daily oppresses me...

Psalm 59:1-3 Deliver me from my enemies, O my God: defend me from them that rise up against me...

are lively [heb.] being living are strong. Instead of [chaymin], `lively' Bp Lowth would read chinmon `without cause'--`but mine enemies without cause have strengthened themselves.' As this emendation renders this member of the sentence parallel to the other, it is by no means improbable

Psalm 35:19 Let not them that are my enemies wrongfully rejoice over me: neither let them wink with the eye that hate me without a cause.

Psalm 79:5 How long, LORD? will you be angry for ever? shall your jealousy burn like fire?

they that

Psalm 35:19 Let not them that are my enemies wrongfully rejoice over me: neither let them wink with the eye that hate me without a cause.

Psalm 69:4 They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of my head: they that would destroy me, being my enemies wrongfully...

Matthew 10:22 And you shall be hated of all men for my name's sake: but he that endures to the end shall be saved.

John 15:18-25 If the world hate you, you know that it hated me before it hated you...

Acts 4:25-28 Who by the mouth of your servant David have said, Why did the heathen rage, and the people imagine vain things...

Cross References
Psalm 9:13
Be gracious to me, O LORD! See my affliction from those who hate me, O you who lift me up from the gates of death,

Psalm 18:17
He rescued me from my strong enemy and from those who hated me, for they were too mighty for me.

Psalm 35:19
Let not those rejoice over me who are wrongfully my foes, and let not those wink the eye who hate me without cause.

Psalm 69:4
More in number than the hairs of my head are those who hate me without cause; mighty are those who would destroy me, those who attack me with lies. What I did not steal must I now restore?

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