Psalm 35:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Let them be put to shame and dishonor who seek after my life! Let them be turned back and disappointed who devise evil against me!

King James Bible
Let them be confounded and put to shame that seek after my soul: let them be turned back and brought to confusion that devise my hurt.

American Standard Version
Let them be put to shame and brought to dishonor that seek after my soul: Let them be turned back and confounded that devise my hurt.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let them be confounded and ashamed that seek after my soul. Let them be turned back and be confounded that devise against me.

English Revised Version
Let them be ashamed and brought to dishonour that seek after my soul: let them be turned back and confounded that devise my hurt.

Webster's Bible Translation
Let them be confounded and put to shame that seek after my soul: let them be turned back and brought to confusion that devise my hurt.

Psalm 35:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 34:17-22) The poet now recommends the fear of God, to which he has given a brief direction, by setting forth its reward in contrast with the punishment of the ungodly. The prepositions אל and בּ, in Psalm 34:16 and Psalm 34:17, are a well considered interchange of expression: the former, of gracious inclination (Psalm 33:18), the latter, of hostile intention or determining, as in Job 7:8; Jeremiah 21:10; Jeremiah 44:11, after the phrase in Leviticus 17:10. The evil doers are overwhelmed by the power of destruction that proceeds from the countenance of Jahve, which is opposed to them, until there is not the slightest trace of their earthly existence left. The subjects to Psalm 34:18 are not, according to Psalm 107:17-19, the עשׁי רע (evil doers), since the indispensable characteristic of penitence is in this instance wanting, but the צדיקים (the righteous). Probably the פ strophe stood originally before the ע strophe, just as in Lamentations 2-4 the פ precedes the ע (Hitzig). In connection with the present sequence of the thoughts, the structure of Psalm 34:18 is just like Psalm 34:6 : Clamant et Dominus audit equals si qui (quicunque) clamant. What is meant is the cry out of the depth of a soul that despairs of itself. Such crying meets with a hearing with God, and in its realisation, an answer that bears its own credentials. "The broken in heart" are those in whom the egotistical, i.e., self-loving life, which encircles its own personality, is broken at the very root; "the crushed or contrite (דּכּאי, from דּכּא, with a changeable ā, after the form אילות from איּל) in spirit" are those whom grievous experiences, leading to penitence, of the false eminence to which their proud self-consciousness has raised them, have subdued and thoroughly humbled. To all such Jahve is nigh, He preserves them from despair, He is ready to raise up in them a new life upon the ruins of the old and to cover or conceal their infinitive deficiency; and, they, on their part, being capable of receiving, and desirous of, salvation, He makes them partakers of His salvation. It is true these afflictions come upon the righteous, but Jahve rescues him out of them all, מכּלּם equals מּכּלּן (the same enallage generis as in Ruth 1:19; Ruth 4:11). He is under the most special providence, "He keepeth all his bones, not one of them (ne unum quidem) is broken" - a pictorial exemplification of the thought that God does not suffer the righteous to come to the extremity, that He does not suffer him to be severed from His almighty protecting love, nor to become the sport of the oppressors. Nevertheless we call to mind the literal fulfilment which these words of the psalmist received in the Crucified One; for the Old Testament prophecy, which is quoted in John 19:33-37, may be just as well referred to our Psalm as to Exodus 12:46. Not only the Paschal lamb, but in a comparative sense even every affliction of the righteous, is a type. Not only is the essence of the symbolism of the worship of the sanctuary realised in Jesus Christ, not only is the history of Israel and of David repeated in Him, not only does human suffering attain in connection with Him its utmost intensity, but all the promises given to the righteous are fulfilled in Him κατ ̓ ἐξοχήν; because He is the righteous One in the most absolute sense, the Holy One of God in a sense altogether unique (Isaiah 53:11; Jeremiah 23:5, Zechariah 9:9; Acts 3:14; Acts 22:14). - The righteous is always preserved from extreme peril, whereas evil (רעה) slays (מותת stronger than המית) the ungodly: evil, which he loved and cherished, becomes the executioner's power, beneath which he falls. And they that hate the righteous must pay the penalty. Of the meanings to incur guilt, to feel one's self guilty, and to undergo punishment as being guilty, אשׁם (vid., on 1 Samuel 14:13) has the last in this instance.

Psalm 35:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

confounded

Psalm 35:26 Let them be ashamed and brought to confusion together that rejoice at my hurt...

Psalm 31:17,18 Let me not be ashamed, O LORD; for I have called on you: let the wicked be ashamed, and let them be silent in the grave...

Psalm 40:14,15 Let them be ashamed and confounded together that seek after my soul to destroy it...

Psalm 70:2,3 Let them be ashamed and confounded that seek after my soul: let them be turned backward, and put to confusion, that desire my hurt...

Psalm 71:24 My tongue also shall talk of your righteousness all the day long: for they are confounded, for they are brought to shame...

that

Psalm 38:12 They also that seek after my life lay snares for me: and they that seek my hurt speak mischievous things...

1 Samuel 23:23 See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hides himself, and come you again to me with the certainty...

1 Kings 19:10 And he said, I have been very jealous for the LORD God of hosts: for the children of Israel have forsaken your covenant...

Ezekiel 13:19 And will you pollute me among my people for handfuls of barley and for pieces of bread, to slay the souls that should not die...

Matthew 27:1 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death:

turned

Psalm 129:5 Let them all be confounded and turned back that hate Zion.

Isaiah 37:29 Because your rage against me, and your tumult, is come up into my ears, therefore will I put my hook in your nose...

Jeremiah 46:5 Why have I seen them dismayed and turned away back? and their mighty ones are beaten down, and are fled apace, and look not back...

John 18:6 As soon then as he had said to them, I am he, they went backward, and fell to the ground.

Cross References
Psalm 38:12
Those who seek my life lay their snares; those who seek my hurt speak of ruin and meditate treachery all day long.

Psalm 40:14
Let those be put to shame and disappointed altogether who seek to snatch away my life; let those be turned back and brought to dishonor who delight in my hurt!

Psalm 70:2
Let them be put to shame and confusion who seek my life! Let them be turned back and brought to dishonor who delight in my hurt!

Psalm 71:13
May my accusers be put to shame and consumed; with scorn and disgrace may they be covered who seek my hurt.

Psalm 83:17
Let them be put to shame and dismayed forever; let them perish in disgrace,

Psalm 129:5
May all who hate Zion be put to shame and turned backward!

Jeremiah 17:18
Let those be put to shame who persecute me, but let me not be put to shame; let them be dismayed, but let me not be dismayed; bring upon them the day of disaster; destroy them with double destruction!

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