Psalm 32:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Blessed is the one whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.

King James Bible
A Psalm of David, Maschil. Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.

American Standard Version
Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, Whose sin is covered.

Douay-Rheims Bible
To David himself, understanding. Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.

English Revised Version
A Psalm of David. Maschil. Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.

Webster's Bible Translation
A Psalm of David, Maschil. Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.

Psalm 32:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 31:20-25) In this part well-grounded hope expands to triumphant certainty; and this breaks forth into grateful praise of the goodness of God to His own, and an exhortation to all to wait with steadfast faith on Jahve. The thought: how gracious hath Jahve been to me, takes a more universal form in Psalm 31:20. It is an exclamation (מה, as in Psalm 36:8) of adoring admiration. טוּב יהוה is the sum of the good which God has treasured up for the constant and ever increasing use and enjoyment of His saints. צפן is used in the same sense as in Psalm 17:14; cf. τὸ μάννα τὸ κεκρυμμένον, Revelation 2:17. Instead of פּעלתּ it ought strictly to be נתתּ; for we can say פּעל טּוב, but not פּעל טוּב. What is meant is, the doing or manifesting of טּוב springing from this טוּב, which is the treasure of grace. Jahve thus makes Himself known to His saints for the confounding of their enemies and in defiance of all the world besides, Psalm 23:5. He takes those who are His under His protection from the רכסי אישׁ, confederations of men (from רכס, Arab. rks, magna copia), from the wrangling, i.e., the slanderous scourging, of tongues. Elsewhere it is said, that God hides one in סתר אהלו (Psalm 27:5), or in סתר כּנפיו (Psalm 61:5), or in His shadow (צל, Psalm 91:1); in this passage it is: in the defence and protection of His countenance, i.e., in the region of the unapproachable light that emanates from His presence. The סכּה is the safe and comfortable protection of the Almighty which spans over the persecuted one like an arbour or rich foliage. With בּרוּך ה David again passes over to his own personal experience. The unity of the Psalm requires us to refer the praise to the fact of the deliverance which is anticipated by faith. Jahve has shown him wondrous favour, inasmuch as He has given him a עיר מצור as a place of abode. מצור, from צוּר to shut in (Arabic misr with the denominative verb maṣṣara, to found a fortified city), signifies both a siege, i.e., a shutting in by siege-works, and a fortifying (cf. Psalm 60:11 with Psalm 108:11), i.e., a shutting in by fortified works against the attack of the enemy, 2 Chronicles 8:5. The fenced city is mostly interpreted as God Himself and His powerful and gracious protection. We might then compare Isaiah 33:21 and other passages. But why may not an actual city be intended, viz., Ziklag? The fact, that after long and troublous days David there found a strong and sure resting-place, he here celebrates beforehand, and unconsciously prophetically, as a wondrous token of divine favour. To him Ziklag was indeed the turning-point between his degradation and exaltation. He had already said in his trepidation (חפז, trepidare), cf. Psalm 116:11 : I am cut away from the range of Thine eyes. נגרזתּי is explained according to גּרזן, an axe; Lamentations 3:54, נגרזתּי, and Jonah 2:5, נגרשׁתּי, favour this interpretation. He thought in his fear and despair, that God would never more care about him. אכן, verum enim vero, but Jahve heard the cry of his entreaty, when he cried unto Him (the same words as in Psalm 28:2). On the ground of these experiences he calls upon all the godly to love the God who has done such gracious things, i.e., to love Love itself. On the one hand, He preserves the faithful (אמוּנים, from אמוּן equals אמוּן, πιστοί, as in Psalm 12:2), who keep faith with Him, by also proving to them His faithfulness by protection in every danger; on the other hand, not scantily, but plentifully (על as in Isaiah 60:7; Jeremiah 6:14 : κατὰ περισσείαν) He rewardeth those that practise pride-in the sight of God, the Lord, the sin of sins. An animating appeal to the godly (metamorphosed out of the usual form of the expression חזק ואמץ, macte esto), resembling the animating call to his own heart in Psalm 27:14, closes the Psalm. The godly and faithful are here called "those who wait upon Jahve." They are to wait patiently, for this waiting has a glorious end; the bright, spring sun at length breaks through the dark, angry aspect of the heavens, and the esto mihi is changed into halleluja. This eye of hope patiently directed towards Jahve is the characteristic of the Old Testament faith. The substantial unity, however, of the Old Testament order of grace, or mercy, with that of the New Testament, is set before us in Psalm 32:1-11, which, in its New Testament and Pauline character, is the counterpart of Psalm 19:1-14.

Psalm 32:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

2970 B.C.

1034 (Title.) or, A Psalm of David giving instruction

Psalm 42:1 As the hart pants after the water brooks, so pants my soul after you, O God.

Psalm 45:1 My heart is gushing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue is the pen of a ready writer.

Psalm 52:1 Why boast you yourself in mischief, O mighty man? the goodness of God endures continually.

Psalm 53:1 The fool has said in his heart, There is no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity: there is none that does good.

Psalm 55:1 Give ear to my prayer, O God; and hide not yourself from my supplication.

Blessed

Psalm 1:1,2 Blessed is the man that walks not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor stands in the way of sinners...

Psalm 40:4 Blessed is that man that makes the LORD his trust, and respects not the proud, nor such as turn aside to lies.

Psalm 84:12 O LORD of hosts, blessed is the man that trusts in you.

Psalm 89:15 Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, O LORD, in the light of your countenance.

Psalm 106:3 Blessed are they that keep judgment, and he that does righteousness at all times.

Psalm 119:1,2 Blessed are the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the LORD...

Psalm 128:1 Blessed is every one that fears the LORD; that walks in his ways.

Jeremiah 17:7,8 Blessed is the man that trusts in the LORD, and whose hope the LORD is...

Matthew 5:3-12 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven...

Matthew 16:17 And Jesus answered and said to him, Blessed are you, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood has not revealed it to you...

Luke 11:28 But he said, Yes rather, blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep it.

Revelation 22:14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life...

transgression

Isaiah 1:18 Come now, and let us reason together, said the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow...

Isaiah 43:25 I, even I, am he that blots out your transgressions for my own sake, and will not remember your sins.

Isaiah 44:22 I have blotted out, as a thick cloud, your transgressions, and, as a cloud, your sins: return to me; for I have redeemed you.

Micah 7:18,19 Who is a God like to you, that pardons iniquity, and passes by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage...

Acts 13:38,39 Be it known to you therefore, men and brothers, that through this man is preached to you the forgiveness of sins...

Romans 4:6-8 Even as David also describes the blessedness of the man, to whom God imputes righteousness without works...

covered

Psalm 85:2 You have forgiven the iniquity of your people, you have covered all their sin. Selah.

Nehemiah 4:5 And cover not their iniquity, and let not their sin be blotted out from before you...

Cross References
Matthew 6:12
and forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.

Romans 4:7
"Blessed are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven, and whose sins are covered;

Romans 4:8
blessed is the man against whom the Lord will not count his sin."

Deuteronomy 33:29
Happy are you, O Israel! Who is like you, a people saved by the LORD, the shield of your help, and the sword of your triumph! Your enemies shall come fawning to you, and you shall tread upon their backs."

Psalm 85:2
You forgave the iniquity of your people; you covered all their sin. Selah

Psalm 103:3
who forgives all your iniquity, who heals all your diseases,

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