Psalm 24:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He who has clean hands and a pure heart, who does not lift up his soul to what is false and does not swear deceitfully.

King James Bible
He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully.

American Standard Version
He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; Who hath not lifted up his soul unto falsehood, And hath not sworn deceitfully.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The innocent in hands, and clean of heart, who hath not taken his soul in vain, nor sworn deceitfully to his neighbour.

English Revised Version
He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, and hath not sworn deceitfully.

Webster's Bible Translation
He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul to vanity, nor sworn deceitfully.

Psalm 24:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Rod and staff are here not so much those of the pilgrim, which would be a confusing transition to a different figure, but those of Jahve, the Shepherd (שׁבט, as in Micah 7:14, and in connection with it, cf. Numbers 21:18, משׁענת as the filling up of the picture), as the means of guidance and defence. The one rod, which the shepherd holds up to guide the flock, and upon which he leans and anxiously watches over the flock, has assumed a double form in the conception of the idea. This rod and staff in the hand of God comfort him, i.e., preserve to him the feeling of security, and therefore a cheerful spirit. Even when he passes through a valley dark and gloomy as the shadow of death, where surprises and calamities of every kind threaten him, he hears no misfortune. The lxx narrows the figure, rendering בגיא according to the Aramaic בּגוא, Daniel 3:25, ἐν μέσῳ. The noun צלמות, which occurs in this passage for the first time in the Old Testament literature, is originally not a compound word; but being formed from a verb צלם, Arab. ḏlm (root צל, Arab. ḏl), to overshadow, darken, after the form עבדוּת, but pronounced צלמות (cf. חצרמות, Hadra-môt equals the court of death, בּצלאל in-God's-shadow), it signifies the shadow of death as an epithet of the most fearful darkness, as of Hades, Job 10:21., but also of a shaft of a mine, Job 28:3, and more especially of darkness such as makes itself felt in a wild, uninhabited desert, Jeremiah 2:6.

After the figure of the shepherd fades away in Psalm 23:4, that of the host appears. His enemies must look quietly on (נגד as in Psalm 31:20), without being able to do anything, and see how Jahve provides bountifully for His guest, anoints him with sweet perfumes as at a joyous and magnificent banquet (Psalm 92:11), and fills his cup to excess. What is meant thereby, is not necessarily only blessings of a spiritual kind. The king fleeing before Absolom and forsaken by the mass of his people was, with his army, even outwardly in danger of being destroyed by want; it is, therefore, even an abundance of daily bread streaming in upon them, as in 2 Samuel 17:27-29, that is meant; but even this, spiritually regarded, as a gift from heaven, and so that the satisfying, refreshing and quickening is only the outside phase of simultaneous inward experiences.

(Note: In the mouth of the New Testament saint, especially on the dies viridium, it is the table of the Lord's supper, as Apollinaris also hints when he applied to it the epithet ῥιγεδανῶν βρίθουσαν, horrendorum onustam.)

The future תּערך is followed, according to the customary return to the perfect ground-form, by דּשּׁנתּ, which has, none the less, the signification of a present. And in the closing assertion, כּוסי, my cup, is metonymically equivalent to the contents of my cup. This is רויה, a fulness satiating even to excess.

Psalm 24:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

He that. [heb.] the clean of hands

Psalm 18:20 The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness; according to the cleanness of my hands has he recompensed me.

Psalm 26:6 I will wash my hands in innocence: so will I compass your altar, O LORD:

Job 9:30 If I wash myself with snow water, and make my hands never so clean;

Job 17:9 The righteous also shall hold on his way, and he that has clean hands shall be stronger and stronger.

Isaiah 1:15,16 And when you spread forth your hands, I will hide my eyes from you: yes, when you make many prayers, I will not hear...

Isaiah 33:15,16 He that walks righteously, and speaks uprightly; he that despises the gain of oppressions, that shakes his hands from holding of bribes...

1 Timothy 2:8 I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.

James 4:8 Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners; and purify your hearts, you double minded.

pure

Psalm 51:10 Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.

Psalm 73:1 Truly God is good to Israel, even to such as are of a clean heart.

Genesis 6:5 And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth...

Proverbs 20:9 Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin?

Jeremiah 4:14 O Jerusalem, wash your heart from wickedness, that you may be saved. How long shall your vain thoughts lodge within you?

Matthew 5:8 Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.

Acts 15:9 And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith.

2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit...

Revelation 21:1-4,27 And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea...

Revelation 22:14,15 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life...

lifted

Psalm 25:1 To you, O LORD, do I lift up my soul.

Psalm 143:8 Cause me to hear your loving kindness in the morning; for in you do I trust: cause me to know the way wherein I should walk...

Deuteronomy 4:19 And lest you lift up your eyes to heaven, and when you see the sun, and the moon, and the stars, even all the host of heaven...

Ezekiel 18:6,15 And has not eaten on the mountains, neither has lifted up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel...

Acts 14:15 And saying, Sirs, why do you these things? We also are men of like passions with you...

sworn

Psalm 15:4 In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honors them that fear the LORD. He that swears to his own hurt, and changes not.

Jeremiah 5:2 And though they say, The LORD lives; surely they swear falsely.

Jeremiah 7:9,10 Will you steal, murder, and commit adultery, and swear falsely, and burn incense to Baal, and walk after other gods whom you know not...

Zechariah 5:3,4 Then said he to me, This is the curse that goes forth over the face of the whole earth...

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers...

1 Timothy 1:10 For fornicators, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for enslavers, for liars, for perjured persons...

Cross References
Matthew 5:8
"Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.

1 Timothy 2:8
I desire then that in every place the men should pray, lifting holy hands without anger or quarreling;

2 Samuel 22:21
"The LORD dealt with me according to my righteousness; according to the cleanness of my hands he rewarded me.

Job 17:9
Yet the righteous holds to his way, and he who has clean hands grows stronger and stronger.

Job 22:30
He delivers even the one who is not innocent, who will be delivered through the cleanness of your hands."

Psalm 15:2
He who walks blamelessly and does what is right and speaks truth in his heart;

Psalm 15:4
in whose eyes a vile person is despised, but who honors those who fear the LORD; who swears to his own hurt and does not change;

Jump to Previous
Clean Deceit Deceitfully Desire False. Falsehood Foolish Hands Heart Idol Lifted Oath Pure Soul Swear Sweareth Sworn True. Vain Vanity
Jump to Next
Clean Deceit Deceitfully Desire False. Falsehood Foolish Hands Heart Idol Lifted Oath Pure Soul Swear Sweareth Sworn True. Vain Vanity
Links
Psalm 24:4 NIV
Psalm 24:4 NLT
Psalm 24:4 ESV
Psalm 24:4 NASB
Psalm 24:4 KJV

Psalm 24:4 Bible Apps
Psalm 24:4 Biblia Paralela
Psalm 24:4 Chinese Bible
Psalm 24:4 French Bible
Psalm 24:4 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Psalm 24:3
Top of Page
Top of Page