Psalm 18:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He made darkness his covering, his canopy around him, thick clouds dark with water.

King James Bible
He made darkness his secret place; his pavilion round about him were dark waters and thick clouds of the skies.

American Standard Version
He made darkness his hiding-place, his pavilion round about him, Darkness of waters, thick clouds of the skies.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he made darkness his covert, his pavilion round about him: dark waters in the clouds of the air.

English Revised Version
He made darkness his hiding place, his pavilion round about him; darkness of waters, thick clouds of the skies.

Webster's Bible Translation
He made darkness his secret place; his pavilion around him were dark waters and thick clouds of the skies.

Psalm 18:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 18:5-7) In these verses David gathers into one collective figure all the fearful dangers to which he had been exposed during his persecution by Saul, together with the marvellous answers and deliverances he experienced, that which is unseen, which stands in the relation to that which is visible of cause and effect, rendering itself visible to him. David here appears as passive throughout; the hand from out of the clouds seizes him and draws him out of mighty waters: while in the second part of the Psalm, in fellowship with God and under His blessing, he comes forward as a free actor.

The description begins in Psalm 18:5 with the danger and the cry for help which is not in vain. The verb אפף according to a tradition not to be doubted (cf. אופן a wheel) signifies to go round, surround, as a poetical synonym of סבב, הקּיף, כּתּר, and not, as one might after the Arabic have thought: to drive, urge. Instead of "the bands of death," the lxx (cf. Acts 2:24) renders it ὠδῖνες (constrictive pains) θανάτου; but Psalm 18:6 favours the meaning bands, cords, cf. Psalm 119:61 (where it is likewise חבלי instead of the הבלי, which one might have expected, Joshua 17:5; Job 36:8), death is therefore represented as a hunter with a cord and net, Psalm 91:3. בליּעל, compounded of בּלי and יעל (from יעל, ועל, root על), signifies unprofitableness, worthlessness, and in fact both deep-rooted moral corruption and also abysmal destruction (cf. 2 Corinthians 6:15, Βελίαρ equals Βελίαλ as a name of Satan and his kingdom). Rivers of destruction are those, whose engulfing floods lead down to the abyss of destruction (Jonah 2:7). Death, Belı̂jáal, and Sheôl are the names of the weird powers, which make use of David's persecutors as their instruments. Futt. in the sense of imperfects alternate with praett. בּעת ( equals Arab. bgt) signifies to come suddenly upon any one (but compare also Arab. b‛ṯ, to startle, excitare, to alarm), and קדּם, to rush upon; the two words are distinguished from one another like ׬berfallen and anfallen. The היכל out of which Jahve hears is His heavenly dwelling-place, which is both palace and temple, inasmuch as He sits enthroned there, being worshipped by blessed spirits. לפניו belongs to ושׁועתי: my cry which is poured forth before Him (as e.g., in Psalm 102:1), for it is tautological if joined with תּבא beside ושׁועתי. Before Jahve's face he made supplication and his prayer urged its way into His ears.

Psalm 18:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

secret

Psalm 27:5 For in the time of trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion: in the secret of his tabernacle shall he hide me...

Psalm 81:7 You called in trouble, and I delivered you; I answered you in the secret place of thunder: I proved you at the waters of Meribah...

Psalm 91:1 He that dwells in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty.

thick

Psalm 97:2 Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne.

Deuteronomy 4:11 And you came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire to the middle of heaven, with darkness, clouds...

Joel 2:2 A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread on the mountains...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 4:11
And you came near and stood at the foot of the mountain, while the mountain burned with fire to the heart of heaven, wrapped in darkness, cloud, and gloom.

1 Kings 8:12
Then Solomon said, "The LORD has said that he would dwell in thick darkness.

Psalm 97:2
Clouds and thick darkness are all around him; righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

Isaiah 40:22
It is he who sits above the circle of the earth, and its inhabitants are like grasshoppers; who stretches out the heavens like a curtain, and spreads them like a tent to dwell in;

Jeremiah 43:10
and say to them, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Behold, I will send and take Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and I will set his throne above these stones that I have hidden, and he will spread his royal canopy over them.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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