Psalm 141:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Let my prayer be counted as incense before you, and the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice!

King James Bible
Let my prayer be set forth before thee as incense; and the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice.

American Standard Version
Let my prayer be set forth as incense before thee; The lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let my prayer be directed as incense in thy sight; the lifting up of my hands, as evening sacrifice.

English Revised Version
Let my prayer be set forth as incense before thee; the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice.

Webster's Bible Translation
Let my prayer be set forth before thee as incense; and the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice.

Psalm 141:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The strophic symmetry is now at an end. The longer the poet lingers over the contemplation of the rebels the more lofty and dignified does his language become, the more particular the choice of the expressions, and the more difficult and unmanageable the construction. The Hiph. הסב signifies, causatively, to cause to go round about (Exodus 13:18), and to raise round about (2 Chronicles 14:6); here, after Joshua 6:11, where with an accusative following it signifies to go round about: to make the circuit of anything, as enemies who surround a city on all sides and seek the most favourable point for assault; מסבּי from the participle מסב. Even when derived from the substantive מסב (Hupfeld), "my surroundings" is equivalent to איבי סביבותי in Psalm 27:6. Hitzig, on the other hand, renders it: the head of my slanderers, from סבב, to go round about, Arabic to tell tales of any one, defame; but the Arabic sbb, fut. u, to abuse, the IV form (Hiphil) of which moreover is not used either in the ancient or in the modern language, has nothing to do with the Hebrew סבב, but signifies originally to cut off round about, then to clip (injure) any one's honour and good name.

(Note: The lexicographer Neshwn says, i.:279b: Arab. 'l-sbb 'l - šatm w-qı̂l an aṣl 'l-sbb 'l - qaṭ‛ ṯm ṣâr 'l - štm, "sebb is to abuse; still, the more original signification of cutting off is said to lie at the foundation of this signification." That Arab. qṭ‛ is synonymous with it, e.g., Arab. lı̂štqt‛fı̂nâ, why dost thou cut into us? i.e., why dost thou insult our honour? - Wetzstein.)

The fact that the enemies who surround the psalmist on every side are just such calumniators, is intimated here in the word שׂפתימו. He wishes that the trouble which the enemies' slanderous lips occasion him may fall back upon their own head. ראשׁ is head in the first and literal sense according to Psalm 7:17; and יכסּימו (with the Jod of the groundform kcy, as in Deuteronomy 32:26; 1 Kings 20:35; Chethb יכסּוּמו,

(Note: Which is favoured by Exodus 15:5, jechasjûmû with mû instead of mô, which is otherwise without example.)

after the attractional schema, 2 Samuel 2:4; Isaiah 2:11, and frequently; cf. on the masculine form, Proverbs 5:2; Proverbs 10:21) refers back to ראשׁ, which is meant of the heads of all persons individually. In Psalm 140:11 ימיטוּ (with an indefinite subject of the higher punitive powers, Ges. 137, note), in the signification to cause to descend, has a support in Psalm 55:4, whereas the Niph. נמוט, fut. ימּט, which is preferred by the Ker, in the signification to be made to descend, is contrary to the usage of the language. The ἅπ. λεγ. מהמרות has been combined by Parchon and others with the Arabic hmr, which, together with other significations (to strike, stamp, cast down, and the like), also has the signification to flow (whence e.g., in the Koran, mâ' munhamir, flowing water). "Fire" and "water" are emblems of perils that cannot be escaped, Psalm 66:12, and the mention of fire is therefore appropriately succeeded by places of flowing water, pits of water. The signification "pits" is attested by the Targum, Symmachus, Jerome, and the quotation in Kimchi: "first of all they buried them in מהמורות; when the flesh was consumed they collected the bones and buried them in coffins." On בּל־יקוּמוּ cf. Isaiah 26:14. Like Psalm 140:10-11, Psalm 140:12 is also not to be taken as a general maxim, but as expressing a wish in accordance with the excited tone of this strophe. אישׁ לשׁון is not a great talker, i.e., boaster, but an idle talker, i.e., slanderer (lxx ἀνὴρ γλωσσώδης, cf. Sir. 8:4). According to the accents, אישׁ חמס רע is the parallel; but what would be the object of this designation of violence as worse or more malignant? With Sommer, Olshausen, and others, we take רע as the subject to יצוּדנּוּ: let evil, i.e., the punishment which arises out of evil, hunt him; cf. Proverbs 13:21, חטּאים תּרדּף רעה, and the opposite in Psalm 23:6. It would have to be accented, according to this our construction of the words, אישׁ חמס רע יצודני למדחפת. The ἅπ. λεγ. למדחפת we do not render, with Hengstenberg, Olshausen, and others: push upon push, with repeated pushes, which, to say nothing more, is not suited to the figure of hunting, but, since דּחף always has the signification of precipitate hastening: by hastenings, that is to say, forced marches.

Psalm 141:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

let my prayer. David who was now driven from Judea, and far from the sanctuary, here prays that the devotion of his heart, and the elevation of his hands, might be accepted; that the one might ascend to heaven fragrant and well pleasing as the cloud of incense, and the other in conjunction with it, be prevalent as the minchah, or evening oblation.

Proverbs 15:8 The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the LORD: but the prayer of the upright is his delight.

set forth. Heb. directed

Psalm 5:3 My voice shall you hear in the morning, O LORD; in the morning will I direct my prayer to you, and will look up.

as incense

Exodus 30:7-9,34-38 And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he dresses the lamps, he shall burn incense on it...

Leviticus 10:1,2 And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon...

Leviticus 16:11-13 And Aaron shall bring the bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and shall make an atonement for himself, and for his house...

Numbers 16:35,46-48 And there came out a fire from the LORD, and consumed the two hundred and fifty men that offered incense...

Malachi 1:11 For from the rising of the sun even to the going down of the same my name shall be great among the Gentiles...

Luke 1:9,10 According to the custom of the priest's office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord...

Revelation 5:8 And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps...

Revelation 8:3,4 And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given to him much incense...

the lifting

Psalm 28:2 Hear the voice of my supplications, when I cry to you, when I lift up my hands toward your holy oracle.

Psalm 63:4 Thus will I bless you while I live: I will lift up my hands in your name.

Psalm 134:2 Lift up your hands in the sanctuary, and bless the LORD.

1 Timothy 2:8 I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.

the evening

Exodus 29:39,42 The one lamb you shall offer in the morning; and the other lamb you shall offer at even...

1 Kings 18:36 And it came to pass at the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, that Elijah the prophet came near, and said...

Ezra 9:4 Then were assembled to me every one that trembled at the words of the God of Israel...

Daniel 9:21 Yes, whiles I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly...

Acts 3:1 Now Peter and John went up together into the temple at the hour of prayer, being the ninth hour.

Cross References
Luke 1:10
And the whole multitude of the people were praying outside at the hour of incense.

1 Timothy 2:8
I desire then that in every place the men should pray, lifting holy hands without anger or quarreling;

Revelation 5:8
And when he had taken the scroll, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, each holding a harp, and golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints.

Revelation 8:3
And another angel came and stood at the altar with a golden censer, and he was given much incense to offer with the prayers of all the saints on the golden altar before the throne,

Revelation 8:4
and the smoke of the incense, with the prayers of the saints, rose before God from the hand of the angel.

Exodus 29:39
One lamb you shall offer in the morning, and the other lamb you shall offer at twilight.

Exodus 29:41
The other lamb you shall offer at twilight, and shall offer with it a grain offering and its drink offering, as in the morning, for a pleasing aroma, a food offering to the LORD.

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