Psalm 128:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You shall eat the fruit of the labor of your hands; you shall be blessed, and it shall be well with you.

King James Bible
For thou shalt eat the labour of thine hands: happy shalt thou be, and it shall be well with thee.

American Standard Version
For thou shalt eat the labor of thy hands: Happy shalt thou be, and it shall be well with thee.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For thou shalt eat the labours of thy hands: blessed art thou, and it shall be well with thee.

English Revised Version
For thou shalt eat the labour of thine hands: happy shalt thou be, and it shall be well with thee.

Webster's Bible Translation
For thou shalt eat the labor of thy hands: happy shalt thou be, and it shall be well with thee.

Psalm 128:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The poet proves that everything depends upon the blessing of God from examples taken from the God-ordained life of the family and of the state. The rearing of the house which affords us protection, and the stability of the city in which we securely and peaceably dwell, the acquisition of possessions that maintain and adorn life, the begetting and rearing of sons that may contribute substantial support to the father as he grows old - all these are things which depend upon the blessing of God without natural preliminary conditions being able to guarantee them, well-devised arrangements to ensure them, unwearied labours to obtain them by force, or impatient care and murmuring to get them by defiance. Many a man builds himself a house, but he is not able to carry out the building of it, or he dies before he is able to take possession of it, or the building fails through unforeseen misfortunes, or, if it succeeds, becomes a prey to violent destruction: if God Himself do not build it, they labour thereon (עמל בּ, Jonah 4:10; Ecclesiastes 2:21) in vain who build it. Many a city is well-ordered, and seems to be secured by wise precautions against every misfortune, against fire and sudden attack; but if God Himself do not guard it, it is in vain that those to whom its protection is entrusted give themselves no sleep and perform (שׁקד, a word that has only come into frequent use since the literature of the Salomonic age) the duties of their office with the utmost devotion. The perfect in the apodosis affirms what has been done on the part of man to be ineffectual if the former is not done on God's part; cf. Numbers 32:23. Many rise up early in order to get to their work, and delay the sitting down as along as possible; i.e., not: the lying down (Hupfeld), for that is שׁכב, not ישׁב; but to take a seat in order to rest a little, and, as what follows shows, to eat (Hitzig). קוּם and שׁבת stand opposed to one another: the latter cannot therefore mean to remain sitting at one's work, in favour of which Isaiah 5:11 (where בּבּקר and בּנּשׁף form an antithesis) cannot be properly compared. 1 Samuel 20:24 shows that prior to the incursion of the Grecian custom they did not take their meals lying or reclining (ἀνα- or κατακείμενος), but sitting. It is vain for you - the poet exclaims to them - it will not after all bring hat you think to be able to acquire; in so doing you eat only the bread of sorrow, i.e., bread that is procured with toil and trouble (cf. Genesis 3:17, בּעצּבון): כּן, in like manner, i.e., the same as you are able to procure only by toilsome and anxious efforts, God gives to His beloved (Psalm 60:7; Deuteronomy 33:12) שׁנא ( equals שׁנה), in sleep (an adverbial accusative like לילה בּּקר, ערב), i.e., without restless self-activity, in a state of self-forgetful renunciation, and modest, calm surrender to Him: "God bestows His gifts during the night," says a German proverb, and a Greek proverb even says: εὕδοντι κύρτος αἱρεῖ. Bttcher takes כּן in the sense of "so equals without anything further;" and כן certainly has this meaning sometimes (vid., introduction to Psalm 110:1-7), but not in this passage, where, as referring back, it stands at the head of the clause, and where what this mimic כן would import lies in the word שׁנא.

Psalm 128:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

thou shalt eat

Genesis 3:19 In the sweat of your face shall you eat bread, till you return to the ground; for out of it were you taken: for dust you are...

Deuteronomy 28:4,11,39,41 Blessed shall be the fruit of your body, and the fruit of your ground, and the fruit of your cattle, the increase of your cows...

Judges 6:3-6 And so it was, when Israel had sown, that the Midianites came up, and the Amalekites, and the children of the east...

Ecclesiastes 5:18,19 Behold that which I have seen: it is good and comely for one to eat and to drink...

Isaiah 62:8 The LORD has sworn by his right hand, and by the arm of his strength, Surely I will no more give your corn to be meat for your enemies...

Isaiah 65:13,21-23 Therefore thus said the Lord GOD, Behold, my servants shall eat, but you shall be hungry: behold, my servants shall drink...

and it shall

Ecclesiastes 8:12 Though a sinner do evil an hundred times, and his days be prolonged, yet surely I know that it shall be well with them that fear God...

Isaiah 3:10 Say you to the righteous, that it shall be well with him: for they shall eat the fruit of their doings.

Jeremiah 22:15 Shall you reign, because you close yourself in cedar? did not your father eat and drink, and do judgment and justice...

1 Corinthians 15:58 Therefore, my beloved brothers, be you steadfast, unmovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord...

Ephesians 6:3 That it may be well with you, and you may live long on the earth.

Cross References
Ephesians 6:3
"that it may go well with you and that you may live long in the land."

Psalm 1:3
He is like a tree planted by streams of water that yields its fruit in its season, and its leaf does not wither. In all that he does, he prospers.

Psalm 109:11
May the creditor seize all that he has; may strangers plunder the fruits of his toil!

Psalm 127:5
Blessed is the man who fills his quiver with them! He shall not be put to shame when he speaks with his enemies in the gate.

Ecclesiastes 8:12
Though a sinner does evil a hundred times and prolongs his life, yet I know that it will be well with those who fear God, because they fear before him.

Isaiah 3:10
Tell the righteous that it shall be well with them, for they shall eat the fruit of their deeds.

Jeremiah 22:15
Do you think you are a king because you compete in cedar? Did not your father eat and drink and do justice and righteousness? Then it was well with him.

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