Psalm 109:24
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
My knees are weak through fasting; my body has become gaunt, with no fat.

King James Bible
My knees are weak through fasting; and my flesh faileth of fatness.

American Standard Version
My knees are weak through fasting; And my flesh faileth of fatness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
My knees are weakened through fasting: and my flesh is changed for oil.

English Revised Version
My knees are weak through fasting; and my flesh faileth of fatness.

Webster's Bible Translation
My knees are weak through fasting; and my flesh faileth of fatness.

Psalm 109:24 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

He whom he persecuted with a thirst for blood, was, apart from this, a great sufferer, bowed down and poor and נכאה לבב, of terrified, confounded heart. lxx κατανενυγμένον (Jerome, compunctum); but the stem-word is not נכא (נכה), root נך, but כּאה, Syriac bā'ā', cogn. כּהה, to cause to come near, to meet. The verb, and more especially in Niph., is proved to be Hebrew by Daniel 11:30. Such an one who without anything else is of a terrified heart, inasmuch as he has been made to feel the wrath of God most keenly, this man has persecuted with a deadly hatred. He had experienced kindness (חסד) in a high degree, but he blotted out of his memory that which he had experienced, not for an instant imagining that he too on his part had to exercise חסד. The Poel מותת instead of המית points to the agonizing death (Isaiah 53:9, cf. Ezekiel 28:10 מותי) to which he exposes God's anointed. The fate of the shedder of blood is not expressed after the manner of a wish in Psalm 109:16-18, but in the historical form, as being the result that followed of inward necessity from the matter of fact of the course which he had himself determined upon. The verb בּוא seq. acc. signifies to surprise, suddenly attack any one, as in Isaiah 41:25. The three figures in Psalm 109:18 are climactic: he has clothed himself in cursing, he has drunk it in like water (Job 15:16; Job 34:7), it has penetrated even to the marrow of his bones, like the oily preparations which are rubbed in and penetrate to the bones.n In Psalm 109:19 the emphasis rests upon יעטּה and upon תּמיד. The summarizing Psalm 109:20 is the close of a strophe. פּעלּה, an earned reward, here punishment incurred, is especially frequent in Isaiah 40:1, e.g., Psalm 49:4; Psalm 40:10; it also occurs once even in the Tra, Leviticus 19:13. Those who answer the loving acts of the righteous with such malevolence in word and in deed commit a satanic sin for which there is no forgiveness. The curse is the fruit of their own choice and deed. Arnobius: Nota ex arbitrio evenisse ut nollet, propter haeresim, quae dicit Deum alios praedestinasse ad benedictionem, alios ad maledictionem.

Psalm 109:24 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

knees

Psalm 22:14 I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the middle of my bowels.

Psalm 35:13,14 But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth: I humbled my soul with fasting...

Psalm 69:10 When I wept, and chastened my soul with fasting, that was to my reproach.

Matthew 4:2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungered.

2 Corinthians 11:27 In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.

Hebrews 12:12 Why lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees;

my flesh

Psalm 32:3,4 When I kept silence, my bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long...

Psalm 38:5-8 My wounds stink and are corrupt because of my foolishness...

Psalm 102:4,5 My heart is smitten, and withered like grass; so that I forget to eat my bread...

Job 19:20 My bone sticks to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped with the skin of my teeth.

Cross References
Hebrews 12:12
Therefore lift your drooping hands and strengthen your weak knees,

Genesis 41:3
And behold, seven other cows, ugly and thin, came up out of the Nile after them, and stood by the other cows on the bank of the Nile.

Job 16:8
And he has shriveled me up, which is a witness against me, and my leanness has risen up against me; it testifies to my face.

Psalm 35:13
But I, when they were sick-- I wore sackcloth; I afflicted myself with fasting; I prayed with head bowed on my chest.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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