Psalm 106:36
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They served their idols, which became a snare to them.

King James Bible
And they served their idols: which were a snare unto them.

American Standard Version
And served their idols, Which became a snare unto them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
and served their idols, and it became a stumblingblock to them.

English Revised Version
And they served their idols; which became a snare unto them:

Webster's Bible Translation
And they served their idols: which were a snare to them.

Psalm 106:36 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The fact to which the poet refers in Psalm 106:24, viz., the rebellion in consequence of the report of the spies, which he brings forward as the fourth principal sin, is narrated in Numbers 13, Numbers 14. The appellation ארץ חמדּה is also found in Jeremiah 3:19; Zechariah 7:14. As to the rest, the expression is altogether Pentateuchal. "They despised the land," after Numbers 14:31; "they murmured in their tents," after Deuteronomy 1:27; "to lift up the land" equals to swear, after Exodus 6:8; Deuteronomy 32:40; the threat להפּיל, to make them fall down, fall away, after Numbers 14:29, Numbers 14:32. The threat of exile is founded upon the two great threatening chapters, Leviticus 26; Deuteronomy 28:1; cf. more particularly Leviticus 26:33 (together with the echoes in Ezekiel 5:12; Ezekiel 12:14, etc.), Deuteronomy 28:64 (together with the echoes in Jeremiah 9:15; Ezekiel 22:15, etc.). Ezekiel 20:23 stands in a not accidental relationship to Psalm 106:26.; and according to that passage, וּלהפיל is an error of the copyist for וּלהפיץ (Hitzig).

Now follows in Psalm 106:28-31 the fifth of the principal sins, viz., the taking part in the Moabitish worship of Baal. The verb נצמד (to be bound or chained), taken from Numbers 25:3, Numbers 25:5, points to the prostitution with which Baal Per, this Moabitish Priapus, was worshipped. The sacrificial feastings in which, according to Numbers 25:2, they took part, are called eating the sacrifices of the dead, because the idols are dead beings (nekroi', Wisd. 13:10-18) as opposed to God, the living One. The catena on Revelation 2:14 correctly interprets: τὰ τοῖς εἰδώλοις τελεσθέντα κρέα.

(Note: In the second section of Aboda zara, on the words of the Mishna: "The flesh which is intended to be offered first of all to idols is allowed, but that which comes out of the temple is forbidden, because it is like sacrifices of the dead," it is observed, fol. 32b: "Whence, said R. Jehuda ben Bethra, do I know that that which is offered to idols (תקרובת לעבדה זרה) pollutes like a dead body? From Psalm 106:28. As the dead body pollutes everything that is under the same roof with it, so also does everything that is offered to idols." The Apostle Paul declares the objectivity of this pollution to be vain, cf. more particularly 1 Corinthians 10:28.)

The object of "they made angry" is omitted; the author is fond of this, cf. Psalm 106:7 and Psalm 106:32. The expression in Psalm 106:29 is like Exodus 19:24. The verb עמד is chosen with reference to Numbers 17:13. The result is expressed in Psalm 106:30 after Numbers 25:8, Numbers 25:18., Numbers 17:13. With פּלּל, to adjust, to judge adjustingly (lxx, Vulgate, correctly according to the sense, ἐξιλάσατο), the poet associates the thought of the satisfaction due to divine right, which Phinehas executed with the javelin. This act of zeal for Jahve, which compensated for Israel's unfaithfulness, was accounted unto him for righteousness, by his being rewarded for it with the priesthood unto everlasting ages, Numbers 25:10-13. This accounting of a work for righteousness is only apparently contradictory to Genesis 15:5.: it was indeed an act which sprang from a constancy in faith, and one which obtained for him the acceptation of a righteous man for the sake of this upon which it was based, by proving him to be such.

In Psalm 106:32, Psalm 106:33 follows the sixth of the principal sins, viz., the insurrection against Moses and Aaron at the waters of strife in the fortieth year, in connection with which Moses forfeited the entrance with them into the Land of Promise (Numbers 20:11., Deuteronomy 1:37; Deuteronomy 32:51), since he suffered himself to be carried away by the persevering obstinacy of the people against the Spirit of God (המרה mostly providing the future for מרה, as in Psalm 106:7, Psalm 106:43, Psalm 78:17, Psalm 78:40, Psalm 78:56, of obstinacy against God; on את־רוּחו cf. Isaiah 63:10) into uttering the words addressed to the people, Numbers 20:10, in which, as the smiting of the rock which was twice repeated shows, is expressed impatience together with a tinge of unbelief. The poet distinguishes, as does the narrative in Numbers 20, between the obstinacy of the people and the transgression of Moses, which is there designated, according to that which lay at the root of it, as unbelief. The retrospective reference to Numbers 27:14 needs adjustment accordingly.

Psalm 106:36 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

and

Psalm 78:58 For they provoked him to anger with their high places, and moved him to jealousy with their graven images.

Exodus 34:15,16 Lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they go a whoring after their gods, and do sacrifice to their gods...

Judges 2:12,13,17,19 And they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods...

Judges 3:5-7 And the children of Israel dwelled among the Canaanites, Hittites, and Amorites, and Perizzites, and Hivites, and Jebusites...

Judges 10:6 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Syria...

2 Kings 17:8-11,16,17 And walked in the statutes of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out from before the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel...

2 Chronicles 33:2-9 But did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, like to the abominations of the heathen...

Ezekiel 16:15 But you did trust in your own beauty, and played the harlot because of your renown...

Ezekiel 20:28-32 For when I had brought them into the land, for the which I lifted up my hand to give it to them, then they saw every high hill...

which

Exodus 23:33 They shall not dwell in your land, lest they make you sin against me: for if you serve their gods, it will surely be a snare to you.

Deuteronomy 7:16 And you shall consume all the people which the LORD your God shall deliver you; your eye shall have no pity on them...

Joshua 23:13 Know for a certainty that the LORD your God will no more drive out any of these nations from before you...

Judges 2:3,14,15 Why I also said, I will not drive them out from before you; but they shall be as thorns in your sides...

Cross References
Exodus 23:33
They shall not dwell in your land, lest they make you sin against me; for if you serve their gods, it will surely be a snare to you."

Deuteronomy 7:16
And you shall consume all the peoples that the LORD your God will give over to you. Your eye shall not pity them, neither shall you serve their gods, for that would be a snare to you.

Judges 2:12
And they abandoned the LORD, the God of their fathers, who had brought them out of the land of Egypt. They went after other gods, from among the gods of the peoples who were around them, and bowed down to them. And they provoked the LORD to anger.

Psalm 97:7
All worshipers of images are put to shame, who make their boast in worthless idols; worship him, all you gods!

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