Psalm 105:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
he had sent a man ahead of them, Joseph, who was sold as a slave.

King James Bible
He sent a man before them, even Joseph, who was sold for a servant:

American Standard Version
He sent a man before them; Joseph was sold for a servant:

Douay-Rheims Bible
He sent a man before them: Joseph, who was sold for a slave.

English Revised Version
He sent a man before them; Joseph was sold for a servant:

Webster's Bible Translation
He sent a man before them, even Joseph, who was sold for a servant:

Psalm 105:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The poet now begins himself to do that to which he encourages Israel. Jahve is Israel's God: His righteous rule extends over the whole earth, whilst His people experience His inviolable faithfulness to His covenant. יהוה in Psalm 105:7 is in apposition to הוּא, for the God who bears this name is as a matter of course the object of the song of praise. זכר is the perfect of practically pledges certainty (cf. Psalm 111:5, where we find instead the future of confident prospect). The chronicler has זכרוּ instead (lxx again something different: μνημονεύωμεν); but the object is not the demanding but the promissory side of the covenant, so that consequently it is not Israel's remembering but God's that is spoken of. He remembers His covenant in all time to come, so that exile and want of independence as a state are only temporary, exceptional conditions. צוּה has its radical signification here, to establish, institute, Psalm 111:9. לאלף דּור (in which expression דור is a specifying accusative) is taken from Deuteronomy 7:9. And since דּבר is the covenant word of promise, it can be continued אשׁר כּרת; and Haggai 2:5 (vid., Khler thereon) shows that אשׁר is not joined to בריתו over Psalm 105:8. וּשׁבוּעתו, however, is a second object to זכר (since דּבר with what belongs to it as an apposition is out of the question). It is the oath on Moriah (Genesis 22:16) that is meant, which applied to Abraham and his seed. לישׂחק (chronicler ליצחק), as in Amos 7:9; Jeremiah 33:26. To זכר is appended ויּעמרדה; the suffix, intended as neuter, points to what follows, viz., this, that Canaan shall be Israel's hereditary land. From Abraham and Isaac we come to Jacob-Israel, who as being the father of the twelve is the twelve-tribe nation itself that is coming into existence; hence the plural can alternate with the singular in Psalm 105:11. את־ארץ כּנען (chronicler, without the את) is an accusative of the object, and חבל נחלתכם accusative of the predicate: the land of Canaan as the province of your own hereditary possession measured out with a measuring line (Psalm 78:55).

Psalm 105:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he sent

Genesis 45:5,7,8 Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that you sold me here: for God did send me before you to preserve life...

Genesis 50:20 But as for you, you thought evil against me; but God meant it to good, to bring to pass, as it is this day, to save much people alive.

Joseph

Genesis 37:27,28,36 Come, and let us sell him to the Ishmeelites, and let not our hand be on him; for he is our brother and our flesh...

Genesis 39:1 And Joseph was brought down to Egypt; and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, captain of the guard, an Egyptian...

Genesis 45:4 And Joseph said to his brothers, Come near to me, I pray you. And they came near. And he said, I am Joseph your brother...

Acts 7:9 And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but God was with him,

Cross References
Acts 7:9
"And the patriarchs, jealous of Joseph, sold him into Egypt; but God was with him

Genesis 37:28
Then Midianite traders passed by. And they drew Joseph up and lifted him out of the pit, and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty shekels of silver. They took Joseph to Egypt.

Genesis 37:36
Meanwhile the Midianites had sold him in Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, the captain of the guard.

Genesis 39:1
Now Joseph had been brought down to Egypt, and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, the captain of the guard, an Egyptian, had bought him from the Ishmaelites who had brought him down there.

Genesis 45:5
And now do not be distressed or angry with yourselves because you sold me here, for God sent me before you to preserve life.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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