Proverbs 31:6
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Give strong drink to the one who is perishing, and wine to those in bitter distress;

King James Bible
Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto those that be of heavy hearts.

American Standard Version
Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, And wine unto the bitter in soul:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Give strong drink to them that are sad: and wine to them that are grieved in mind:

English Revised Version
Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto the bitter in soul:

Webster's Bible Translation
Give strong drink to him that is ready to perish, and wine to those that are of heavy hearts.

Proverbs 31:6 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Another proverb, the last of Agur's "Words" which exhorts to thoughtful, discreet demeanour, here follows the proverb of self-conscious, grave deportment:

32 If thou art foolish in that thou exaltest thyself,

     Or in devising, - put thy hand to thy mouth!

33 For the pressure on milk bringeth forth butter,

     And pressure on the nose bringeth forth blood,

     And pressure on sensibility bringeth forth altercation.

Lwenstein translates Proverbs 30:32 :

Art thou despicable, it is by boasting;

Art thou prudent, then hold thy hand on thy mouth.

But if זמם denotes reflection and deliberation, then נבל, as its opposite, denotes unreflecting, foolish conduct. Then בּהתנשּׂא ne by boasting is not to be regarded as a consequent (thus it happens by lifting thyself up; or: it is connected with boasting); by this construction also, אם־נבלתּ must be accented with Dechi, not with Tarcha. Otherwise Euchel:

Hast thou become offensive through pride,

Or seems it so to thee, - lay thy hand to thy mouth.

The thought is appropriate,

(Note: Yet the Talmud, Nidda 27a, derives another moral rule from this proverb, for it interprets זמם in the sense of זמם equals חסם, to tie up, to bridle, to shut up, but אם נבלת in the sense of "if thou hast made thyself despicable," as Lwenstein has done.)

continued...

Proverbs 31:6 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

strong

Psalm 104:15 And wine that makes glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengthens man's heart.

1 Timothy 5:23 Drink no longer water, but use a little wine for your stomach's sake and your often infirmities.

of heavy hearts or bitter of soul

1 Samuel 1:10 And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the LORD, and wept sore.

1 Samuel 30:6 And David was greatly distressed; for the people spoke of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved...

2 Kings 4:27 And when she came to the man of God to the hill, she caught him by the feet: but Gehazi came near to thrust her away...

Cross References
Job 3:20
"Why is light given to him who is in misery, and life to the bitter in soul,

Job 29:13
The blessing of him who was about to perish came upon me, and I caused the widow's heart to sing for joy.

Psalm 104:15
and wine to gladden the heart of man, oil to make his face shine and bread to strengthen man's heart.

Proverbs 31:7
let them drink and forget their poverty and remember their misery no more.

Isaiah 38:15
What shall I say? For he has spoken to me, and he himself has done it. I walk slowly all my years because of the bitterness of my soul.

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