Proverbs 31:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
lest they drink and forget what has been decreed and pervert the rights of all the afflicted.

King James Bible
Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.

American Standard Version
Lest they drink, and forget the law, And pervert the justice due to any that is afflicted.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And lest they drink and forget judgments, and pervert the cause of the children of the poor.

English Revised Version
Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any that is afflicted.

Webster's Bible Translation
Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.

Proverbs 31:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Another proverb, the last of Agur's "Words" which exhorts to thoughtful, discreet demeanour, here follows the proverb of self-conscious, grave deportment:

32 If thou art foolish in that thou exaltest thyself,

     Or in devising, - put thy hand to thy mouth!

33 For the pressure on milk bringeth forth butter,

     And pressure on the nose bringeth forth blood,

     And pressure on sensibility bringeth forth altercation.

Lwenstein translates Proverbs 30:32 :

Art thou despicable, it is by boasting;

Art thou prudent, then hold thy hand on thy mouth.

But if זמם denotes reflection and deliberation, then נבל, as its opposite, denotes unreflecting, foolish conduct. Then בּהתנשּׂא ne by boasting is not to be regarded as a consequent (thus it happens by lifting thyself up; or: it is connected with boasting); by this construction also, אם־נבלתּ must be accented with Dechi, not with Tarcha. Otherwise Euchel:

Hast thou become offensive through pride,

Or seems it so to thee, - lay thy hand to thy mouth.

The thought is appropriate,

(Note: Yet the Talmud, Nidda 27a, derives another moral rule from this proverb, for it interprets זמם in the sense of זמם equals חסם, to tie up, to bridle, to shut up, but אם נבלת in the sense of "if thou hast made thyself despicable," as Lwenstein has done.)

continued...

Proverbs 31:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

prevent

Habakkuk 2:5 Yes also, because he transgresses by wine, he is a proud man, neither keeps at home, who enlarges his desire as hell, and is as death...

Cross References
Exodus 23:6
"You shall not pervert the justice due to your poor in his lawsuit.

Leviticus 10:9
"Drink no wine or strong drink, you or your sons with you, when you go into the tent of meeting, lest you die. It shall be a statute forever throughout your generations.

Deuteronomy 16:19
You shall not pervert justice. You shall not show partiality, and you shall not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and subverts the cause of the righteous.

1 Kings 20:12
When Ben-hadad heard this message as he was drinking with the kings in the booths, he said to his men, "Take your positions." And they took their positions against the city.

Proverbs 17:15
He who justifies the wicked and he who condemns the righteous are both alike an abomination to the LORD.

Proverbs 18:5
It is not good to be partial to the wicked or to deprive the righteous of justice.

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