Proverbs 30:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The eye that mocks a father and scorns to obey a mother will be picked out by the ravens of the valley and eaten by the vultures.

King James Bible
The eye that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it.

American Standard Version
The eye that mocketh at his father, And despiseth to obey his mother, The ravens of the valley shall pick it out, And the young eagles shall eat it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The eye that mocketh at his father, and that despiseth the labour of his mother in bearing him, let the ravens of the brooks pick it out, and the young eagles eat it.

English Revised Version
The eye that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it.

Webster's Bible Translation
The eye that mocketh at its father, and despiseth to obey its mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it.

Proverbs 30:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

There now follows a Priamel,

(Note: Cf. vol. i. p. 13. The name (from praeambulum) given to a peculiar form of popular gnomic poetry which prevailed in Germany from the 12th (e.g., the Meistersinger or Minstrel Sparvogel) to the 16th century, but was especially cultivated during the 14th and 15th centuries. Its peculiarity consisted in this, that after a series of antecedents or subjects, a briefly-expressed consequent or predicate was introduced as the epigrammatic point applicable to all these antecedents together. Vid., Erschenburg's Denkmlern altdeutscher Dichtkinst, Bremen 1799.)

the first line of which is, by יקלל, connected with the יקללך of the preceding distich:

11 A generation that curseth their father,

     And doth not bless their mother;

12 A generation pure in their own eyes,

     And yet not washed from their filthiness;

13 A generation - how haughty their eyes,

     And their eyelids lift themselves up;

14 A generation whose teeth are swords and their jaw teeth knives

     To devour the poor from the earth and the needy from the midst of men.

Ewald translates: O generation! but that would have required the word, 13a, הדּור (Jeremiah 2:31), and one would have expected to have found something mentioned which the generation addressed were to take heed to; but it is not so. But if "O generation!" should be equivalent to "O regarding the generation!" then הוי ought to have introduced the sentence. And if we translate, with Luther: There is a generation, etc., then ישׁ is supplied, which might drop out, but could not be omitted. The lxx inserts after ἔκγονον the word κακόν, and then renders what follows as pred. - a simple expedient, but worthless. The Venet. does not need this expedient, for it renders γενεὰ τὸν πατέρα αὐτοῦ βλασφημέσει; but then the order of the words in 11a would have been דור יקלל אביו; and in 12a, after the manner of a subst. clause, דור טהור בעיניו הוא, one sees distinctly, from Proverbs 30:13 and Proverbs 30:14, that what follows דור is to be understood, not as a pred., but as an attributive clause. As little can we interpret Proverbs 30:14, with Lwenstein, as pred. of the three subj., "it is a generation whose teeth are swords;" that would at least have required the words דור הוא; but Proverbs 30:14 is not at all a judgment valid for all the three subjects. The Targ. and Jerome translate correctly, as we above;

(Note: The Syr. begins 11a as if הוי were to be supplied.)

but by this rendering there are four subjects in the preamble, and the whole appears, since the common pred. is wanting, as a mutilated Priamel. Perhaps the author meant to say: it is such a generation that encompasses us; or: such is an abomination to Jahve; for דור is a Gesamtheit equals totality, generation of men who are bound together by contemporary existence, or homogeneity, or by both, but always a totality; so that these Proverbs 30:11-14, might describe quatuor detestabilia genera hominum (C. B. Michaelis), and yet one generatio, which divide among themselves these four vices, of blackest ingratitude, loathsome self-righteousness, arrogant presumption, and unmerciful covetousness. Similar is the description given in the Mishna Sota ix. 14, of the character of the age in which the Messiah appeared. "The appearance of this age," thus it concludes, "is like the appearance of a dog; a son is not ashamed before his father; to whom will we then look for help? To our Father in heaven!"

continued...

Proverbs 30:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

eye

Proverbs 30:11 There is a generation that curses their father, and does not bless their mother.

Proverbs 20:20 Whoever curses his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.

Proverbs 23:22 Listen to your father that begat you, and despise not your mother when she is old.

Genesis 9:21-27 And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent...

Leviticus 20:9 For every one that curses his father or his mother shall be surely put to death: he has cursed his father or his mother...

Deuteronomy 21:18-21 If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and that...

2 Samuel 18:9,10,14-17 And Absalom met the servants of David. And Absalom rode on a mule, and the mule went under the thick boughs of a great oak...

the ravens

1 Samuel 17:44 And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will give your flesh to the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field.

2 Samuel 21:10 And Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth, and spread it for her on the rock...

valley or brook

Cross References
Genesis 9:22
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father and told his two brothers outside.

Deuteronomy 28:26
And your dead body shall be food for all birds of the air and for the beasts of the earth, and there shall be no one to frighten them away.

Proverbs 15:20
A wise son makes a glad father, but a foolish man despises his mother.

Proverbs 23:22
Listen to your father who gave you life, and do not despise your mother when she is old.

Proverbs 30:18
Three things are too wonderful for me; four I do not understand:

Malachi 1:6
"A son honors his father, and a servant his master. If then I am a father, where is my honor? And if I am a master, where is my fear? says the LORD of hosts to you, O priests, who despise my name. But you say, 'How have we despised your name?'

Jump to Previous
Despiseth Dig Eagles Eat Eaten Eye Makes Mocketh Mocks Mother Obedience Obey Pick Picked Ravens Rooted Scorns Sport Valley Value Vultures Young
Jump to Next
Despiseth Dig Eagles Eat Eaten Eye Makes Mocketh Mocks Mother Obedience Obey Pick Picked Ravens Rooted Scorns Sport Valley Value Vultures Young
Links
Proverbs 30:17 NIV
Proverbs 30:17 NLT
Proverbs 30:17 ESV
Proverbs 30:17 NASB
Proverbs 30:17 KJV

Proverbs 30:17 Bible Apps
Proverbs 30:17 Biblia Paralela
Proverbs 30:17 Chinese Bible
Proverbs 30:17 French Bible
Proverbs 30:17 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Proverbs 30:16
Top of Page
Top of Page