Proverbs 29:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
When the wicked increase, transgression increases, but the righteous will look upon their downfall.

King James Bible
When the wicked are multiplied, transgression increaseth: but the righteous shall see their fall.

American Standard Version
When the wicked are increased, transgression increaseth; But the righteous shall look upon their fall.

Douay-Rheims Bible
When the wicked are multiplied, crimes shall be multiplied: but the just shall see their downfall.

English Revised Version
When the wicked are increased, transgression increaseth: but the righteous shall look upon their fall.

Webster's Bible Translation
When the wicked are multiplied, transgression increaseth: but the righteous shall see their fall.

Proverbs 29:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

We now group together Proverbs 29:10-14. Of these, Proverbs 29:10 and Proverbs 29:11 are alike in respect of the tense used; Proverbs 29:12-14 have in common the pronoun pointing back to the first member.

10 Men of blood hate the guiltless

     And the upright; they attempt the life of such

The nearest lying translation of the second line would certainly be: the upright seek his soul (that of the guiltless). In accordance with the contrasted ישׂנאו, the Aram. understand the seeking of earnest benevolent seeking, but disregarding the נפשׁ in לנפשׁו;

(Note: The Targum translates תם, guiltlessness, and the Venet. (μισοῦσι) γνῶσιν, turning to Proverbs 1:22.)

Symmachus (ἐπιζητήσουσι), Jerome (quaerunt), and Luther thus also understand the sentence; and Rashi remarks that the phrase is here לשׁון חבּה, for he rests; but mistrusting himself, refers to 1 Samuel 21:1-15 :23. Ahron b. Josef glosses: to enter into friendship with him. Thus, on account of the contrast, most moderns, interpreting the phrase sensu bono, also Fleischer: probi autem vitam ejus conservare student. The thought is, as Proverbs 12:6 shows, correct; but the usus loq. protests against this rendering, which can rest only on Psalm 142:5, where, however, the poet does not say אין דּורשׁ נפשׁי, but, as here also the usus loq. requires, לנפשׁי. There are only three possible explanations which Aben Ezra enumerates: (1) they seek his, the bloody man's, soul, i.e., they attempt his life, to take vengeance against him, according to the meaning of the expressions as generally elsewhere, used, e.g., at Psalm 63:10; (2) they revenge his, the guiltless man's, life (lxx ἐκζητήσουσιν), which has fallen a victim, after the meaning in which elsewhere only בּקּשׁ דּם and דּרשׁ נפשׁ, Genesis 9:5, occur. This second meaning also is thus not in accordance with the usage of the words, and against both meanings it is to be said that it is not in the spirit of the Book of Proverbs to think of the ישׁרים [the upright, righteous] as executors of the sentences of the penal judicature. There thus remains

(Note: For εὐθεῖς δὲ συνάξουσιν (will bring away?) τὴν ψυχὴν αὐτῶν, understood after Jeremiah 45:5, lies linguistically yet further off.)

the interpretation (3): the upright - they (the bloody men) seek the soul of such an one. The transition from the plur. to the sing. is individualizing, and thus the arrangement of the words is like Genesis 47:21 : "And the people (as regards them), he removed them to the cities," Gesen. 145. 2. This last explanation recommends itself by the consideration that תם and ישׁרים are cognate as to the ideas they represents-let one call to mind the common expression תּם וישׁר [perfect and upright, e.g., Job 1:1; Job 2:3], - that the same persons are meant thereby, and it is rendered necessary by this, that the thought, "bloody men hate the guiltless," is incomplete; for the same thing may also be said of the godless in general. One expects to hear that just against the guiltless, i.e., men walking in their innocence, the bloody-mindedness of such men is specially directed, and 10b says the same thing; this second clause first brings the contrast to the point aimed at. Lutz is right in seeking to confute Hitzig, but he does so on striking grounds.

Proverbs 29:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the wicked

Proverbs 29:2 When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked bears rule, the people mourn.

but

Psalm 37:34,36 Wait on the LORD, and keep his way, and he shall exalt you to inherit the land: when the wicked are cut off, you shall see it...

Psalm 58:10 The righteous shall rejoice when he sees the vengeance: he shall wash his feet in the blood of the wicked.

Psalm 91:8 Only with your eyes shall you behold and see the reward of the wicked.

Psalm 92:9,11 For, see, your enemies, O LORD, for, see, your enemies shall perish; all the workers of iniquity shall be scattered...

Psalm 112:8 His heart is established, he shall not be afraid, until he see his desire on his enemies.

Revelation 15:4 Who shall not fear you, O Lord, and glorify your name? for you only are holy: for all nations shall come and worship before you...

Revelation 18:20 Rejoice over her, you heaven, and you holy apostles and prophets; for God has avenged you on her.

Cross References
Psalm 37:34
Wait for the LORD and keep his way, and he will exalt you to inherit the land; you will look on when the wicked are cut off.

Psalm 37:36
But he passed away, and behold, he was no more; though I sought him, he could not be found.

Psalm 58:10
The righteous will rejoice when he sees the vengeance; he will bathe his feet in the blood of the wicked.

Psalm 91:8
You will only look with your eyes and see the recompense of the wicked.

Psalm 92:11
My eyes have seen the downfall of my enemies; my ears have heard the doom of my evil assailants.

Proverbs 21:12
The Righteous One observes the house of the wicked; he throws the wicked down to ruin.

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