Proverbs 22:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Incline your ear, and hear the words of the wise, and apply your heart to my knowledge,

King James Bible
Bow down thine ear, and hear the words of the wise, and apply thine heart unto my knowledge.

American Standard Version
Incline thine ear, and hear the words of the wise, And apply thy heart unto my knowledge.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Incline thy ear, and hear the words of the wise: and apply thy heart to my doctrine :

English Revised Version
Incline thine ear, and hear the words of the wise, and apply thine heart unto my knowledge.

Webster's Bible Translation
Bow down thy ear, and hear the words of the wise, and apply thy heart to my knowledge.

Proverbs 22:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

11 He that loveth heart-purity,

     Whose is grace of lips, the king is his friend.

Thus with Hitzig, it is to be translated not: he who loveth with a pure heart - we may interpret טהור־לב syntactically in the sense of puritate cordis or purus corde (Ralbag, Ewald, after Proverbs 20:7), for that which follows אהב and is its supplement has to stand where possible as the accus. of the object; thus not: qui amat puritatem cordis, gratiosa erunt labia ejus (de Dieu, Geier, Schultens, C. B. Michaelis, Fleischer), for between heart-purity and graciousness of speech there exists a moral relation, but yet no necessary connection of sequence; also not: he who loves purity of heart, and grace on his lips (Aben Ezra, Schelling, Bertheau), for "to love the grace of one's own lips" is an awkward expression, which sounds more like reprehensible self-complacency than a praiseworthy endeavour after gracious speech. Excellently Luther:

"He who has a true heart and amiable speech,

The king is his friend."

טהור־לב is not adjectival, but substantival; טהר־ is thus not the constr. of the mas. טהור, as Job 17:10, but of the segolate טהר, or (since the ground-form of גּבהּ, 1 Samuel 16:7, may be גּבהּ as well as גּבהּ) of the neut. טהור, like קדשׁ, Psalm 46:5; Psalm 65:5 : that which is pure, the being pure equals purity (Schultens). הן שׂפתיו (gracefulness of his lips) is the second subject with the force of a relative clause, although not exactly thus thought of, but: one loving heart-purity, gracefulness on his lips - the king is his friend. Ewald otherwise: "he will be the king's friend," after the scheme Proverbs 13:4; but here unnecessarily refined. A counsellor and associate who is governed by a pure intention, and connects therewith a gentle and amiable manner of speech and conversation, attaches the king to himself; the king is the רעה (רע), the friend of such an one, and he also is "the friend of the king," 1 Kings 4:5. It is a Solomonic proverb, the same in idea as Proverbs 16:13. The lxx, Syr., and Targ. introduce after אהב the name of God; but 11b does not syntactically admit of this addition. But it is worth while to take notice of an interpretation which is proposed by Jewish interpreters: the friend of such an one is a king, i.e., he can royally rejoice in him and boast of him. The thought is beautiful; but, as the comparison of other proverbs speaking of the king shows, is not intended.

Proverbs 22:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

bow

Proverbs 2:2-5 So that you incline your ear to wisdom, and apply your heart to understanding...

Proverbs 5:1,2 My son, attend to my wisdom, and bow your ear to my understanding...

and hear

Proverbs 1:3 To receive the instruction of wisdom, justice, and judgment, and equity;

Proverbs 3:1 My son, forget not my law; but let your heart keep my commandments:

Proverbs 4:4-8 He taught me also, and said to me, Let your heart retain my words: keep my commandments, and live...

Proverbs 8:33,34 Hear instruction, and be wise, and refuse it not...

Isaiah 55:3 Incline your ear, and come to me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you...

Matthew 17:5 While he yet spoke, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son...

apply

Proverbs 23:12 Apply your heart to instruction, and your ears to the words of knowledge.

Psalm 90:12 So teach us to number our days, that we may apply our hearts to wisdom.

Ecclesiastes 7:25 I applied my heart to know, and to search, and to seek out wisdom, and the reason of things, and to know the wickedness of folly...

Ecclesiastes 8:9,16 All this have I seen, and applied my heart to every work that is done under the sun...

Cross References
Proverbs 2:2
making your ear attentive to wisdom and inclining your heart to understanding;

Proverbs 5:1
My son, be attentive to my wisdom; incline your ear to my understanding,

Proverbs 24:23
These also are sayings of the wise. Partiality in judging is not good.

Ecclesiastes 12:11
The words of the wise are like goads, and like nails firmly fixed are the collected sayings; they are given by one Shepherd.

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