Proverbs 20:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
A king who sits on the throne of judgment winnows all evil with his eyes.

King James Bible
A king that sitteth in the throne of judgment scattereth away all evil with his eyes.

American Standard Version
A king that sitteth on the throne of judgment Scattereth away all evil with his eyes.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The king, that sitteth on the throne of judgment, scattereth away all evil with his look.

English Revised Version
A king that sitteth on the throne of judgment scattereth away all evil with his eyes.

Webster's Bible Translation
A king that sitteth on the throne of judgment scattereth away all evil with his eyes.

Proverbs 20:8 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

2 A roaring as of a lion is the terror of the king;

   And he that provoketh him forfeiteth his life.

Line first is a variation of Proverbs 19:12. The terror which a king spreads around (מלך, gen. subjecti., as, e.g., at Job 9:34 and generally) is like the growling of a lion which threatens danger. The thought here suggested is that it is dangerous to arouse a lion. Thus מתעבּרו does not mean: he who is angry at him (Venet.: χολούμενος αὐτῷ), but he who provokes him (lxx, Syr., Targ., Jerome, Luther). התעבּר signifies, as we saw at Proverbs 14:16, to be in a state of excessive displeasure, extreme anger. Here the meaning must be: he who puts him into a state of anger (lxx, ὁ παροξύνων αὐτόν, in other versions with the addition of καὶ ἐπιμιγνύμενος, who conducts himself familiarly towards him equals מתערבו). But can mitharvo have this meaning? That the Hithpa. of transitive stems, e.g., התחגּן (1 Kings 8:59) and השׁתּמּר (Micah 6:16), is construed with the accus. of that which any one performs for himself (cf. Ewald's Gramm. Arab. 180), is not unusual; but can the Hithpa. of the intrans. עבר, which signifies to fall into a passion, "express with the accusative the passion of another excited thereby" (Ewald, 282a)? There is no evidence for this; and Hitzig's conjecture, מתעבּרו (Tiphel of the Targ. תּעבור equals עברה), is thus not without occasion. But one might suppose that התעבּר, as the reflexive of a Piel or Hiphil which meant to be put into a state of anger, may mean to draw forth the anger of any one, as in Arab., the VIIIth form (Hithpa.) of ḥaḍr, to be present, with the accus. as reflexive of the IVth form, may mean: sibi aliquid praesens sistere. Not so difficult is חטא with the accus. of that which is missing, vid., Proverbs 8:36 and Habakkuk 2:10.

Proverbs 20:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Proverbs 20:26 A wise king scatters the wicked, and brings the wheel over them.

Proverbs 16:12 It is an abomination to kings to commit wickedness: for the throne is established by righteousness.

Proverbs 29:14 The king that faithfully judges the poor, his throne shall be established for ever.

1 Samuel 23:3,4 And David's men said to him, Behold, we be afraid here in Judah...

2 Samuel 23:4 And he shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun rises, even a morning without clouds...

Psalm 72:4 He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor.

Psalm 92:9 For, see, your enemies, O LORD, for, see, your enemies shall perish; all the workers of iniquity shall be scattered.

Psalm 99:4 The king's strength also loves judgment; you do establish equity, you execute judgment and righteousness in Jacob.

Psalm 101:6-8 My eyes shall be on the faithful of the land, that they may dwell with me: he that walks in a perfect way, he shall serve me...

Isaiah 32:1 Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule in judgment.

Cross References
Matthew 12:30
Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me scatters.

1 Kings 7:7
And he made the Hall of the Throne where he was to pronounce judgment, even the Hall of Judgment. It was finished with cedar from floor to rafters.

Proverbs 20:26
A wise king winnows the wicked and drives the wheel over them.

Proverbs 25:5
take away the wicked from the presence of the king, and his throne will be established in righteousness.

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