Proverbs 19:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
All a poor man’s brothers hate him; how much more do his friends go far from him! He pursues them with words, but does not have them.

King James Bible
All the brethren of the poor do hate him: how much more do his friends go far from him? he pursueth them with words, yet they are wanting to him.

American Standard Version
All the brethren of the poor do hate him: How much more do his friends go far from him! He pursueth them with words, but they are gone.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The brethren of the poor man hate him: moreover also his friends have departed far from him. He that followeth after words only, shall have nothing.

English Revised Version
All the brethren of the poor do hate him: how much more do his friends go far from him! he pursueth them with words, but they are gone.

Webster's Bible Translation
All the brethren of the poor do hate him: how much more do his friends go far from him? he pursueth them with words, yet they are wanting to him.

Proverbs 19:7 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The plur. רעים, Proverbs 18:24, is emphatic and equivalent to רעים רבּים. The group Proverbs 19:1-4 closes with a proverb which contains this catchword. The first proverb of the group comes by שׂפתיו into contact with Proverbs 18:20, the first proverb of the preceding group.

1 Better a poor man walking in his innocence,

   Than one with perverse lips, and so a fool.

The contrast, Proverbs 28:6, is much clearer. But to correct this proverb in conformity with that, as Hitzig does, is unwarrantable. The Syr., indeed, translates here as there; but the Chald. assimilates this translation to the Heb. text, which Theodotion, and after him the Syro-Hexapl., renders by ὑπὲρ στρεβλόχειλον ἄφρονα. But does 1a form a contrast to 1b? Fleischer remarks: "From the contrast it appears that he who is designated in 1b must be thought of as עשׁיר" [rich]; and Ewald, "Thus early the ideas of a rich man and of a fool, or a despiser of God, are connected together." Saadia understands כסיל [a fool], after Job 31:24, of one who makes riches his כּסל [confidence]. Euchel accordingly translates: the false man, although he builds himself greatly up, viz., on his riches. But כסיל designates the intellectually slothful, in whom the flesh overweighs the mind. And the representation of the rich, which, for 1b certainly arises out of 1a, does not amalgamate with כסיל htiw , but with עקּשׁ שׂפתיו. Arama is on the right track, for he translates: the rich who distorts his mouth, for he gives to the poor suppliant a rude refusal. Better Zckler: a proud man of perverse lips and haughty demeanour. If one with haughty, scornful lips is opposed to the poor, then it is manifestly one not poor who thinks to raise himself above the poor, and haughtily looks down on him. And if it is said that, in spite of this proud demeanour, he is a fool, then this presents the figure of one proud of his wealth, who, in spite of his emptiness and nequitia, imagines that he possesses a greatness of knowledge, culture, and worth corresponding to the greatness of his riches. How much better is a poor man than such an one who walketh (vid., on תּם, vol. i, p. 79) in his innocence and simplicity, with his pure mind wholly devoted to God and to that which is good! - his poverty keeps him in humility which is capable of no malicious conduct; and this pious blameless life is of more worth than the pride of wisdom of the distinguished fool. There is in contrast to עקּשׁוּת a simplicity, ἁπλότης, of high moral worth; but, on the other side, there is also a simplicity which is worthless. This is the connecting thought which introduces the next verse.

Proverbs 19:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the brethren

Proverbs 19:4 Wealth makes many friends; but the poor is separated from his neighbor.

Proverbs 14:20 The poor is hated even of his own neighbor: but the rich has many friends.

Psalm 38:11 My lovers and my friends stand aloof from my sore; and my kinsmen stand afar off.

Psalm 88:8,18 You have put away my acquaintance far from me; you have made me an abomination to them: I am shut up, and I cannot come forth...

Ecclesiastes 9:15,16 Now there was found in it a poor wise man, and he by his wisdom delivered the city; yet no man remembered that same poor man...

James 2:6 But you have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats?

he

Proverbs 21:13 Whoever stops his ears at the cry of the poor, he also shall cry himself, but shall not be heard.

Luke 18:38-40 And he cried, saying, Jesus, you son of David, have mercy on me...

yet

Proverbs 18:23 The poor uses entreaties; but the rich answers roughly.

James 2:15,16 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food...

1 John 3:17,18 But whoever has this world's good, and sees his brother have need, and shuts up his bowels of compassion from him...

Cross References
Psalm 38:11
My friends and companions stand aloof from my plague, and my nearest kin stand far off.

Proverbs 10:15
A rich man's wealth is his strong city; the poverty of the poor is their ruin.

Proverbs 14:20
The poor is disliked even by his neighbor, but the rich has many friends.

Proverbs 18:23
The poor use entreaties, but the rich answer roughly.

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