Proverbs 18:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
It is not good to be partial to the wicked or to deprive the righteous of justice.

King James Bible
It is not good to accept the person of the wicked, to overthrow the righteous in judgment.

American Standard Version
To respect the person of the wicked is not good, Nor to turn aside the righteous in judgment.

Douay-Rheims Bible
It is not good to accept the person of the wicked, to decline from the truth of judgment.

English Revised Version
To accept the person of the wicked is not good, nor to turn aside the righteous in judgment.

Webster's Bible Translation
It is not good to accept the person of the wicked, to overthrow the righteous in judgment.

Proverbs 18:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

27 He that keepeth his words to himself hath knowledge,

     And the cool of temper is a man of understanding.

The first line here is a variation of Proverbs 10:19. The phrase ידע דּעת (here and at Daniel 1:4) means to possess knowledge (novisse); more frequently it is בּינה ידע, e.g., Proverbs 4:1, where ידע has the inchoative sense of noscere. In 27b the Kerı̂ is יקר־רוח. Jerome translates it pretiosi spiritus, the Venet. τίμιος τὸ πνεῦμα. Rashi glosses יקר here, as at 1 Samuel 3:1, by מנוע (thus to be read after codd.), retentus spiritu; most interpreters remark that the spirit here comes into view as expressing itself in words. It is scarcely correct to say that יקר דּברים could designate one who is sparing in his words, but יקר־רוּח is, according to the fundamental conception of the verb יקר, gravis spiritu (Schultens), of a dignified, composed spirit; it is a quiet seriousness proceeding from high conscientiousness, and maintaining itself in self-control, which is designated by this word. But the Chethı̂b וקר־רוּח presents almost the same description of character. קר from קרר (of the same root as יקר) means to be firm, unmoveable, καρτερὸν εἶναι, hence to be congealed, frozen, cold (cf. frigus with rigere, rigor), figuratively to be cold-blooded, passionless, quiet, composed (Fl.); cf. post-bibl. קרת רוּח (Arab. ḳurrat‛ain), cooling equals refreshing, ἀνάψυξις (Acts 3:20).

(Note: "He has made my eye glowing" (askhn, cf. שׁחין) is in Arab. equivalent to "he has deeply troubled me." The eye of the benevolent is bârid, and in the Semitic manner of expression, with deep psychological significance, it is said that the tears of sorrow are hot, but those of joy cold.)

Whether we read יקר or קר, in any case we are not to translate rarus spiritu, which, apart from the impossibility of the expression, makes 27b almost a tautological repetition of the thought of 27a. The first line recommends bridling of the tongue, in contrast to inconsiderate and untimely talk; the second line recommends coldness, i.e., equanimity of spirit, in contrast to passionate heat.

Proverbs 18:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

not

Proverbs 24:23 These things also belong to the wise. It is not good to have respect of persons in judgment.

Proverbs 28:21 To have respect of persons is not good: for for a piece of bread that man will transgress.

Leviticus 19:15 You shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: you shall not respect the person of the poor, nor honor the person of the mighty...

Deuteronomy 1:16,17 And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between your brothers...

Deuteronomy 16:19 You shall not wrest judgment; you shall not respect persons, neither take a gift: for a gift does blind the eyes of the wise...

Job 13:7,8 Will you speak wickedly for God? and talk deceitfully for him...

Job 34:19 How much less to him that accepts not the persons of princes, nor regards the rich more than the poor?...

Matthew 22:16 And they sent out to him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, Master, we know that you are true...

to overthrow

1 Kings 21:9-14 And she wrote in the letters, saying, Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people...

Isaiah 5:23 Which justify the wicked for reward, and take away the righteousness of the righteous from him!

Isaiah 59:14 And judgment is turned away backward, and justice stands afar off: for truth is fallen in the street, and equity cannot enter.

Micah 7:3 That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asks, and the judge asks for a reward; and the great man...

Cross References
Exodus 23:2
You shall not fall in with the many to do evil, nor shall you bear witness in a lawsuit, siding with the many, so as to pervert justice,

Exodus 23:6
"You shall not pervert the justice due to your poor in his lawsuit.

Leviticus 19:15
"You shall do no injustice in court. You shall not be partial to the poor or defer to the great, but in righteousness shall you judge your neighbor.

Deuteronomy 1:17
You shall not be partial in judgment. You shall hear the small and the great alike. You shall not be intimidated by anyone, for the judgment is God's. And the case that is too hard for you, you shall bring to me, and I will hear it.'

Deuteronomy 16:19
You shall not pervert justice. You shall not show partiality, and you shall not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and subverts the cause of the righteous.

Psalm 82:2
"How long will you judge unjustly and show partiality to the wicked? Selah

Proverbs 17:15
He who justifies the wicked and he who condemns the righteous are both alike an abomination to the LORD.

Jump to Previous
Accept Acceptance Decision Deprive Evil-Doer Face Faces Good Innocent Judgment Justice Overthrow Partial Partiality Respect Righteous Show Thrust Turn Wicked Wrong
Jump to Next
Accept Acceptance Decision Deprive Evil-Doer Face Faces Good Innocent Judgment Justice Overthrow Partial Partiality Respect Righteous Show Thrust Turn Wicked Wrong
Links
Proverbs 18:5 NIV
Proverbs 18:5 NLT
Proverbs 18:5 ESV
Proverbs 18:5 NASB
Proverbs 18:5 KJV

Proverbs 18:5 Bible Apps
Proverbs 18:5 Biblia Paralela
Proverbs 18:5 Chinese Bible
Proverbs 18:5 French Bible
Proverbs 18:5 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Proverbs 18:4
Top of Page
Top of Page