Proverbs 18:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The poor use entreaties, but the rich answer roughly.

King James Bible
The poor useth intreaties; but the rich answereth roughly.

American Standard Version
The poor useth entreaties; But the rich answereth roughly.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The poor will speak with supplications, and the rich will speak roughly.

English Revised Version
The poor useth entreaties: but the rich answereth roughly.

Webster's Bible Translation
The poor useth entreaties; but the rich answereth roughly.

Proverbs 18:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

17 He that is first in his controversy is right;

     But there cometh another and searcheth him thoroughly -

an exhortation to be cautious in a lawsuit, and not to justify without more ado him who first brings forward his cause, and supports it by reasons, since, if the second party afterwards search into the reasons of the first, they show themselves untenable. הראשׁון בּריבו are to be taken together; the words are equivalent to אשׁר יבא בריבו בראשׁונה: qui prior cum causa sua venit, i.e., eam ad judicem defert (Fl.). הראשׁון may, however, also of itself alone be qui prior venit; and בריבו will be taken with צדיק: justus qui prior venit in causa sua (esse videtur). The accentuation rightly leaves the relation undecided. Instead of יבא (יבא) the Kerı̂ has וּבא, as it elsewhere, at one time, changes the fut. into the perf. with ו (e.g., Proverbs 20:4; Jeremiah 6:21); and, at another time, the perf. with ו into the fut. (e.g., Psalm 10:10; Isaiah 5:29). But here, where the perf. consec. is not so admissible, as Proverbs 6:11; Proverbs 20:4, the fut. ought to remain unchanged. רעהוּ is the other part, synon. with בעל דין חברו, Sanhedrin 7b, where the אזהרה לבית־דין (admonition for the court of justice) is derived from Deuteronomy 1:16, to hear the accused at the same time with the accuser, that nothing of the latter may be adopted beforehand. This proverb is just such an audiatur et altera pars. The status controversiae is only brought fairly into the light by the hearing of the altera pars: then comes the other and examines him (the first) to the very bottom. חקר, elsewhere with the accus. of the thing, e.g., ריב ,., thoroughly to search into a strife, Job 29:16, is here, as at Job 28:11, connected with the accus. of the person: to examine or lay bare any one thoroughly; here, so that the misrepresentations of the state of the matter might come out to view along with the reasons assigned by the accuser.

Proverbs 18:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

poor

Ruth 2:7 And she said, I pray you, let me glean and gather after the reapers among the sheaves: so she came...

1 Samuel 2:36 And it shall come to pass...

2 Kings 4:1,2 Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets to Elisha, saying, Your servant my husband is dead...

Isaiah 66:2 For all those things has my hand made, and all those things have been, said the LORD: but to this man will I look...

Matthew 5:3 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

James 1:9-11 Let the brother of low degree rejoice in that he is exalted...

rich

Genesis 42:7,30 And Joseph saw his brothers, and he knew them, but made himself strange to them, and spoke roughly to them; and he said to them...

Exodus 5:2 And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go.

1 Samuel 25:10,17 And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who is David? and who is the son of Jesse...

James 2:3 And you have respect to him that wears the gay clothing, and say to him, Sit you here in a good place; and say to the poor...

Cross References
James 2:3
and if you pay attention to the one who wears the fine clothing and say, "You sit here in a good place," while you say to the poor man, "You stand over there," or, "Sit down at my feet,"

James 2:6
But you have dishonored the poor man. Are not the rich the ones who oppress you, and the ones who drag you into court?

1 Kings 12:13
And the king answered the people harshly, and forsaking the counsel that the old men had given him,

2 Chronicles 10:13
And the king answered them harshly; and forsaking the counsel of the old men,

Proverbs 19:7
All a poor man's brothers hate him; how much more do his friends go far from him! He pursues them with words, but does not have them.

Proverbs 22:7
The rich rules over the poor, and the borrower is the slave of the lender.

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