Proverbs 13:25
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The righteous has enough to satisfy his appetite, but the belly of the wicked suffers want.

King James Bible
The righteous eateth to the satisfying of his soul: but the belly of the wicked shall want.

American Standard Version
The righteous eateth to the satisfying of his soul; But the belly of the wicked shall want.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The just eateth and filleth his soul: but the belly of the wicked is never to be filled.

English Revised Version
The righteous eateth to the satisfying of his soul: but the belly of the wicked shall want.

Webster's Bible Translation
The righteous eateth to the satisfying of his soul: but the belly of the wicked shall want.

Proverbs 13:25 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Two pairs of proverbs regarding fools and wise men, ranged together by catchwords.

19 Quickened desire is sweet to the soul,

     And it is an abomination to fools to avoid evil.

A synthetic distich, the first line of which, viewed by itself, is only a feebler expression of that which is said in Proverbs 13:12, for תּאוה נהיה is essentially of the same meaning as תאוה באה, not the desire that has just arisen and is not yet appeased (Umbreit, Hitzig, Zckler), which when expressed by a part. of the same verb would be הוה ( equals אשׁר היתה), but the desire that is appeased (Jerome, Luther, also Venet. ἔφεσις γενομένη, i.e., after Kimchi: in the fulfilling of past desire; on the contrary, the Syr., Targ. render the phrase נאוה of becoming desire). The Niph. נהיה denotes not the passing into a state of being, but the being carried out into historical reality, e.g., Ezekiel 21:12; Ezekiel 39:8, where it is connected with באה; it is always the expression of the completed fact to which there is a looking back, e.g., Judges 20:3; and this sense of the Niph. stands so fast, that it even means to be done, finished (brought to an end), to be out, to be done with anything, e.g., Daniel 2:1.

(Note: We have said, p. 156, that a Niph. in which the peculiar causative meaning of the Hiph. would be rendered passively is without example; we must here with נהיה add, that the Niph. of intransitive verbs denotes the entrance into the condition expressed by the Kal, and may certainly be regarded, according to our way of thinking, as passive of the Hiphil (Gesen. 51, 2). But the old language shows no ההוה to which נהיה (Arab. âinhaway, in Mutenebbi) stood as passive; in the Arab. also the seventh form, rightly regarded, is always formed from the first, vid., Fleischer's Beitrge, u.s.w., in the Sitzungs-Bericht. d. Schs. Gesellschaft d. Wiss. 1863, p. 172f.)

The sentence, that fulfilled desire does good to the soul, appears commonplace (Hitzig); but it is comprehensive enough on the ground of Hebrews 11 to cheer even a dying person, and conceals the ethically significant truth that the blessedness of vision is measured by the degree of the longing of faith. But the application of the clause in its pairing with 19b acquires another aspect. On this account, because the desire of the soul is pleasant in its fulfilment, fools abhor the renouncing of evil, for their desire is directed to that which is morally worthless and blameworthy, and the endeavour, which they closely and constantly adhere to, is to reach the attainment of this desire. This subordinate proposition of the conclusion is unexpressed. The pairing of the two lines of the proverb may have been occasioned by the resemblance in sound of תועבת and תּאוה. סוּר is n. actionis, like Proverbs 16:17, cf. 6. Besides, it in to be observed that the proverb speaks of fools and not of the godless. Folly is that which causes that men do not break free from evil, for it is the deceit of sinful lust which binds them fast thereto.

Proverbs 13:25 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

righteous

Psalm 34:10 The young lions do lack, and suffer hunger: but they that seek the LORD shall not want any good thing.

Psalm 37:3,16,18,19 Trust in the LORD, and do good; so shall you dwell in the land, and truly you shall be fed...

1 Timothy 4:8 For bodily exercise profits little: but godliness is profitable to all things, having promise of the life that now is...

Hebrews 13:5 Let your conversation be without covetousness; and be content with such things as you have: for he has said, I will never leave you...

the belly

Proverbs 6:11 So shall your poverty come as one that travels, and your want as an armed man.

Proverbs 24:34 So shall your poverty come as one that travels; and your want as an armed man.

Deuteronomy 28:48 Therefore shall you serve your enemies which the LORD shall send against you, in hunger, and in thirst, and in nakedness...

Deuteronomy 32:24 They shall be burnt with hunger, and devoured with burning heat, and with bitter destruction...

Isaiah 65:13,14 Therefore thus said the Lord GOD, Behold, my servants shall eat, but you shall be hungry: behold, my servants shall drink...

2 Thessalonians 3:10 For even when we were with you, this we commanded you, that if any would not work, neither should he eat.

Cross References
Luke 15:14
And when he had spent everything, a severe famine arose in that country, and he began to be in need.

Psalm 34:10
The young lions suffer want and hunger; but those who seek the LORD lack no good thing.

Psalm 103:5
who satisfies you with good so that your youth is renewed like the eagle's.

Psalm 132:15
I will abundantly bless her provisions; I will satisfy her poor with bread.

Proverbs 10:3
The LORD does not let the righteous go hungry, but he thwarts the craving of the wicked.

Proverbs 13:18
Poverty and disgrace come to him who ignores instruction, but whoever heeds reproof is honored.

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