Proverbs 12:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The vexation of a fool is known at once, but the prudent ignores an insult.

King James Bible
A fool's wrath is presently known: but a prudent man covereth shame.

American Standard Version
A fool's vexation is presently known; But a prudent man concealeth shame.

Douay-Rheims Bible
A fool immediately sheweth his anger: but he that dissembleth injuries is wise.

English Revised Version
A fool's vexation is presently known: but a prudent man concealeth shame.

Webster's Bible Translation
A fool's wrath is presently known: but a prudent man covereth shame.

Proverbs 12:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

10 The righteous knows how his cattle feel,

     And the compassion of the godless is cruel.

The explanation: the righteous taketh care for the life of his beast (Fl.), fails, for 10a is to be taken with Exodus 23:9; נפשׁ signifies also the state of one's soul, the frame of mind, the state of feeling; but ידע has, as in the related proverb, Proverbs 27:23, the meaning of careful cognizance or investigation, in conformity with which one acts. If the Tor includes in the law of the Sabbath (Exodus 20:10; Exodus 23:12) useful beasts and cattle, which are here especially meant, and secures to them the reward of their labour (Deuteronomy 25:4); if it forbids the mutilation, and generally the giving of unnecessary pain, to beasts; if it enjoins those who take a bird's nest to let the dam escape (Deuteronomy 22:6.) - these are the prefigurations of that דעת נפש בהמה, and as the God of the Tor thus appears at the close of the Book of Jonah, this wonderful apology (defensio) of the all-embracing compassion, the God also of the world-history in this sympathy for the beasts of the earth as the type of the righteous.

In 10b most interpreters find an oxymoron: the compassion of the godless is compassionless, the direct opposite of compassion; i.e., he possesses either altogether no compassion, or he shows such as in its principle, its expression, and in its effects is the opposite of what it ought to be (Fl.). Bertheau believes that in the sing. of the predicate אכזרי he is justified in translating: the compassion of the wicked is a tyranny. And as one may speak of a loveless love, i.e., of a love which in its principle is nothing else than selfishness, so also of a compassionless compassion, such as consists only in gesture and speech without truth of feeling and of active results. But how such a compassionless compassion toward the cattle, and one which is really cruel, is possible, it may be difficult to show. Hitzig's conjecture, רחמי, sprang from this thought: the most merciful among sinners are cruel - the sinner is as such not רחוּם. The lxx is right in the rendering, τὰ δὲ σπλάγχνα τῶν ἀσεβῶν ἀνελεήμονα. The noun רחמים means here not compassion, but, as in Genesis 43:30 (lxx ἔντερα or ἔγκατα) and 1 Kings 3:26 (lxx μήτρα), has the meaning the bowels (properly tender parts, cf. Arab. rakhuma, to be soft, tender, with rḥm), and thus the interior of the body, in which deep emotions, and especially strong sympathy, are wont to be reflected (cf. Hosea 10:8). The singular of the predicate אכזרי arises here from the unity of the subject-conception: the inwards, as Jeremiah 50:12, from the reference of the expression to each individual of the many.

Proverbs 12:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

fool's

Proverbs 25:28 He that has no rule over his own spirit is like a city that is broken down, and without walls.

Proverbs 29:11 A fool utters all his mind: but a wise man keeps it in till afterwards.

1 Samuel 20:30-34 Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, You son of the perverse rebellious woman...

1 Kings 19:1,2 And Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done, and with how he had slain all the prophets with the sword...

presently or in that day

Proverbs 10:12 Hatred stirs up strifes: but love covers all sins.

Proverbs 16:22 Understanding is a wellspring of life to him that has it: but the instruction of fools is folly.

Proverbs 17:9 He that covers a transgression seeks love; but he that repeats a matter separates very friends.

Proverbs 29:11 A fool utters all his mind: but a wise man keeps it in till afterwards.

James 1:19 Why, my beloved brothers, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath:

Cross References
Job 5:2
Surely vexation kills the fool, and jealousy slays the simple.

Proverbs 12:17
Whoever speaks the truth gives honest evidence, but a false witness utters deceit.

Proverbs 14:33
Wisdom rests in the heart of a man of understanding, but it makes itself known even in the midst of fools.

Proverbs 27:3
A stone is heavy, and sand is weighty, but a fool's provocation is heavier than both.

Proverbs 29:11
A fool gives full vent to his spirit, but a wise man quietly holds it back.

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