Proverbs 10:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He who gathers in summer is a prudent son, but he who sleeps in harvest is a son who brings shame.

King James Bible
He that gathereth in summer is a wise son: but he that sleepeth in harvest is a son that causeth shame.

American Standard Version
He that gathereth in summer is a wise son; But he that sleepeth in harvest is a son that causeth shame.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that gathered in the harvest is a wise son: but he that snorteth in the summer, is the son of confusion.

English Revised Version
He that gathereth in summer is a wise son: but he that sleepeth in harvest is a son that causeth shame.

Webster's Bible Translation
He that gathereth in summer is a wise son: but he that sleepeth in harvest is a son that causeth shame.

Proverbs 10:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The woman, who in her own person serves as a sign to her house, addresses those who pass by in their innocence (לתמּם, 2 Samuel 15:11):

16 "Whoso is simple, let him turn in hither!"

     And if any one is devoid of understanding, she saith to him:

17 "Stolen waters taste sweet,

     And the bread of secrecy is pleasant."

פּתי (folly, simplicity) has a side accessible to good and its contrary: Wisdom is connected with the one side, and Folly with the other. And as the חסר־לב offers a vacuum to Wisdom which may perhaps be filled with the right contents, so is this vacuum welcome to Folly, because it meets there no resistance. In this sense, Proverbs 9:16 is like Proverbs 9:4 (excepting the addition of a connecting and of a concluding ו: et si quis excors, tum dicit ei); the word is the same in both, but the meaning, according to the two speakers, is different. That to which they both invite is the pleasure of her fellowship, under the symbol of eating and drinking; in the one case it is intellectual and spiritual enjoyment, in the other sensual. That Wisdom offers (Proverbs 9:5) bread and wine, and Folly water and bread, has its reason in this, that the particular pleasure to which the latter invites is of a sensual kind; for to drink water out of his own or out of another fountain is (Proverbs 3:15-20) the symbol of intercourse in married life, or of intercourse between the unmarried, particularly of adulterous intercourse. מים גּנוּבים (correct texts have it thus, without the Makkeph) is sexual intercourse which is stolen from him who has a right thereto, thus carnal intercourse with אושׁת אישׁ; and לחם סתרים fleshly lust, which, because it is contrary to the law, must seek (cf. furtum, secret love intrigue) concealment (סתרים, extensive plur., as מעמקּים; Bttcher, 694). Just such pleasure, after which one wipes his mouth as if he had done nothing (Proverbs 30:20), is for men who are without wisdom sweet (מתק, Job 20:12) and pleasant; the prohibition of it gives to such pleasure attraction, and the secrecy adds seasoning; and just such enjoyments the כסילות, personified carnality, offers. But woe to him who, befooled, enters her house!

Proverbs 10:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

gathereth

Proverbs 6:6,8 Go to the ant, you sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise...

Proverbs 30:25 The ants are a people not strong, yet they prepare their meat in the summer;

Isaiah 55:6,7 Seek you the LORD while he may be found, call you on him while he is near...

a son

Proverbs 12:4 A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that makes ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

Proverbs 17:2 A wise servant shall have rule over a son that causes shame, and shall have part of the inheritance among the brothers.

Proverbs 19:26 He that wastes his father, and chases away his mother, is a son that causes shame, and brings reproach.

Cross References
Proverbs 6:8
she prepares her bread in summer and gathers her food in harvest.

Proverbs 10:4
A slack hand causes poverty, but the hand of the diligent makes rich.

Proverbs 10:6
Blessings are on the head of the righteous, but the mouth of the wicked conceals violence.

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Acts Causes Causeth Crops Cut Disgraceful Gathereth Gathering Gathers Gets Grain Harvest Prudent Rest Shame Shamefully Sleepeth Sleeping Sleeps Store Summer Together Wise Wisely
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Acts Causes Causeth Crops Cut Disgraceful Gathereth Gathering Gathers Gets Grain Harvest Prudent Rest Shame Shamefully Sleepeth Sleeping Sleeps Store Summer Together Wise Wisely
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