Proverbs 10:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
A slack hand causes poverty, but the hand of the diligent makes rich.

King James Bible
He becometh poor that dealeth with a slack hand: but the hand of the diligent maketh rich.

American Standard Version
He becometh poor that worketh with a slack hand; But the hand of the diligent maketh rich.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The slothful hand hath wrought poverty: but the hand of the industrious getteth riches. He that trusteth to lies feedeth the winds: and the same runneth after birds that fly away.

English Revised Version
He becometh poor that dealeth with a slack hand: but the hand of the diligent maketh rich.

Webster's Bible Translation
He becometh poor that dealeth with a slack hand: but the hand of the diligent maketh rich.

Proverbs 10:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The woman, who in her own person serves as a sign to her house, addresses those who pass by in their innocence (לתמּם, 2 Samuel 15:11):

16 "Whoso is simple, let him turn in hither!"

     And if any one is devoid of understanding, she saith to him:

17 "Stolen waters taste sweet,

     And the bread of secrecy is pleasant."

פּתי (folly, simplicity) has a side accessible to good and its contrary: Wisdom is connected with the one side, and Folly with the other. And as the חסר־לב offers a vacuum to Wisdom which may perhaps be filled with the right contents, so is this vacuum welcome to Folly, because it meets there no resistance. In this sense, Proverbs 9:16 is like Proverbs 9:4 (excepting the addition of a connecting and of a concluding ו: et si quis excors, tum dicit ei); the word is the same in both, but the meaning, according to the two speakers, is different. That to which they both invite is the pleasure of her fellowship, under the symbol of eating and drinking; in the one case it is intellectual and spiritual enjoyment, in the other sensual. That Wisdom offers (Proverbs 9:5) bread and wine, and Folly water and bread, has its reason in this, that the particular pleasure to which the latter invites is of a sensual kind; for to drink water out of his own or out of another fountain is (Proverbs 3:15-20) the symbol of intercourse in married life, or of intercourse between the unmarried, particularly of adulterous intercourse. מים גּנוּבים (correct texts have it thus, without the Makkeph) is sexual intercourse which is stolen from him who has a right thereto, thus carnal intercourse with אושׁת אישׁ; and לחם סתרים fleshly lust, which, because it is contrary to the law, must seek (cf. furtum, secret love intrigue) concealment (סתרים, extensive plur., as מעמקּים; Bttcher, 694). Just such pleasure, after which one wipes his mouth as if he had done nothing (Proverbs 30:20), is for men who are without wisdom sweet (מתק, Job 20:12) and pleasant; the prohibition of it gives to such pleasure attraction, and the secrecy adds seasoning; and just such enjoyments the כסילות, personified carnality, offers. But woe to him who, befooled, enters her house!

Proverbs 10:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

becometh

Proverbs 6:6-11 Go to the ant, you sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise...

Proverbs 11:24 There is that scatters, and yet increases; and there is that withholds more than is meet, but it tends to poverty.

Proverbs 12:24 The hand of the diligent shall bear rule: but the slothful shall be under tribute.

Proverbs 19:15,24 Slothfulness casts into a deep sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer hunger...

Proverbs 20:4,13 The sluggard will not plow by reason of the cold; therefore shall he beg in harvest, and have nothing...

Proverbs 24:30-34 I went by the field of the slothful, and by the vineyard of the man void of understanding...

Ecclesiastes 10:18 By much slothfulness the building decays; and through idleness of the hands the house drops through.

John 6:27 Labor not for the meat which perishes, but for that meat which endures to everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give to you...

Hebrews 6:11,12 And we desire that every one of you do show the same diligence to the full assurance of hope to the end...

2 Peter 1:5-10 And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge...

with a slack hand

Proverbs 13:4 The soul of the sluggard desires, and has nothing: but the soul of the diligent shall be made fat.

Proverbs 21:5 The thoughts of the diligent tend only to plenty; but of every one that is hasty only to want.

1 Corinthians 15:58 Therefore, my beloved brothers, be you steadfast, unmovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord...

Cross References
Proverbs 10:5
He who gathers in summer is a prudent son, but he who sleeps in harvest is a son who brings shame.

Proverbs 12:27
Whoever is slothful will not roast his game, but the diligent man will get precious wealth.

Proverbs 13:4
The soul of the sluggard craves and gets nothing, while the soul of the diligent is richly supplied.

Proverbs 18:9
Whoever is slack in his work is a brother to him who destroys.

Proverbs 21:5
The plans of the diligent lead surely to abundance, but everyone who is hasty comes only to poverty.

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