Proverbs 1:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
to give prudence to the simple, knowledge and discretion to the youth—

King James Bible
To give subtilty to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion.

American Standard Version
To give prudence to the simple, To the young man knowledge and discretion:

Douay-Rheims Bible
To give subtilty to little ones, to the young man knowledge and understanding.

English Revised Version
To give subtilty to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion:

Webster's Bible Translation
To give subtilty to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion.

Proverbs 1:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The Synagogue reckons up thirteen divine attributes according to ex. Psa 34:6. (שׁלשׁ עשׂרה מדּות), to which, according to an observation of Kimchi, correspond the thirteen הלּל of this Psalm. It is, however, more probable that in the mind of the poet the tenfold halaluw encompassed by Hallelujah's is significative; for ten is the number of rounding off, completeness, exclusiveness, and of the extreme of exhaustibleness. The local definitions in Psalm 150:1 are related attributively to God, and designate that which is heavenly, belonging to the other world, as an object of praise. קדשוּ (the possible local meaning of which is proved by the קדשׁ and קדשׁ קדשׁים of the Tabernacle and of the Temple) is in this passage the heavenly היכל; and רקיע עזּו is the firmament spread out by God's omnipotence and testifying of God's omnipotence (Psalm 68:35), not according to its front side, which is turned towards the earth, but according to the reverse or inner side, which is turned towards the celestial world, and which marks it off from the earthly world. The third and fourth hălalu give as the object of the praise that which is at the same time the ground of the praise: the tokens of His גּבוּרה, i.e., of His all-subduing strength, and the plenitude of His greatness (גּדלו equals גּדלו), i.e., His absolute, infinite greatness. The fifth and sixth hălalu bring into the concert in praise of God the ram's horn, שׁופר, the name of which came to be improperly used as the name also of the metallic חצצרה (vid., on Psalm 81:4), and the two kinds of stringed instruments (vid., Psalm 33:2), viz., the nabla (i.e., the harp and lyre) and the kinnor (the cithern), the ψαλτήριον and the κιθάρα (κινύρα). The seventh hălalu invites to the festive dance, of which the chief instrumental accompaniment is the תּף (Arabic duff, Spanish adufe, derived from the Moorish) or tambourine. The eighth hălalu brings on the stringed instruments in their widest compass, מנּים (cf. Psalm 45:9) from מן, Syriac menı̂n, and the shepherd's pipe, עגב (with the Gimel raphe equals עוּגב); and the ninth and tenth, the two kinds of castanets (צלצלי, construct form of צלצלים, singular צלצל), viz., the smaller clear-sounding, and the larger deeper-toned, more noisy kinds (cf. κύμβαλον ἀλαλάζον, 1 Corinthians 13:1), as צלצלי שׁמע (pausal form of שׁמע equals שׁמע, like סתר in Deuteronomy 27:15, and frequently, from סתר equals סתר) and צלצלי תרוּעה are, with Schlultens, Pfeifer, Burk, Kster, and others, to be distinguished.

Proverbs 1:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

subtilty

Proverbs 1:22,23 How long, you simple ones, will you love simplicity? and the scorners delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge...

Proverbs 8:5 O you simple, understand wisdom: and, you fools, be you of an understanding heart.

Proverbs 9:4-6 Whoever is simple, let him turn in here: as for him that wants understanding, she said to him...

Psalm 19:7 The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple.

Psalm 119:130 The entrance of your words gives light; it gives understanding to the simple.

Isaiah 35:8 And an highway shall be there, and a way, and it shall be called The way of holiness; the unclean shall not pass over it...

to the

Proverbs 7:7-24 And beheld among the simple ones, I discerned among the youths, a young man void of understanding...

Proverbs 8:17,32 I love them that love me; and those that seek me early shall find me...

Psalm 34:11 Come, you children, listen to me: I will teach you the fear of the LORD.

Psalm 119:9 Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed thereto according to your word.

Ecclesiastes 11:9,10 Rejoice, O young man, in your youth; and let your heart cheer you in the days of your youth, and walk in the ways of your heart...

Ecclesiastes 12:1 Remember now your Creator in the days of your youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw near, when you shall say...

2 Timothy 2:22 Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness, faith, charity, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart.

Titus 2:6 Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded.

discretion

Cross References
Psalm 116:6
The LORD preserves the simple; when I was brought low, he saved me.

Proverbs 1:22
"How long, O simple ones, will you love being simple? How long will scoffers delight in their scoffing and fools hate knowledge?

Proverbs 2:10
for wisdom will come into your heart, and knowledge will be pleasant to your soul;

Proverbs 2:11
discretion will watch over you, understanding will guard you,

Proverbs 3:21
My son, do not lose sight of these-- keep sound wisdom and discretion,

Proverbs 8:5
O simple ones, learn prudence; O fools, learn sense.

Proverbs 8:12
"I, wisdom, dwell with prudence, and I find knowledge and discretion.

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