Matthew 6:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“And when you fast, do not look gloomy like the hypocrites, for they disfigure their faces that their fasting may be seen by others. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward.

King James Bible
Moreover when ye fast, be not, as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to fast. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.

American Standard Version
Moreover when ye fast, be not, as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: for they disfigure their faces, that they may be seen of men to fast. Verily I say unto you, They have received their reward.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when you fast, be not as the hypocrites, sad. For they disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to fast. Amen I say to you, they have received their reward.

English Revised Version
Moreover when ye fast, be not, as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: for they disfigure their faces, that they may be seen of men to fast. Verily I say unto you, They have received their reward.

Webster's Bible Translation
Moreover, when ye fast, be not as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear to men to fast. Verily, I say to you, they have their reward.

Weymouth New Testament
"When any of you fast, never assume gloomy looks as the hypocrites do; for they disfigure their faces in order that it may be evident to men that they are fasting. I solemnly tell you that they already have their reward.

Matthew 6:16 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Ye fast (νηστεύητε)

Observe the force of the present tense as indicating action in progress: Whenever ye may be fasting.

Of a sad countenance (σκυθρωποί)

An uncommon word in the New Testament, occurring only here and at Luke 24:17. Trench ("Studies in the Gospels") explains it by the older sense of the English dreary, as expressing the downcast look of settled grief, pain, or displeasure. In classical Greek it also signifies sullenness and affected gravity. Luther renders, Look not sour.

Disfigure (ἀφανίζουσιν)

The idea is rather conceal than disfigure. There is a play upon this word and φανῶσιν (they may appear) which is untranslatable into English: they conceal or mask their true visage that they may appear unto men. The allusion is to the outward signs of humiliation which often accompanied fasting, such as being unwashed and unshaven and unanointed. "Avoid," says Christ, "the squalor of the unwashed face and of the unkempt hair and beard, and the rather anoint thy head and wash thy face, so as to appear (αφνῇς) not unto men, but unto God as fasting." Wycliffe's rendering is peculiar: They put their faces out of kindly terms.

Matthew 6:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

when.

Matthew 9:14,15 Then came to him the disciples of John, saying, Why do we and the Pharisees fast oft, but your disciples fast not...

2 Samuel 12:16,21 David therefore sought God for the child; and David fasted, and went in, and lay all night on the earth...

Nehemiah 1:4 And it came to pass, when I heard these words, that I sat down and wept, and mourned certain days, and fasted...

Esther 4:16 Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast you for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day...

Psalm 35:13 But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth: I humbled my soul with fasting...

Psalm 69:10 When I wept, and chastened my soul with fasting, that was to my reproach.

Psalm 109:24 My knees are weak through fasting; and my flesh fails of fatness.

Daniel 9:3 And I set my face to the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes:

Luke 2:37 And she was a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple...

Acts 10:30 And Cornelius said, Four days ago I was fasting until this hour; and at the ninth hour I prayed in my house, and, behold...

Acts 13:2,3 As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said...

Acts 14:23 And when they had ordained them elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord...

1 Corinthians 7:5 Defraud you not one the other, except it be with consent for a time, that you may give yourselves to fasting and prayer...

2 Corinthians 6:5 In stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labors, in watchings, in fastings;

2 Corinthians 11:27 In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.

be.

Matthew 6:2,5 Therefore when you do your alms, do not sound a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets...

1 Kings 21:27 And it came to pass, when Ahab heard those words, that he rent his clothes, and put sackcloth on his flesh, and fasted...

Isaiah 58:3-5 Why have we fasted, say they, and you see not? why have we afflicted our soul, and you take no knowledge? Behold...

Zechariah 7:3-5 And to speak to the priests which were in the house of the LORD of hosts, and to the prophets, saying, Should I weep in the fifth month...

Malachi 3:14 You have said, It is vain to serve God: and what profit is it that we have kept his ordinance...

Mark 2:18 And the disciples of John and of the Pharisees used to fast: and they come and say to him...

Luke 18:12 I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess.

Cross References
Isaiah 58:5
Is such the fast that I choose, a day for a person to humble himself? Is it to bow down his head like a reed, and to spread sackcloth and ashes under him? Will you call this a fast, and a day acceptable to the LORD?

Matthew 6:1
"Beware of practicing your righteousness before other people in order to be seen by them, for then you will have no reward from your Father who is in heaven.

Matthew 6:2
"Thus, when you give to the needy, sound no trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may be praised by others. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward.

Matthew 6:5
"And when you pray, you must not be like the hypocrites. For they love to stand and pray in the synagogues and at the street corners, that they may be seen by others. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward.

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