Matthew 16:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.”

King James Bible
And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

American Standard Version
I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven. And whatsoever thou shalt bind upon earth, it shall be bound also in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose upon earth, it shall be loosed also in heaven.

English Revised Version
I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

Webster's Bible Translation
And I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatever thou shalt bind on earth, shall be bound in heaven; and whatever thou shalt loose on earth, shall be loosed in heaven.

Weymouth New Testament
I will give you the keys of the Kingdom of the Heavens; and whatever you bind on earth shall remain bound in Heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall remain loosed in Heaven."

Matthew 16:19 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Keys (κλεῖδας)

The similitude corresponding to build. The church or kingdom is conceived as a house, of which Peter is to be the steward, bearing the keys. "Even as he had been the first to utter the confession of the church, so was he also privileged to be the first to open its hitherto closed gates to the Gentiles, when God made choice of him, that, through his mouth, the Gentiles should first hear the words of the Gospel, and at his bidding first be baptized" (Edersheim, "Life and Times of Jesus").

Bind - loose (δήσῃς - λύσῃς)

In a sense common among the Jews, of forbidding or allowing. No other terms were in more constant use in Rabbinic canon-law than those of binding and loosing. They represented the legislative and judicial powers of the Rabbinic office. These powers Christ now transferred, and that not in their pretension, but in their reality, to his apostles; the first, here, to Peter, as their representative, the second, after his resurrection, to the church (John 20:23, Edersheim). "This legislative authority conferred upon Peter can only wear an offensive aspect when it is conceived of as possessing an arbitrary character, and as being in no way determined by the ethical influences of the Holy Spirit, and when it is regarded as being of an absolute nature, as independent of any connection with the rest of the apostles. Since the power of binding and loosing, which is here conferred upon Peter, is ascribed (Matthew 18:18) to the apostles generally, the power conferred upon the former is set in its proper light, and shown to be of necessity a power of a collegiate nature, so that Peter is not to be regarded as exclusively endowed with it, either in whole or in part, but is simply to be looked upon as first among his equals" (Meyer on Matthew 16:19; Matthew 18:18).

Matthew 16:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

give.

Acts 2:14 But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said to them, You men of Judaea, and all you that dwell at Jerusalem...

*etc:

Acts 10:34 Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons:

*etc:

Acts 15:7 And when there had been much disputing, Peter rose up, and said to them, Men and brothers...

the keys.

Isaiah 22:22 And the key of the house of David will I lay on his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut...

Revelation 1:18 I am he that lives, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for ever more, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

Revelation 3:7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things said he that is holy, he that is true, he that has the key of David...

Revelation 9:1 And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven to the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit.

Revelation 20:1-3 And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand...

and whatsoever.

Matthew 18:18 Truly I say to you, Whatever you shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven...

John 20:23 Whose soever sins you remit, they are remitted to them; and whose soever sins you retain, they are retained.

1 Corinthians 5:4,5 In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when you are gathered together, and my spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus Christ...

2 Corinthians 2:10 To whom you forgive any thing, I forgive also: for if I forgave any thing, to whom I forgave it...

1 Thessalonians 4:8 He therefore that despises, despises not man, but God, who has also given to us his holy Spirit.

Revelation 11:6 These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood...

Cross References
Isaiah 22:22
And I will place on his shoulder the key of the house of David. He shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

Matthew 18:18
Truly, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

John 20:23
If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you withhold forgiveness from any, it is withheld."

Revelation 1:18
and the living one. I died, and behold I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of Death and Hades.

Revelation 3:7
"And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write: 'The words of the holy one, the true one, who has the key of David, who opens and no one will shut, who shuts and no one opens.

Jump to Previous
Bind Bound Earth Fixed Free Heaven Heavens Keys Kingdom Loose Mayest Release Released Whatever Whatsoever
Jump to Next
Bind Bound Earth Fixed Free Heaven Heavens Keys Kingdom Loose Mayest Release Released Whatever Whatsoever
Links
Matthew 16:19 NIV
Matthew 16:19 NLT
Matthew 16:19 ESV
Matthew 16:19 NASB
Matthew 16:19 KJV

Matthew 16:19 Bible Apps
Matthew 16:19 Biblia Paralela
Matthew 16:19 Chinese Bible
Matthew 16:19 French Bible
Matthew 16:19 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Matthew 16:18
Top of Page
Top of Page