Luke 6:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said: “Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.

King James Bible
And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed be ye poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.

American Standard Version
And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed are ye poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he, lifting up his eyes on his disciples, said: Blessed are ye poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.

English Revised Version
And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed are ye poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed are ye poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.

Weymouth New Testament
Then fixing His eyes upon His disciples, Jesus said to them, "Blessed are you poor, because the Kingdom of God is yours.

Luke 6:20 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Lifted up his eyes

Peculiar to Luke. Compare he opened his mouth (Matthew 5:1). Both indicate a solemn and impressive opening of a discourse.

Blessed

See on Matthew 5:3.

Ye poor

See on Matthew 5:3. Luke adopts the style of direct address; Matthew of abstract statement.

Kingdom of God (ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ θεοῦ)

Matthew has kingdom of heaven, or of the heavens (τῶν οὐρανῶν), a phrase used by him only, and most frequently employed by Christ himself to describe the kingdom; though Matthew also uses, less frequently, kingdom of God. The two are substantially equivalent terms, though the pre-eminent title was kingdom of God, since it was expected to be fully realized in the Messianic era, when God should take upon himself the kingdom by a visible representative. Compare Isaiah 40:9, "Behold your God." The phrase kingdom of Heaven was common in the Rabbinical writings, and had a double signification: the historical kingdom and the spiritual and moral kingdom. They very often understood by it divine worship ; adoration of God; the sum of religious duties; but also the Messianic kingdom.

The kingdom of God is, essentially, the absolute dominion of God in the universe, both in a physical and a spiritual sense. It is "an organic commonwealth which has the principle of its existence in the will of God" (Tholuck). It was foreshadowed in the Jewish theocracy. The idea of the kingdom advanced toward clearer definition from Jacob's prophecy of the Prince out of Judah (Genesis 49:10), through David's prophecy of the everlasting kingdom and the king of righteousness and peace (Psalm 22, 72), through Isaiah, until, in Daniel, its eternity and superiority over the kingdoms of the world are brought strongly out. For this kingdom Israel looked with longing, expecting its realization in the Messiah; and while the common idea of the people was narrow, sectarian, Jewish, and political, yet "there was among the people a certain consciousness that the principle itself was of universal application" (Tholuck). In Daniel this conception is distinctly expressed (Daniel 7:14-27; Daniel 4:25; Daniel 2:44). In this sense it was apprehended by John the Baptist.

The ideal kingdom is to be realized in the absolute rule of the eternal Son, Jesus Christ, by whom all things are made and consist (John 1:3; Colossians 1:16-20), whose life of perfect obedience to God and whose sacrificial offering of love upon the cross reveal to men their true relation to God, and whose spirit works to bring them into this relation. The ultimate idea of the kingdom is that of "a redeemed humanity, with its divinely revealed destiny manifesting itself in a religious communion, or the Church; a social communion, or the state; and an aesthetic communion, expressing itself in forms of knowledge and art."

This kingdom is both present (Matthew 11:12; Matthew 12:28; Matthew 16:19; Luke 11:20; Luke 16:16; Luke 17:21; see, also, the parables of the Sower, the Tares, the Leaven, and the Drag-net; and compare the expression "theirs, or yours, is the kingdom," Matthew 5:3; Luke 6:20) and future (Daniel 7:27; Matthew 13:43; Matthew 19:28; Matthew 25:34; Matthew 26:29; Mark 9:47; 2 Peter 1:11; 1 Corinthians 6:9; Revelation 20:1-15 sq.). As a present kingdom it is incomplete and in process of development. It is expanding in society like the grain of mustard seed (Matthew 13:31, Matthew 13:32); working toward the pervasion of society like the leaven in the lump (Matthew 13:33). God is in Christ reconciling the world unto himself, and the Gospel of Christ is the great instrument in that process (2 Corinthians 5:19, 2 Corinthians 5:20). The kingdom develops from within outward under the power of its essential divine energy and law of growth, which insures its progress and final triumph against all obstacles. Similarly, its work in reconciling and subjecting the world to God begins at the fountain-head of man's life, by implanting in his heart its own divine potency, and thus giving a divine impulse and direction to the whole man, rather than by moulding him from without by a moral code. The law is written in his heart. In like manner the State and the Church are shaped, not by external pressure, like the Roman empire and the Roxnish hierarchy, but by the evolution of holy character in men. The kingdom of God in its present development is not identical with the Church. It is a larger movement which includes the Church. The Church is identified with the kingdom to the degree in which it is under the power of the spirit of Christ. "As the Old Testament kingdom of God was perfected and completed when it ceased to be external, and became internal by being enthroned in the heart, so, on the other hand, the perfection of the New Testament kingdom will consist in its complete incarnation and externalization; that is, when it shall attain an outward manifestation, adequately expressing, exactly corresponding to its internal principle" (Tholuck). The consummation is described in Revelation 21, 22.

Luke 6:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he lifted.

Matthew 5:2 And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying,

*etc:

Matthew 12:49,50 And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold my mother and my brothers!...

Mark 3:34,35 And he looked round about on them which sat about him, and said, Behold my mother and my brothers!...

Blessed.

Luke 6:24 But woe to you that are rich! for you have received your consolation.

Luke 4:18 The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he has sent me to heal the brokenhearted...

Luke 16:25 But Abraham said, Son, remember that you in your lifetime received your good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things...

1 Samuel 2:8 He raises up the poor out of the dust, and lifts up the beggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes...

Psalm 37:16 A little that a righteous man has is better than the riches of many wicked.

Psalm 113:7,8 He raises up the poor out of the dust, and lifts the needy out of the dunghill...

Proverbs 16:19 Better it is to be of an humble spirit with the lowly, than to divide the spoil with the proud.

Proverbs 19:1 Better is the poor that walks in his integrity, than he that is perverse in his lips, and is a fool.

Isaiah 29:19 The meek also shall increase their joy in the LORD, and the poor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.

Isaiah 57:15,16 For thus said the high and lofty One that inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place...

Isaiah 66:2 For all those things has my hand made, and all those things have been, said the LORD: but to this man will I look...

Zephaniah 3:12 I will also leave in the middle of you an afflicted and poor people, and they shall trust in the name of the LORD.

Zechariah 11:11 And it was broken in that day: and so the poor of the flock that waited on me knew that it was the word of the LORD.

Matthew 11:5 The blind receive their sight, and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up...

John 7:48,49 Have any of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed on him...

1 Corinthians 1:26-29 For you see your calling, brothers, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called...

2 Corinthians 6:10 As sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, and yet possessing all things.

2 Corinthians 8:2,9 How that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded to the riches of their liberality...

1 Thessalonians 1:6 And you became followers of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Ghost.

James 1:9,10 Let the brother of low degree rejoice in that he is exalted...

James 2:5 Listen, my beloved brothers, Has not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith...

Revelation 2:9 I know your works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but you are rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews...

for.

Luke 12:32 Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom.

Luke 13:28 There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when you shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets...

Luke 14:15 And when one of them that sat at meat with him heard these things, he said to him...

Matthew 5:3,10 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven...

Acts 14:22 Confirming the souls of the disciples, and exhorting them to continue in the faith...

1 Corinthians 3:21-23 Therefore let no man glory in men. For all things are yours...

2 Thessalonians 1:5 Which is a manifest token of the righteous judgment of God, that you may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God...

James 1:12 Blessed is the man that endures temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life...

Cross References
Matthew 5:1
Seeing the crowds, he went up on the mountain, and when he sat down, his disciples came to him.

Matthew 5:3
"Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Matthew 5:10
"Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Luke 6:21
"Blessed are you who are hungry now, for you shall be satisfied. "Blessed are you who weep now, for you shall laugh.

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