Luke 2:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And she gave birth to her firstborn son and wrapped him in swaddling cloths and laid him in a manger, because there was no place for them in the inn.

King James Bible
And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.

American Standard Version
And she brought forth her firstborn son; and she wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him up in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.

English Revised Version
And she brought forth her firstborn son; and she wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.

Webster's Bible Translation
And she brought forth her first-born son, and wrapped him in swaddling-clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.

Weymouth New Testament
and she gave birth to her first-born son, and wrapped Him round, and laid Him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.

Luke 2:7 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Her first-born son

The Greek reads literally, her son, the first-born.

Wrapped in swaddling-clothes (ἐσπαργάνωσεν)

Only here and Luke 2:12. Naturally found often in medical writings. Swaddle is swathed, from the verb to swathe.

In a manger (ἐν φάτνῃ)

Used by Luke only, here and Luke 13:15. Wyc. has a cracche, spelt also cratch. Compare French crche, a manger. Quite possibly a rock-cave. Dr. Thomson says: "I have seen many such, consisting of one or more rooms, in front of and including a cavern where the cattle were kept" ("Land and Book").

In the inn (ἐν τῷ καταλύματι)

Only here, Luke 23:11; Mark 14:14, on which see note. In both these passages it is rendered guest-chamber, which can hardly be the meaning here, as some have maintained. (See Geikie, "Life and Words of Christ," i., 121.) In that case the expression would be, they found no κατάλυμα, guest-chamber. The word refers to the ordinary khan, or caravanserai. Tynd., hostrey. "A Syrian khan is a fort and a mart; a refuge from thieves; a shelter from the heat and dust; a place where a man and his beast may lodge; where a trader may sell his wares, and a pilgrim may slake his thirst....Where built by a great sheikh, it would have a high wall, an inner court, a range of arches or lewans, an open gallery round the four sides, and, in many cases, a tower from which the watcher might descry the approach of marauding bands. On one side of the square, but outside the wall, there is often a huddle of sheds, set apart from the main edifice, as stables for the asses and camels, the buffaloes and goats. In the centre of the khan springs a fountain of water, the first necessity of an Arab's life; and around the jets and troughs in which the limpid element streams, lies the gay and picturesque litter of the East. Camels wait to be unloaded; dogs quarrel for a bone; Bedaween from the desert, their red zannars choked with pistols, are at prayer. In the archways squat the merchants with their bales of goods....Half-naked men are cleansing their hands ere sitting down to eat. Here a barber is at work upon a shaven crown; there a fellah lies asleep in the shade....Each man has to carry his dinner and his bed; to litter his horse or camel; to dress his food; to draw his water; to light his fire, and to boil his mess of herbs" (Hepworth Dixon, "The Holy Land").

Luke 2:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

she.

Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

Matthew 1:25 And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS.

Galatians 4:4 But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,

and wrapped.

Luke 2:11,12 For to you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, which is Christ the Lord...

Psalm 22:6 But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people.

Isaiah 53:2,3 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he has no form nor comeliness...

Matthew 8:20 And Jesus said to him, The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man has not where to lay his head.

Matthew 13:55 Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brothers, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas?

John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelled among us, (and we beheld his glory...

2 Corinthians 8:9 For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor...

the inn.

Luke 10:34 And went to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, and set him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn...

Genesis 42:27 And as one of them opened his sack to give his donkey provender in the inn, he espied his money; for, behold, it was in his sack's mouth.

Genesis 43:21 And it came to pass, when we came to the inn, that we opened our sacks, and, behold, every man's money was in the mouth of his sack...

Exodus 4:24 And it came to pass by the way in the inn, that the LORD met him, and sought to kill him.

Cross References
Matthew 1:25
but knew her not until she had given birth to a son. And he called his name Jesus.

Luke 2:6
And while they were there, the time came for her to give birth.

Luke 2:8
And in the same region there were shepherds out in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night.

Luke 2:12
And this will be a sign for you: you will find a baby wrapped in swaddling cloths and lying in a manger."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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