Leviticus 4:22
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“When a leader sins, doing unintentionally any one of all the things that by the commandments of the LORD his God ought not to be done, and realizes his guilt,

King James Bible
When a ruler hath sinned, and done somewhat through ignorance against any of the commandments of the LORD his God concerning things which should not be done, and is guilty;

American Standard Version
When a ruler sinneth, and doeth unwittingly any one of all the things which Jehovah his God hath commanded not to be done, and is guilty;

Douay-Rheims Bible
If a prince shall sin, and through ignorance do any one of the things that the law of the Lord forbiddeth,

English Revised Version
When a ruler sinneth, and doeth unwittingly any one of all the things which the LORD his God hath commanded not to be done, and is guilty;

Webster's Bible Translation
When a ruler hath sinned, and done somewhat through ignorance against any of the commandments of the LORD his God concerning things which should not be done, and is guilty;

Leviticus 4:22 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Sin of the whole congregation. - This is still further defined, as consisting in the fact that the thing was hid (נעלּם)

(Note: In the correct editions נעלּם has dagesh both here and in Leviticus 5:2, Leviticus 5:4, as Delitzsch informs me, according to an old rule in pointing, which required that every consonant which followed a syllable terminating with a guttural should be pointed with dagesh, if the guttural was to be read with a quiescent sheva and not with chateph. This is the case in ויּאסּר in Genesis 46:29; Exodus 14:6, תּעלּים in Psalm 10:1, and other words in the critical edition of the Psalter which has been carefully revised by Bהr according to the Masora, and published with an introduction by Delitzsch. In other passages, such as בּכל־לּבּי Psalm 9:2, על־לּשׁנו Psalm 15:3, etc., the dagesh is introduced to prevent the second letter from being lost in the preceding one through the rapidity of reading. - Ewald's conjectures and remarks about this "dagesh, which is found in certain MSS," is a proof that he was not acquainted with this rule which the Masora recognises.)

from the eyes of the congregation, i.e., that it was a sin which was not known to be such, an act which really violated a commandment of God, though it was not looked upon as sin. Every transgression of a divine command, whether it took place consciously or unconsciously, brought guilt, and demanded a sin-offering for its expiation; and this was to be presented as soon as the sin was known. The sin-offering, which the elders had to offer in the name of the congregation, was to consist of a young ox, and was to be treated like that of the high priest (Leviticus 4:14-23 compared with Leviticus 4:3-12), inasmuch as "the whole congregation" included the priesthood, or at any rate was on an equality with the priesthood by virtue of its calling in relation to the Lord. חטא with על signifies to incur guilt upon (on the foundation of) sin (Leviticus 5:5, etc.); it is usually construed with an accusative (Leviticus 4:3, Leviticus 4:28; Leviticus 5:6, Leviticus 5:10, etc.), or with בּ, to sin with a sin (Leviticus 4:23; Genesis 42:22). The subject of ושׁחט (Leviticus 4:15) is one of the elders. "The bullock for a sin-offering:" sc., the one which the anointed priest offered for his sin, or as it is briefly and clearly designated in Leviticus 4:21, "the former bullock" (Leviticus 4:12).

Leviticus 4:22 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a ruler hath sinned. Under the term {nasi}, that is, {one preferred or elevated} above others, from {nasa}, to {exalt}, it is probable that any person is meant who held any kind of political dignity among the people; and it evidently means the {head of a tribe} as in

Numbers 1:4,16 And with you there shall be a man of every tribe; every one head of the house of his fathers...

Numbers 7:2 That the princes of Israel, heads of the house of their fathers, who were the princes of the tribes...

But the Rabbins generally understand it of the prince of the great sanhedrin, who, when they were under the regal form of government, was the king. A {kid of the goats} was the sacrifice in this case; and the rites were nearly the same as in the preceding, only the {fat} was burnt as that of the {peace offering}.

Exodus 18:21 Moreover you shall provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness...

Numbers 16:2 And they rose up before Moses, with certain of the children of Israel, two hundred and fifty princes of the assembly...

2 Samuel 21:1-3 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after year; and David inquired of the LORD. And the LORD answered...

2 Samuel 24:10-17 And David's heart smote him after that he had numbered the people. And David said to the LORD, I have sinned greatly in that I have done...

and done

Leviticus 4:2,13 Speak to the children of Israel, saying...

Cross References
Leviticus 4:2
"Speak to the people of Israel, saying, If anyone sins unintentionally in any of the LORD's commandments about things not to be done, and does any one of them,

Leviticus 4:27
"If anyone of the common people sins unintentionally in doing any one of the things that by the LORD's commandments ought not to be done, and realizes his guilt,

Numbers 15:24
then if it was done unintentionally without the knowledge of the congregation, all the congregation shall offer one bull from the herd for a burnt offering, a pleasing aroma to the LORD, with its grain offering and its drink offering, according to the rule, and one male goat for a sin offering.

Numbers 31:13
Moses and Eleazar the priest and all the chiefs of the congregation went to meet them outside the camp.

Numbers 32:2
So the people of Gad and the people of Reuben came and said to Moses and to Eleazar the priest and to the chiefs of the congregation,

Numbers 35:11
then you shall select cities to be cities of refuge for you, that the manslayer who kills any person without intent may flee there.

Ecclesiastes 5:6
Let not your mouth lead you into sin, and do not say before the messenger that it was a mistake. Why should God be angry at your voice and destroy the work of your hands?

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