Leviticus 25:43
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You shall not rule over him ruthlessly but shall fear your God.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not rule over him with rigour; but shalt fear thy God.

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not rule over him with rigor, but shalt fear thy God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Afflict him not by might, but fear thy God.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not rule over him with rigour; but shalt fear thy God.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt not rule over him with rigor, but shalt fear thy God.

Leviticus 25:43 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

If he borrowed money, they were not to demand interest; or if food, they were not to demand any addition, any larger quantity, when it was returned (cf. Exodus 22:24; Deuteronomy 23:20-21), from fear of God, who had redeemed Israel out of bondage, to give them the land of Canaan. In Leviticus 25:37 וחי is an abbreviation of וחי, which only occurs here. - From Leviticus 25:39 onwards there follow the laws relating to the bondage of the Israelite, who had been obliged to sell himself from poverty. Leviticus 25:36-46 relate to his service in bondage to an (other) Israelite. The man to whom he had sold himself as servant was not to have slave-labour performed by him (Exodus 1:14), but to keep him as a day-labourer and sojourner, and let him serve with him till the year of jubilee. He was then to go out free with his children, and return to his family and the possession of his fathers (his patrimony). This regulation is a supplement to the laws relating to the rights of Israel (Exodus 21:2-6), though without a contradiction arising, as Knobel maintains, between the different rules laid down. In Exodus 21 nothing at all is determined respecting the treatment of an Israelitish servant; it is simply stated that in the seventh year of his service he was to recover his liberty. This limit is not mentioned here, because the chapter before us simply treats of the influence of the year of jubilee upon the bondage of the Israelites. On this point it is decided, that the year of jubilee was to bring freedom even to the Israelite who had been brought into slavery by his poverty, - of course only to the man who was still in slavery when it commenced and had not served seven full years, provided, that is to say, that he had not renounced his claim to be set free at the end of his seven years' service, according to Exodus 21:5-6. We have no right to expect this exception to be expressly mentioned here, because it did not interfere with the idea of the year of jubilee. For whoever voluntarily renounced the claim to be set free, whether because the year of jubilee was still so far off that he did not expect to live to see it, or because he had found a better lot with his master than he could secure for himself in a state of freedom, had thereby made a voluntary renunciation of the liberty which the year of jubilee might have brought to him (see Oehler's art. in Herzog's Cycl., where the different views on this subject are given).

Leviticus 25:43 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

rule

Leviticus 25:46,53 And you shall take them as an inheritance for your children after you, to inherit them for a possession...

Exodus 1:13,14 And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigor...

Exodus 2:23 And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage...

Exodus 3:7,9 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt...

Exodus 5:14 And the officers of the children of Israel, which Pharaoh's taskmasters had set over them, were beaten, and demanded...

Isaiah 47:6 I was wroth with my people, I have polluted my inheritance, and given them into your hand: you did show them no mercy...

Isaiah 58:3 Why have we fasted, say they, and you see not? why have we afflicted our soul, and you take no knowledge? Behold...

Ephesians 6:9 And, you masters, do the same things to them, forbearing threatening: knowing that your Master also is in heaven...

Colossians 4:1 Masters, give to your servants that which is just and equal; knowing that you also have a Master in heaven.

but shalt

Leviticus 25:17 You shall not therefore oppress one another; but you shall fear your God: for I am the LORD your God.

Exodus 1:17,21 But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive...

Deuteronomy 25:18 How he met you by the way, and smote the hindmost of you, even all that were feeble behind you, when you were faint and weary...

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers...

Cross References
Ephesians 6:9
Masters, do the same to them, and stop your threatening, knowing that he who is both their Master and yours is in heaven, and that there is no partiality with him.

Colossians 4:1
Masters, treat your bondservants justly and fairly, knowing that you also have a Master in heaven.

Genesis 42:18
On the third day Joseph said to them, "Do this and you will live, for I fear God:

Exodus 1:13
So they ruthlessly made the people of Israel work as slaves

Exodus 1:14
and made their lives bitter with hard service, in mortar and brick, and in all kinds of work in the field. In all their work they ruthlessly made them work as slaves.

Leviticus 25:42
For they are my servants, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt; they shall not be sold as slaves.

Leviticus 25:44
As for your male and female slaves whom you may have: you may buy male and female slaves from among the nations that are around you.

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