Lamentations 1:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The enemy has stretched out his hands over all her precious things; for she has seen the nations enter her sanctuary, those whom you forbade to enter your congregation.

King James Bible
The adversary hath spread out his hand upon all her pleasant things: for she hath seen that the heathen entered into her sanctuary, whom thou didst command that they should not enter into thy congregation.

American Standard Version
The adversary hath spread out his hand upon all her pleasant things: For she hath seen that the nations are entered into her sanctuary, Concerning whom thou didst command that they should not enter into thine assembly.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Jod. The enemy hath put out his hand to all her desirable things: for she hath seen the Gentiles enter into her sanctuary, of whom thou gavest commandment that they should not enter into thy church.

English Revised Version
The adversary hath spread out his hand upon all her pleasant things: for she hath seen that the heathen are entered into her sanctuary, concerning whom thou didst command that they should not enter into thy congregation.

Webster's Bible Translation
The adversary hath spread out his hand upon all her pleasant things: for she hath seen that the heathen entered into her sanctuary, whom thou didst command that they should not enter into thy congregation.

Lamentations 1:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Zion (i.e., Jerusalem, as the holy city) is laid waste; feasts and rejoicing have disappeared from it. "The ways of Zion" are neither the streets of Jerusalem (Rosenmller), which are called חוּצות, nor the highways or main roads leading to Zion from different directions (Thenius, who erroneously assumes that the temple, which was situated on Moriah, together with its fore-courts, could only be reached through Zion), but the roads or highways leading to Jerusalem. These are "mourning," i.e., in plain language, desolate, deserted, because there are no longer any going up to Jerusalem to observe the feasts. For this same reason the gates of Zion (i.e., the city gates) are also in ruins, because there is no longer any one going out and in through them, and men no longer assemble there. The reason why the priests and the virgins are here conjoined as representatives of the inhabitants of Jerusalem is, that lamentation is made over the cessation of the religious feasts. The virgins are here considered as those who enlivened the national festivals by playing, singing, and dancing: Jeremiah 31:13; Psalm 68:26; Judges 21:19, Judges 21:21; Exodus 15:20. נגות (Niphal of יגה) is used here, as in Zephaniah 2:13, of sorrow over the cessation of the festivals. Following the arbitrary rendering, ἀγόμενοι, of the lxx, Ewald would alter the word in the text into נהוּגות, "carried captive." But there is no necessity for this: he does not observe that this rendering does not harmonize with the parallelism of the clauses, and that נהג means to drive away, but not to lead captive.

(Note: See, however, 1 Samuel 20:2, with Keil's own rendering, and Isaiah 20:4, with Delitzsch's translation. - Tr.)

והיא, "and she (Zion) herself" is in bitterness (cf. Ruth 1:13, Ruth 1:20), i.e., she feels bitter sorrow. In Lamentations 1:6, Lamentations 1:7, are mentioned the causes of this grief.

Lamentations 1:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

spread

Lamentations 1:7 Jerusalem remembered in the days of her affliction and of her miseries all her pleasant things that she had in the days of old...

Isaiah 5:13,14 Therefore my people are gone into captivity, because they have no knowledge: and their honorable men are famished...

Jeremiah 15:13 Your substance and your treasures will I give to the spoil without price, and that for all your sins, even in all your borders.

Jeremiah 20:5 Moreover I will deliver all the strength of this city, and all the labors thereof, and all the precious things thereof...

Jeremiah 52:17-20 Also the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD, and the bases, and the brazen sea that was in the house of the LORD...

pleasant. or desirable

Lamentations 1:7 Jerusalem remembered in the days of her affliction and of her miseries all her pleasant things that she had in the days of old...

seen

Psalm 74:4-8 Your enemies roar in the middle of your congregations; they set up their ensigns for signs...

Psalm 79:1-7 O God, the heathen are come into your inheritance; your holy temple have they defiled; they have laid Jerusalem on heaps...

Isaiah 63:18 The people of your holiness have possessed it but a little while: our adversaries have trodden down your sanctuary.

Isaiah 64:10,11 Your holy cities are a wilderness, Zion is a wilderness, Jerusalem a desolation...

Jeremiah 51:51 We are confounded, because we have heard reproach: shame has covered our faces...

Jeremiah 52:13 And burned the house of the LORD, and the king's house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, and all the houses of the great men...

Ezekiel 7:22 My face will I turn also from them, and they shall pollute my secret place: for the robbers shall enter into it, and defile it.

Ezekiel 9:7 And he said to them, Defile the house, and fill the courts with the slain: go you forth. And they went forth, and slew in the city.

whom

Deuteronomy 23:3 An Ammonite or Moabite shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD...

Nehemiah 13:1 On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and therein was found written...

Ezekiel 44:7 In that you have brought into my sanctuary strangers, uncircumcised in heart, and uncircumcised in flesh, to be in my sanctuary...

Mark 13:14 But when you shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 23:3
"No Ammonite or Moabite may enter the assembly of the LORD. Even to the tenth generation, none of them may enter the assembly of the LORD forever,

Psalm 74:4
Your foes have roared in the midst of your meeting place; they set up their own signs for signs.

Psalm 79:1
O God, the nations have come into your inheritance; they have defiled your holy temple; they have laid Jerusalem in ruins.

Isaiah 64:10
Your holy cities have become a wilderness; Zion has become a wilderness, Jerusalem a desolation.

Isaiah 64:11
Our holy and beautiful house, where our fathers praised you, has been burned by fire, and all our pleasant places have become ruins.

Jeremiah 50:28
"A voice! They flee and escape from the land of Babylon, to declare in Zion the vengeance of the LORD our God, vengeance for his temple.

Jeremiah 51:51
We are put to shame, for we have heard reproach; dishonor has covered our face, for foreigners have come into the holy places of the LORD's house.'

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