Jonah 2:6
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
at the roots of the mountains. I went down to the land whose bars closed upon me forever; yet you brought up my life from the pit, O LORD my God.

King James Bible
I went down to the bottoms of the mountains; the earth with her bars was about me for ever: yet hast thou brought up my life from corruption, O LORD my God.

American Standard Version
I went down to the bottoms of the mountains; The earth with its bars closed upon me for ever: Yet hast thou brought up my life from the pit, O Jehovah my God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I went down to the lowest parts of the mountains: the bars of the earth have shut me up for ever: and thou wilt bring up my life from corruption, O Lord my God.

English Revised Version
I went down to the bottoms of the mountains; the earth with her bars closed upon me for ever: yet hast thou brought up my life from the pit, O LORD my God.

Webster's Bible Translation
I went down to the bottoms of the mountains; the earth with her bars was about me for ever: yet hast thou brought up my life from corruption, O LORD my God.

Jonah 2:6 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Amos has thus vindicated his own calling, and the right of all the prophets, to announce to the people the judgments of God; and now (Amos 3:9-15) he is able to proclaim without reserve what the Lord has resolved to do upon sinful Israel. Amos 3:9. "Make it heard over the palaces in Ashdod, and over the palaces in the land of Egypt, and say, Assemble yourselves upon the mountains of Samaria, and behold the great tumult in the midst thereof, and the oppressed in the heart thereof. Amos 3:10. And they know not to do the right, is the saying of Jehovah, who heap up violence and devastation in their palaces." The speaker is Jehovah (Amos 3:10), and the prophets are addressed. Jehovah summons them to send out the cry over the palaces in Ashdod and Egypt (על as in Hosea 8:1), and to call the inhabitants of these palaces to hear, (1) that they may see the acts of violence, and the abominations in the palaces of Samaria; and (2) that they may be able to bear witness against Israel (Amos 3:13). This turn in the prophecy brings out to view the overflowing excess of the sins and abominations of Israel. The call of the prophets, however, is not to be uttered upon the palaces, so as to be heard far and wide (Baur and others), but over the palaces, to cause the inhabitants of them to draw near. It is they alone, and not the whole population of Ashdod and Egypt, who are to be called nigh; because only the inhabitants of the palace could pronounce a correct sentence as to the mode of life commonly adopted in the palaces of Samaria. Ashdod, one of the Philistian capitals, is mentioned by way of example, as a chief city of the uncircumcised, who were regarded by Israel as godless heathen; and Egypt is mentioned along with it, as the nation whose unrighteousness and ungodliness had once been experienced by Israel to satiety. If therefore such heathen as these are called to behold the unrighteous and dissolute conduct to be seen in the palaces, it must have been great indeed. The mountains of Samaria are not the mountains of the kingdom of Samaria, or the mountains upon which the city of Samaria was situated - for Samaria was not built upon a plurality of mountains, but upon one only (Amos 4:1; Amos 6:1) - but the mountains round about Samaria, from which you could look into the city, built upon one isolated hill. The city, built upon the hill of Semer, was situated in a mountain caldron or basin, about two yours in diameter, which was surrounded on all sides by lofty mountains (see at 1 Kings 16:24).

(Note: "As the mountains round the hill of Semer are loftier than this hill itself, the enemy might easily discover the internal state of besieged Samaria." V. de Velde, R. i. p. 282.)

Mehūmâh, noise, tumult, denotes a state of confusion, in which everything is topsy-turvy, and all justice and order are overthrown by open violence (Maurer, Baur). ‛Ashūqı̄m, either the oppressed, or, taken as an abstract, the oppression of the poor (cf. Amos 2:6). In Amos 3:10 the description is continued in the finite verb: they do not know how to do right; that is to say, injustice has become their nature; and they who heap up sins and violence in their palaces like treasures.

Jonah 2:6 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

bottoms. Heb. cuttings off. mountains.

Deuteronomy 32:22 For a fire is kindled in my anger, and shall burn to the lowest hell, and shall consume the earth with her increase...

Psalm 65:6 Which by his strength sets fast the mountains; being girded with power:

Psalm 104:6,8 You covered it with the deep as with a garment: the waters stood above the mountains...

Isaiah 40:12 Who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span...

Habakkuk 3:6,10 He stood, and measured the earth: he beheld, and drove asunder the nations; and the everlasting mountains were scattered...

the earth.

Job 38:4-11 Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if you have understanding...

Proverbs 8:25-29 Before the mountains were settled, before the hills was I brought forth...

yet.

Psalm 16:10 For you will not leave my soul in hell; neither will you suffer your Holy One to see corruption.

Isaiah 38:17 Behold, for peace I had great bitterness: but you have in love to my soul delivered it from the pit of corruption...

Acts 13:33-37 God has fulfilled the same to us their children, in that he has raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm...

corruption. or, the pit.

Job 33:24,28 Then he is gracious to him, and said, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom...

Psalm 30:3,9 O LORD, you have brought up my soul from the grave: you have kept me alive, that I should not go down to the pit...

Psalm 55:23 But you, O God, shall bring them down into the pit of destruction: bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days...

Psalm 143:7 Hear me speedily, O LORD: my spirit fails: hide not your face from me, lest I be like to them that go down into the pit.

Cross References
Matthew 16:18
And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

Job 33:28
He has redeemed my soul from going down into the pit, and my life shall look upon the light.'

Psalm 16:10
For you will not abandon my soul to Sheol, or let your holy one see corruption.

Psalm 18:5
the cords of Sheol entangled me; the snares of death confronted me.

Psalm 30:3
O LORD, you have brought up my soul from Sheol; you restored me to life from among those who go down to the pit.

Psalm 116:3
The snares of death encompassed me; the pangs of Sheol laid hold on me; I suffered distress and anguish.

Isaiah 38:10
I said, In the middle of my days I must depart; I am consigned to the gates of Sheol for the rest of my years.

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