John 19:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
So when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called The Stone Pavement, and in Aramaic Gabbatha.

King James Bible
When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha.

American Standard Version
When Pilate therefore heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and sat down on the judgment-seat at a place called The Pavement, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now when Pilate had heard these words, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat, in the place that is called Lithostrotos, and in Hebrew Gabbatha.

English Revised Version
When Pilate therefore heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and sat down on the judgment-seat at a place called The Pavement, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha.

Webster's Bible Translation
When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down on the judgment-seat, in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha.

Weymouth New Testament
On hearing this, Pilate brought Jesus out, and sat down on the judge's seat in a place called the Pavement--or in Hebrew, Gabbatha.

John 19:13 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

That saying (τοῦτον τὸν λόγον)

The best texts read τῶν λόγων τούτων, these words. He was afraid of an accusation at Rome before Tiberius, an accusation which could be justified by his misrule.

Judgment-seat (βήματος)

See on Acts 7:5. The best texts omit the article, which may indicate that the tribunal was an improvised one.

The Pavement (Λιθόστρωτον)

From λίθος, stone, and στρωτός, strewn or spread.

Gabbatha

From the Hebrew gab, "back," and meaning, therefore, a raised place. Thus the Aramaic term is not a translation of the Greek term, which indicates that the place, wherever it was, was distinguished by a mosaic or tessellated pavement. Suetonius relates that Julius Caesar used to carry about with him on his expeditions a portable tessellated pavement for his tribunal. It is not likely, however, that there is any allusion to such a practice here. Westcott explains Gabbatha as the ridge of the house.

John 19:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

heard.

John 19:8 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid;

Proverbs 29:25 The fear of man brings a snare: but whoever puts his trust in the LORD shall be safe.

Isaiah 51:12,13 I, even I, am he that comforts you: who are you, that you should be afraid of a man that shall die...

Isaiah 57:11 And of whom have you been afraid or feared, that you have lied, and have not remembered me, nor laid it to your heart?...

Luke 12:5 But I will forewarn you whom you shall fear: Fear him, which after he has killed has power to cast into hell; yes, I say to you...

Acts 4:19 But Peter and John answered and said to them, Whether it be right in the sight of God to listen to you more than to God, judge you.

and sat.

Psalm 58:1,2 Do you indeed speak righteousness, O congregation? do you judge uprightly, O you sons of men...

Psalm 82:5-7 They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course...

Psalm 94:20,21 Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with you, which frames mischief by a law...

Ecclesiastes 5:8 If you see the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter...

Amos 4:7 And also I have withheld the rain from you, when there were yet three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain on one city...

Cross References
Jeremiah 38:19
King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, "I am afraid of the Judeans who have deserted to the Chaldeans, lest I be handed over to them and they deal cruelly with me."

Matthew 27:19
Besides, while he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent word to him, "Have nothing to do with that righteous man, for I have suffered much because of him today in a dream."

John 5:2
Now there is in Jerusalem by the Sheep Gate a pool, in Aramaic called Bethesda, which has five roofed colonnades.

John 19:17
and he went out, bearing his own cross, to the place called The Place of a Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha.

John 19:20
Many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Aramaic, in Latin, and in Greek.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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