John 11:33
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
When Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who had come with her also weeping, he was deeply moved in his spirit and greatly troubled.

King James Bible
When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping which came with her, he groaned in the spirit, and was troubled,

American Standard Version
When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping who came with her, he groaned in the spirit, and was troubled,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Jesus, therefore, when he saw her weeping, and the Jews that were come with her, weeping, groaned in the spirit, and troubled himself,

English Revised Version
When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping which came with her, he groaned in the spirit, and was troubled,

Webster's Bible Translation
When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping who came with her, he groaned in the spirit, and was troubled;

Weymouth New Testament
Seeing her weeping aloud, and the Jews in like manner weeping who had come with her, Jesus, curbing the strong emotion of His spirit,

John 11:33 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

He groaned in the spirit (ἐνεβριμήσατο τῷ πνεύματι)

See on Mark 1:43. The word for groaned occurs three times elsewhere: Matthew 9:30; Mark 1:43; Mark 14:5. In every case it expresses a charge, or remonstrance, accompanied with a feeling of displeasure. On this passage there are two lines of interpretation, both of them assuming the meaning just stated. (1) Τῷ πνευ.ματι, the spirit, is regarded as the object of Jesus' inward charge or remonstrance. This is explained variously: as that Jesus sternly rebuked the natural shrinking of His human spirit, and summoned it to the decisive conflict with death; or that He checked its impulse to put forth His divine energy at once. (2) Takes in the spirit, as representing the sphere of feeling, as John 13:21; Mark 8:12; Luke 10:21. Some explain the feeling as indignation at the hypocritical mourning of the Jews, or at their unbelief and the sisters' misapprehension; others as indignation at the temporary triumph of Satan, who had the power of death.

The interpretation which explains τῷ πνεύματι as the sphere of feeling is to be preferred. Comp. John 11:38, in himself. The nature of the particular emotion of Jesus must remain largely a matter of conjecture. Rev. renders, in margin, was moved with indignation in the spirit.

Was troubled (ἐτάραξεν ἑαυτὸν)

Literally, troubled Himself. Probably of the outward manifestation of His strong feeling.

John 11:33 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the Jews.

Romans 12:15 Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep with them that weep.

he groaned.

John 11:38 Jesus therefore again groaning in himself comes to the grave. It was a cave, and a stone lay on it.

John 12:27 Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I to this hour.

Mark 3:5 And when he had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he said to the man...

Mark 9:19 He answers him, and said, O faithless generation, how long shall I be with you? how long shall I suffer you? bring him to me.

Mark 14:33-35 And he takes with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy...

Hebrews 4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are...

Hebrews 5:7,8 Who in the days of his flesh...

was troubled. Gr. he troubled himself.

Genesis 43:30,31 And Joseph made haste; for his bowels did yearn on his brother: and he sought where to weep; and he entered into his chamber...

Genesis 45:1-5 Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me...

Cross References
John 11:19
and many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary to console them concerning their brother.

John 11:31
When the Jews who were with her in the house, consoling her, saw Mary rise quickly and go out, they followed her, supposing that she was going to the tomb to weep there.

John 11:34
And he said, "Where have you laid him?" They said to him, "Lord, come and see."

John 11:35
Jesus wept.

John 11:38
Then Jesus, deeply moved again, came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone lay against it.

John 12:27
"Now is my soul troubled. And what shall I say? 'Father, save me from this hour'? But for this purpose I have come to this hour.

John 13:21
After saying these things, Jesus was troubled in his spirit, and testified, "Truly, truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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